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state of the United States of America, located on an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean

Hawaii is a U.S. state and the only U.S. State that is in Oceania. It is the last state that joined the United States, becoming a state on August 21, 1959. It is the only state made only of islands. Hawaii is also the name of the largest island. The capital and largest city of Hawaii is Honolulu on the island named Oahu.

State of Hawaii
Mokuʻāina o Hawaiʻi  (Hawaiian)
Flag of Hawaii State seal of Hawaii
Flag Seal
The Aloha State (official), Paradise of the Pacific,[1] The Islands of Aloha
Motto(s): Ua Mau ke Ea o ka ʻĀina i ka Pono
("The Life of the Land is Perpetuated in Righteousness")[2]
State song(s): "Hawaiʻi Ponoʻī
(Hawaiʻi's Own True Sons)[3]
Map of the United States with Hawaii highlighted
Official languageEnglish, Hawaiian
(and largest city)
Largest metroIsland of Oʻahu
AreaRanked 43rd
 • Total10,931 sq mi
(28,311 km2)
 • Widthn/a miles (n/a km)
 • Length1,522 miles (2,450 km)
 • % water41.2
 • Latitude18° 55′ N to 28° 27′ N
 • Longitude154° 48′ W to 178° 22′ W
PopulationRanked 40th
 • Total1,420,491 (2018)
 • Density221/sq mi  (82.6/km2)
Ranked 13th
 • Median household income$77,765[4] (4th)
 • Highest pointMauna Kea[5][6][7][8]
13,796 ft (4205.0 m)
 • Mean3,030 ft  (920 m)
 • Lowest pointPacific Ocean[6]
Sea level
Before statehoodTerritory of Hawaii
Admission to UnionAugust 21, 1959 (50th)
GovernorDavid Ige (D)
Lieutenant GovernorJosh Green (D)
LegislatureState Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. Senators
U.S. House delegation1: Ed Case (D)
2: Tulsi Gabbard (D) (list)
Time zoneHawaii: UTC −10
(no DST)
AbbreviationsHI, H.I.
Hawaii state symbols
Flag of Hawaii.svg
Seal of the State of Hawaii.svg
Living insignia
FlowerPua aloalo
TreeKukui tree
Inanimate insignia
FoodKalo (taro)
GemstoneʻĒkaha kū moana (black coral)
OtherHeʻe nalu (surfing) (state individual sport)
State route marker
Hawaii state route marker
State quarter
Hawaii quarter dollar coin
Released in 2008
Lists of United States state symbols


Hawaii is known as the "Aloha State". Aloha is a Hawaiian word that has many meanings like welcome, hello and goodbye. Aloha also means love and care. The different meanings are brought together in the term "Aloha Spirit" to describe the friendly people of Hawaii.


Hawaii is an archipelago, a long chain of islands. There are eight main islands and many small islands and atolls. They are the tops of underwater volcanos. The main islands are Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Kahoolawe, Maui and Hawaii.


The first people of Hawaii were Polynesians. They came to the islands sometime between 200 and 600 AD. Captain James Cook is given credit for discovering the islands for the Europeans in 1778. Others may have been there before him. Captain Cook named the islands the Sandwich Islands for the fourth Earl of Sandwich, John Montague.

Kamehameha I was the first king of Hawaii. He united the separate small Hawaiian kingdoms into one large kingdom in 1795. In 1893, American soldiers stopped Queen Liliuokalani from leading Hawaii when American business people took over the government and made their own laws. She was the last monarch of Hawaii. She also wrote the original words of the song called Aloha Oe.

The American business people made Hawaii into a republic for a short time. The new leader, Sanford Dole was called the President of Hawaii. In 1898, the United States of America took over the government and made Hawaii into a territory. In 1959, Hawaii became the fiftieth American state.


The biggest industry of Hawaii is tourism. Almost 7 million people visited in 2000. Important exports are sugar, pineapple, macadamia nuts, and coffee.

Popular tourist sites include Waikiki Beach, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, Polynesian Cultural Center, and the USS Arizona Memorial at Pearl Harbor.

State symbolsEdit

The state flower is the yellow hibiscus (Hibiscus brackenridgei or ma'o hau hele). The state bird is the Hawaiian goose (nene). The state fish is the reef triggerfish, also called the humu humu nuku nuku apua'a. The state tree is the candlenut, also called kukui. The state song is Hawaii Ponoi. The state motto is Ua mau ke ea o ka aina i ka pono. In English it says, The life of the land is perpetuated in righteousness.


  1. Brodie, Carolyn S; Goodrich, Debra; Montgomery, Paula Kay (1996). [Hawaii at Google Books The Bookmark Book] Check |url= value (help). Englewood, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited. ISBN 9781563083006. OCLC 34164045. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  2. Hawaii State Legislature. "Haw. Rev. Stat. § 5–9 (State motto)". Retrieved December 9, 2013.
  3. Hawaii State Legislature. "Haw. Rev. Stat. § 5–10 (State song)". Archived from the original on January 16, 2003. Retrieved December 9, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  4. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  5. "Summit USGS 1977". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  7. Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  8. The summit of Mauna Kea is the highest point in Oceania. Mauna Kea is also the tallest mountain on Earth when measured from base to summit. The shield volcano sits on the floor of the Pacific Ocean at a depth of 5,998 meters (19,678 ft) for a total height of 10,205.3 meters (33,482 ft)


  1. Local usage generally reserves Hawaiian as an ethnonym referring to Native Hawaiians. Hawaii resident is the preferred local form to refer to state residents in general regardless of ethnicity. Hawaii may also be used adjectivally. The Associated Press Stylebook, 42nd ed. (2007), also prescribes this usage (p. 112).

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Hawaii at Wikimedia Commons