Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park
Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park is a national park in the U.S. state and island of Hawaii. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The park was created in 1916. It includes The Mauna Loa, which is the Earth's biggest volcano, and Kilauea, the Earth's most active volcano.
|Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park|
Pāhoehoe Lava and ʻAʻā flows
|Location||Hawaii County, Hawaii, US|
|Area||323,431 acres (1,308.88 km2)|
|Established||August 1, 1916|
|Visitors||2,016,702 (in 2017)|
|Governing body||National Park Service|
|Website||Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park|
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Inscription||1987 (11th Session)|
The park shows the results of millions of years of volcanism, and evolution. These processes produce bare land from the sea, and with complex and unique ecosystems, a distinct Ancient Hawaiian culture. Kīlauea, one of the world's most active volcanoes, and Mauna Loa is the biggest, it offers scientists with insights on the birth of the Hawaiian Islands, and can give visitors views of the dramatic volcanic landscapes.
On March 19, 2008, there was a small explosion in Halemaʻumaʻu crater, the first explosive event since 1924 and the first eruption in the Kīlauea caldera since September 1982.
Debris from the explosion was scattered over an area of 74 acres (300,000 m2). A small amount of ash was also reported at a nearby community. The explosion covered part of Crater Rim Drive and damaged Halemaʻumaʻu overlook. The explosion did not release any lava, which suggests to scientists that it was driven by hydrothermal or gas sources.
- "Listing of acreage as of December 31, 2011" (PDF). Land Resource Division, National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-03-07.
- "Five Year Annual Recreation Visits Report". Public Use Statistic Office, National Park Service. Retrieved 2018-02-26.
- UNESCO, "Hawaii Volcanoes National Park"; retrieved 2012-4-19.
- "Hawai'i's Only World Heritage Site". Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park web site. National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-12-02.
- Explosive eruption in Halemaʻumaʻu Crater, Kilauea Volcano.
- "Closed Areas". Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park web site. National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-12-02.
- "Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes Sister Park Arrangement". National Park Service. June 2, 2017. Retrieved August 17, 2020.
Media related to Hawaii Volcanoes National Park at Wikimedia Commons