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Georgia (country)

republic in the Caucasus region

Georgia is a country in Eastern Europe.[7][8] It is on the coast of the Black Sea. During 1991-1995 its full name was the Republic of Georgia but since 1995 it is Georgia as written in the Constitution. Before, it was part of the Soviet Union, but now it is an independent republic. The capital city is Tbilisi. Its population is almost 5 million.

Georgia[1]
საქართველო
Sakartvelo
Coat of arms of Georgia (country)
Coat of arms
Motto: Dzala ertobashia (ძალა ერთობაშია)
(English: "Strength is in Unity")
Location of Georgia (country)
Capital
and largest city
Tbilisi
Official languagesGeorgian[2]
Other languages[3]
Ethnic groups (2002)83.8% Georgian,
6.5% Azeri,
5.7% Armenian,
1.5% Russian,
2.5% others[3]
DemonymGeorgian
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
Giorgi Margvelashvili
Mamuka Bakhtadze
Modern Statehood
May 26, 1918
• 
February 25, 1921
• Independence from the Soviet Union Declared
Finalized
April 9, 1991
December 25, 1991
Area
• 
69,700 km2 (26,900 sq mi) (120th)
Population
• 2010 estimate
4,636,400[4] (121st)
• Density
68.1/km2 (176.4/sq mi) (144th)
GDP (PPP)2010 estimate
• Total
$22.443 billion[5]
• Per capita
$5,114[5]
GDP (nominal)2010 estimate
• Total
$11.665 billion[5]
• Per capita
$2,658[5]
HDI (2010)Increase 0.698[6]
medium · 74th
CurrencyLari (ლ) (GEL)
Time zoneUTC (UTC+4)
• Summer (DST)
not observed (UTC+4)
Drives on theright
Calling code995
ISO 3166 codeGE
Internet TLD.ge

Contents

GeographyEdit

 
A map of Georgia

Georgia is next to the countries of Russia, Turkey, Armenia and Azerbaijan. It also has a coast on the Black Sea. It lies at the edge of Europe and Asia.

Georgia has many mountains. Its highest point is 5,048 m above sea level. The mountains running through Georgia are called the Caucasus Mountains.

Highest mountain in Georgia is Mount Shkhara at 5,068 m. The coastline of Georgia is 310 km long. Georgia has about 25,000 rivers. Largest river is the Mtkvari.

The capital of Georgia is called Tbilisi.

CultureEdit

The population of Georgia is about 5 million. About 1.3 million of these live in Tbilisi. People from Georgia are called Georgians. Most of them speak Georgian as their first language, though some people also speak Azerbaijani, Armenian, Russian or other languages.

Georgians have their own unique three alphabets. They were invented by King Pharnavaz I of Iberia.

The most famous person to have come from Georgia is Josef Stalin.

Most Georgians are Christians, but there are some Muslims and Jews as well.

The currency of Georgia is called the lari.

HistoryEdit

The Georgians are an ancient people. Their Capital Tbilisi was founded around AD 400, after the end of the Roman Empire . Western Georgia was part of the Roman Empire before then. The Arabs captured it in 635 AD. The culture continued and they flourished through trade. In the 900s Arabs were weaker and Georgia became their own country again. It was the major country in the region until the Mongols invaded in 1223. Georgia was part of the Mongolian empire for a century on and off until 1334, when King Giorgi V took over. In the 1500s the Persians invaded Georgia four times from 1541-1544. In 1555 the Kings of Kartli ruled through the will of the Persian Shahs.

In 1783 The treaty of Georgievsk was signed between Catherine the Great of Russia and King Heraclius II, giving Russia the power to protect Georgia. Then, in 1798 the Persians burned Tbilisi to the ground.

From 1811 to 1918 Georgia was under the Tsar of Russia. Their culture survived intact. From 1918 to 1921 Georgia was independent, and then was part of the Soviet Union.

In 1991 Georgia declared their independence and they have ruled their own country ever since. There was a rough patch between 1994 and 1995 when the economy was poor, but now Georgia is a country with ties with the United States, and are currently applying to NATO.

In 2008 Georgia was involved in the 2008 South Ossetia war.

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Article 1.3", Constitution of Georgia
  2. "Article 8", Constitution of Georgia. In Abkhazia, also Abkhazian.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "CIA Factbook Georgia". Cia.gov. Retrieved 2012-06-10.
  4. "Statistics Georgia". GE: Geostat. Retrieved November 2, 2010.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Georgia". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved April 26, 2011.
  6. "Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations. 2010. Retrieved November 5, 2010.
  7. International Geographic Encyclopaedia and Atlas. Springer, 24 November 1979, p. 273
  8. Stephen White, Valentina Feklyunina. Identities and Foreign Policies in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus: The Other Europes. Springer, Oct 22, 2014 :"The Great Soviet Atlas put the entire Caucasus inside 'Europe', as far as the Turkish border with the USSR (Efremov, “Obsuzhdenie', p. 145); so did the Great Soviet Encyclopedia..."

Other websitesEdit

Major statue of dicator joseph stalin removed for good on june 25 2010!