Azerbaijani language

Oghuz Turkic language of the Azerbaijani people

The Azerbaijani language, also called Azeri, or Azerbaijani Turkish[2] is a Turkic language that is spoken in Azerbaijan and northwestern Iran. Azerbaijani is the official language of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Dagestan in Russia.

Azərbaycan dili
Азәрбајҹан дили
آذربایجان دیلی
Pronunciation/azærbajʤan dili/
Native to Azerbaijan,
also in parts of neighboring countries such as:
Native speakers
25 million [1]
Latin alphabet for North Azerbaijani in Azerbaijan, Perso-Arabic script for South Azerbaijani in Iran, and, formerly, Cyrillic alphabet for North Azerbaijani (Azerbaijani variants)
Official status
Official language in
 Azerbaijan (North Azerbaijani),
Iraq (South Azerbaijani; official in areas where Iraqi Turkmen form a majority)[source?]
Language codes
ISO 639-1az
ISO 639-2aze
ISO 639-3aze
Map of the Azerbaijani language.svg

Azerbaijani is also spoken in Dagestan (a republic of Russia), south-eastern and eastern Georgia, north eastern Turkey and in some parts of Ukraine and in northwestern Iran. In Dagesten, there are over 30 different languages, and Russian is used as a lingua franca.


  1. CIA factbook about Iran and CIA factbook about Azerbaijan Republic Archived 2012-05-07 at WebCite
  2. L. Johanson, "AZERBAIJAN ix. Iranian Elements in Azeri Turkish" in Encyclopædia Iranica .