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Federal subjects of Russia

official constitutional top-level political division of Russia

The subjects of the Russian Federation (Russian: Субъекты Российской Федерации Subekty Rossiyskoy Federatsii) are the main administrative divisions in Russia. Since 18 March 2014, Russia is made up of 85 federal subjects.[1] They are grouped into eight Federal Districts.

The federal subjects are divided into oblasts, republics, krais, autonomous okrugs, federal cities and autonomous oblasts. Republics are generally independent, each having its own constitution and legislature. They are meant to be home to a certain ethnic minority. The republics can also set their own official language.[2]

TypesEdit

  • Oblast: federal subjects with a governor and elected legislature.
  • Republic: independent subjects, with each having its own constitution and legislature.
  • Krai: same as oblasts, but the word krai is more historic.
  • Autonomous okrug: subjects with a large ethnic minority.
  • Federal cities: cities with more federal power.
  • Autonomous oblast

List by populationEdit

Flag Name Type Area (km2) Population Pop. density Established
  Moscow Federal city 2,511 10,382,754 4,134.9
  Moscow Oblast Oblast 44,300 6,618,538 149.4 1929
  Krasnodar Krai Krai 76,000 5,125,221 67.4 1937
  Saint Petersburg Federal city 1,439 4,662,547 3,240.1
  Sverdlovsk Oblast Oblast 194,800 4,486,214 23.0 1935
  Rostov Oblast Oblast 100,800 4,404,013 43.7 1937
  Bashkortostan Republic 143,600 4,104,336 28.6 1919
  Tatarstan Republic 68,000 3,779,265 55.6 1920
  Chelyabinsk Oblast Oblast 87,900 3,603,339 41.0 1934
  Nizhny Novgorod Oblast Oblast 76,900 3,524,028 45.8 1936
  Tyumen Oblast Oblast 1,435,200 3,264,841 2.3 1944
  Samara Oblast Oblast 53,600 3,239,737 60.4 1928
  Krasnoyarsk Krai Krai 2,339,700 2,966,042 1.3 1934
  Kemerovo Oblast Oblast 95,500 2,899,142 30.4 1943
  Perm Krai Krai 160,600 2,819,421 17.6 2005
  Stavropol Krai Krai 66,500 2,735,139 41.1 1934
  Volgograd Oblast Oblast 113,900 2,699,223 23.7 1937
  Novosibirsk Oblast Oblast 178,200 2,692,251 15.1 1937
  Saratov Oblast Oblast 100,200 2,668,310 26.6 1936
  Altai Krai Krai 169,100 2,607,426 15.4 1937
  Irkutsk Oblast Oblast 767,900 2,581,705 3.4 1937
  Dagestan Republic 50,300 2,576,531 51.2 1921
  Voronezh Oblast Oblast 52,400 2,378,803 45.4 1934
  Orenburg Oblast Oblast 124,000 2,179,551 17.6 1934
  Omsk Oblast Oblast 139,700 2,079,220 14.9 1934
  Primorsky Krai Krai 165,900 2,071,210 12.5 1938
  Crimea Republic 26,964 1,966,801 72.9 2014
  Tula Oblast Oblast 25,700 1,675,758 65.2 1937
  Leningrad Oblast Oblast 84,500 1,669,205 19.8 1927
  Udmurtia Republic 42,100 1,570,316 37.3 1920
  Vladimir Oblast Oblast 29,000 1,523,990 52.6 1944
  Belgorod Oblast Oblast 27,100 1,511,620 55.8 1954
  Kirov Oblast Oblast 120,800 1,503,529 12.4 1934
  Tver Oblast Oblast 84,100 1,471,459 17.5 1935
  Penza Oblast Oblast 43,200 1,452,941 33.6 1939
  Khabarovsk Krai Krai 788,600 1,436,570 1.8 1938
  Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug Autonomous Okrug 523,100 1,432,817 2.7 1930
  Ulyanovsk Oblast Oblast 37,300 1,382,811 37.0 1943
  Bryansk Oblast Oblast 34,900 1,378,941 39.5 1944
  Yaroslavl Oblast Oblast 36,400 1,367,398 37.6 1936
  Arkhangelsk Oblast Oblast 587,400 1,336,539 2.3 1937
  Chuvashia Republic 18,300 1,313,754 71.8 1920
  Vologda Oblast Oblast 145,700 1,269,568 8.7 1937
  Kursk Oblast Oblast 29,800 1,235,091 41.4 1934
  Ryazan Oblast Oblast 39,600 1,227,910 31.0 1937
  Lipetsk Oblast Oblast 24,100 1,213,499 50.4 1954
  Tambov Oblast Oblast 34,300 1,178,443 34.4 1937
  Zabaykalsky Krai Krai 431,500 1,155,346 2.7 2008
  Ivanovo Oblast Oblast 21,800 1,148,329 52.7 1936
  Chechnya Republic 15,300 1,103,686 72.1 1991
  Smolensk Oblast Oblast 49,800 1,049,574 21.1 1937
  Tomsk Oblast Oblast 316,900 1,046,039 3.3 1944
  Kaluga Oblast Oblast 29,900 1,041,641 34.8 1944
  Kurgan Oblast Oblast 71,000 1,019,532 14.4 1943
  Komi Republic Republic 415,900 1,018,674 2.4 1921
  Astrakhan Oblast Oblast 44,100 1,005,276 22.8 1943
  Buryatia Republic 351,300 981,238 2.8 1923
Kaliningrad Oblast Oblast 15,100 955,281 63.3 1946
  Yakutia Republic 3,103,200 949,280 0.3 1922
  Amur Oblast Oblast 363,700 902,844 2.5 1932
  Kabardino-Balkaria Republic 12,500 901,494 72.1 1936
  Murmansk Oblast Oblast 144,900 892,534 6.2 1938
  Mordovia Republic 26,200 888,766 33.9 1930
  Oryol Oblast Oblast 24,700 860,262 34.8 1937
  Pskov Oblast Oblast 55,300 760,810 13.8 1944
  Kostroma Oblast Oblast 60,100 736,641 12.3 1944
  Mari El Republic 23,200 727,979 31.4 1920
  Karelia Republic 172,400 716,281 4.2 1956
  North Ossetia-Alania Republic 8,000 710,275 88.8 1924
  Novgorod Oblast Oblast 55,300 694,355 12.6 1944
  Sakhalin Oblast Oblast 87,100 546,695 6.3 1947
  Khakassia Republic 61,900 546,072 8.8 1930
  Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Autonomous Okrug 750,300 507,006 0.7 1930
  Ingushetia Republic 4,000 467,294 116.8 1992
  Adygea Republic 7,600 447,109 58.8 1922
  Karachay-Cherkessia Republic 14,100 439,470 31.2 1957
  Sevastopol Federal city 864 379,200 438.9 2014
  Kamchatka Krai Krai 472,300 358,801 0.8 2007
  Tuva Republic 170,500 305,510 1.8 1944
  Kalmykia Republic 76,100 292,410 3.8 1957
  Altai Republic Republic 92,600 202,947 2.2 1922
  Jewish Autonomous Oblast Autonomous Oblast 36,000 190,915 5.3 1934
  Magadan Oblast Oblast 461,400 182,726 0.4 1953
  Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Autonomous Okrug 737,700 53,824 0.1 1930
  Nenets Autonomous Okrug Autonomous Okrug 176,700 41,546 0.2 1929

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Constitution of the Russian Federation". Russian Presidential Executive Office. Retrieved 2013-04-28.
  2. Article 68 of the Constitution of Russia