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Murmansk Oblast

federal subject of Russia
Flag of the Murmansk Oblast.
Location of the oblast.

Murmansk Oblast (Russian: Му́рманская о́бласть, Murmanskaya oblast' ) is a federal subject in northwestern Russia. The administrative centre is Murmansk, where most of the population lives. The oblast has a population of 795,409.[1]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Records show people first began to populate the area sometime between 8000 BC and 7000 BC.[2][3] The first permanent towns began to appear in the 15th century. These towns were mainly on the Tersky Coast. In the late 15th century, the area became part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow. At the time, most of the economy was based on fishing.

Oblast divisionsEdit

The oblast is divided into six districts, six closed cities and six cities and towns under the oblast's control.

DistrictsEdit

The six districts are: Kandalakshsky District, Kolsky District, Kovdorsky District, Lovozersky District, Pechengsky District, Tersky District.

Closed citiesEdit

The six closed cities are: Gadzhiyevo, Ostrovnoy, Polyarny, Severomorsk, Snezhnogorsk and Zaozyorsk.

These cities are controlled by the federal government. A "closed city" is a term for a city where residents need special permission to live there.

Cities and towns under the oblast's controlEdit

The six cities and towns under the oblast's control are: Murmansk, Apatity, Kirovsk, Monchegorsk, Olenegorsk and Polyarnye Zori.

These cities have their own oblast territory.

ClimateEdit

Most of the oblast is in the arctic circle, meaning in summer the sun is in the sky all day, while at night the sun never rises. The entire oblast also has a subarctic climate, with very cold winters, and short, warm summers. The area isn't as cold as other locations of the same longitude because of the effects of the North Atlantic Current. The current's influence also means that the northern coast is generally "warmer" than the southern central region.

DemographicsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1[[Category:Articles containing Russian-language text]]" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help); URL–wikilink conflict (help)
  2. В. Я. Шумкин. Этапы освоения Северо-Запада Европейской Арктики, 2015
  3. http://kae.rekvizit.ru/olen/olintr.htm Кольская археологическая экспедиция
  4. Arena - Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia. Sreda.org
  5. 2012 Survey Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 24-09-2012.

Other websitesEdit