adherent of Islam
(Redirected from Muslim)

Muslims are people who have professed belief in Islam. As believers, they worship the One God and revere Prophet Muhammad as the last messenger of God. Additionally, they also believe in all the prophets which preceded Prophet Muhammad and the holy books which they brought, such as the Psalms, Torah, and the Gospel. A fundamental article of faith in Islam is belief in the Day of Judgement, when all humanity will be recompensed for their deeds in this world. Muslims believe in angels, as well as in predestination.

Prayer in Cairo 1865.jpg
Muslims praying in 1865 Cairo by Jean-Léon Gérôme
Total population
c.2 billion worldwide (2020)[1][2]
Regions with significant populations
 Pakistan213,161,100[6] [7]
 India207,000,000[8] [9]
 Bangladesh153,700,000[10][11] [12]
80–90% Sunni Islam
12–17% Shia Islam
~1% Ahmadiyya
~1% Other Muslim traditions, e.g. Ibadi Islam[20]
Arabic (also liturgical), Urdu, Bengali, Malay, Persian, Javanese, Punjabi, Turkish, Hausa, Mandarin Chinese & other Sinitic languages and languages of the Muslim world[22][23][24][25][26][27][28]

Muslims around the WorldEdit

After Prophet Muhammad, the very first Muslims were people from his own circle of family and friends as well as the poor and needy in Mecca more than 1400 years ago. During the life of Muhammad, this small band of followers grew by tens of thousands. As centuries passed, Muslims have only grown in number. Today, Muslims account for about one quarter of the entire world population.

There are between 1.2 and 1.6 billion Muslims across the world. Most of the Muslims are concentrated in Muslim-majority countries, such as Azerbaijan and Albania in Europe, Mali and Tunisia in Africa, Saudi Arabia and Jordan in the Middle East, Pakistan and Bangladesh in southeast Asia, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan in central Asia, and Indonesia and Malaysia in Asia Pacific. At the same time, a growing Muslim diaspora has taken root in many areas as well, such as China, Australia, Europe, America and Canada, Latin America, and parts of western, central, and southern Africa. It is estimated that there are around 7 million Muslims in the United States.

The common belief that most Muslims are Arabs is a misconception. In fact, the majority of Muslims in the world are non-Arabs.

Islam and MuslimsEdit

As in other religious bodies, there are practicing and non-practicing Muslims, liberal and conservative Muslims, tolerant and extremist Muslims. However, their individual actions should not be used to scrutinize or label Islam.

In fact, it must be mentioned here that the media stereotype of Muslims is far from reality. The vast majority of the Muslims in the world are indeed peace-loving human beings with many of them striving hard to live up to the great ideals of Islam.


  1. "Muslim Population By Country 2021". World Population Review. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  2. Lipka, Michael, and Conrad Hackett. [2015] 6 April 2017. "Why Muslims are the world’s fastest-growing religious group" (data analysis). Fact Tank. US: Pew Research Center.
  3. Welch, Alford T, Moussalli, Ahmad S, Newby, Gordon D (2009). "Muḥammad". In John L. Esposito (ed.). The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World. Oxford: Oxford University Press. The Prophet of Islam was a religious, political, and social reformer who gave rise to one of the great civilizations of the world. From a modern, historical perspective, Muḥammad was the founder of Islam. From the perspective of the Islamic faith, he was God's Messenger (rasūl Allāh), called to be a “warner,” first to the Arabs and then to all humankind.
  4. [ "Penduduk Menurut Wilayah dan Agama yang Dianut"] Check |url= value (help) [Population by Region and Religion]. Sensus Penduduk 2018. Jakarta, Indonesia: Badan Pusat Statistik. 15 May 2018. Retrieved 3 September 2020. Religion is belief in Almighty God that must be possessed by every human being. Religion can be divided into Muslim, Christian (Protestant), Catholic, Hindu, Buddhist, Hu Khong Chu, and Other Religions. Muslim 231,069,932 (86.7), Christian (Protestant)20,246,267 (7.6), Catholic 8,325,339 (3.12), Hindu 4,646,357 (1.74), Buddhist 2,062,150 (0.72), Confucianism 71,999 (0.03),Other Religions/no answer 112,792 (0.04), Total 266,534,836
  5. "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". Retrieved 24 May 2017.
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  9. "India's religions by numbers". The Hindu. 26 August 2015 – via
  10. "South Asia :: Bangladesh — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". Retrieved 14 December 2018.
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  13. "The World Factbook". Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  14. "The World Factbook". Retrieved 31 December 2017.
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  17. Gorder, A. Christian van (2014-05-29). Islam, Peace and Social Justice: A Christian Perspective. ISD LLC. ISBN 978-0-227-90200-4.
  18. "China (Includes Tibet, Hong Kong, Macau)". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2020-04-28.
  19. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. "Refworld - 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - China (includes Tibet, Hong Kong, Macau)". Refworld. Archived from the original on 17 October 2012. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  20. "Chapter 1: Religious Affiliation". The World’s Muslims: Unity and Diversity. Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. 9 August 2012. Archived from the original on 26 December 2016. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
  21. Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (2007). "Qurʼān". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Archived from the original on 16 October 2007. Retrieved 4 November 2007.
  22. Khan, Muhammad Mojlum (2013). The Muslim Heritage of Bengal: The Lives, Thoughts and Achievements of Great Muslim Scholars, Writers and Reformers of Bangladesh and West Bengal. England: Kube Publishing. p. 2. Bengali-speaking Muslims... one of the largest linguistic groups... second only to the Arabs
  23. Talbot & Singh 2009, p. 27, footnote 3.
  24. Grim, Brian J.; Johnson, Todd M. (2013). Chapter 1: Global Religious Populations, 1910–2010 (PDF) (Report). Wiley. p. 22. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
  25. "What are the top 200 most spoken languages?". Ethnologue. 2018-10-03. Retrieved 2019-12-07.
  26. Al-Jallad, Ahmad. "Polygenesis in the Arabic Dialects". Archived from the original on 15 August 2016.
  27. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. "Refworld – 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom – China (includes Tibet, Hong Kong, Macau)". Refworld. Retrieved 14 February 2015.
  28. Nationalencyklopedin "Världens 100 största språk 2007" (The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007), SIL Ethnologue

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