Bengali language

Indo-Aryan language mainly spoken in Bangladesh and India

Bengali is the most eastern Indo-Aryan language from South Asia. It developed from a language called Pali.

Bangla Script.svg
"Bangla" in Bengali script
Pronunciation[ˈbaŋla] (audio speaker iconlisten)
RegionBangladesh and India
Native speakers
250–300 million (2017)[1][2][3]
(L1 plus L2 speakers)
Early forms
  • Old Bengali
Eastern Nagari script (Bengali alphabet)
Bengali Braille
Bengali signed forms[4]
Official status
Official language in
 India (in West Bengal, Tripura and Barak Valley)
Regulated byBangla Academy
Paschimbanga Bangla Akademi
Language codes
ISO 639-1bn
ISO 639-2ben
ISO 639-3ben
Bengalispeaking region.png
Bengali speaking region of South Asia
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.
Spoken Bengali

Bengali is spoken in Bangladesh and in the Indian states of West Bengal and Tripura.

There are about 220 million native speakers and about 250 million total speakers of Bengali. It is one of the most widely spoken languages in the world, ranking seventh.[5]

Almost all of the people in Bangladesh speak Bengali, and many famous books and poems are written in Bengali. Rabindranath Tagore was a famous poet who wrote in Bengali. Tagore won the Nobel Prize in Literature. The national anthems of both India and Bangladesh were written in this language.[6]


  1. "Article 3. The state language". The CBalto-onstitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. Ministry of Law, The People's Republic of Bangladesh. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
  2. "Scheduled Languages in descending order of speaker's strength - 2011" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 29 June 2018.
  3. Bengali at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  4. "Bangla Sign Language Dictionary". Retrieved 12 September 2018.
  5. "Statistical Summaries". Ethnologue. 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-23.
  6. "Statement by Hon'ble Foreign Minister on Second Bangladesh-India Track II dialogue at BRAC Centre on 07 August, 2005". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 2008-04-18. Retrieved 2008-05-27.