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Bengali language

language native to the region of eastern South Asia known as Bengal

Bengali is the most eastern Indo-Aryan language from South Asia. It developed from a language called Pali.

Bengali
Bangla
বাংলা
বাংলা.svg
"Bangla" in Bengali script
Pronunciation Template:IPA-bn
Region Bangladesh and India
Ethnicity Bengalis
Native speakers
250–300 million (2017)[1][2][3]
(L1 plus L2 speakers)
Early forms
Abahattha
  • Old Bengali
Dialects
Eastern Nagari script (Bengali alphabet)
Bengali Braille
Bengali signed forms[4]
Official status
Official language in
 Bangladesh
 India (in West Bengal, Tripura and Barak Valley)
Regulated by Bangla Academy
Paschimbanga Bangla Akademi
Language codes
ISO 639-1 bn
ISO 639-2 ben
ISO 639-3 ben
Glottolog beng1280[5]
Linguasphere 59-AAF-u
Bengalispeaking region.png
Bengali speaking region of South Asia
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Spoken Bengali

Bengali is spoken in Bangladesh and in the Indian states of West Bengal and Tripura.

There are about 220 million native speakers and about 250 million total speakers of Bengali. It is one of the most widely spoken languages in the world, ranking seventh.[6]

Almost all of the people in Bangladesh speak Bengali, and many famous books and poems are written in Bengali. Rabindranath Tagore was a famous poet who wrote in Bengali. Tagore won the Nobel Prize in Literature. The national anthems of both India and Bangladesh were written in this language.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Article 3. The state language". The Constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. bdlaws.minlaw.gov.bd. Ministry of Law, The People's Republic of Bangladesh. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
  2. "Scheduled Languages in descending order of speaker's strength - 2011" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 29 June 2018.
  3. Bengali at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  4. "Bangla Sign Language Dictionary". www.scribd.com. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
  5. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Bengali". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  6. "Statistical Summaries". Ethnologue. 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-23.
  7. "Statement by Hon'ble Foreign Minister on Second Bangladesh-India Track II dialogue at BRAC Centre on 07 August, 2005". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of Bangladesh. Retrieved 2008-05-27.