Maithili (Nepali: मैथिली; //; Maithilī) is an Indo-Aryan language. It is spoken in Nepal and northern India. It is spoken by 34.7 million people. Of those, 2.8 million are Nepalese people. It is the second largest national language of Nepal. In ancient times, Maithili language was written in Mithilakshar. Now it is written in Devanagari script.
|Native to||India, Nepal and Bangladesh|
|Region||Bihar, Jharkand,West Bengal, Province No. 1, Bagmati Province, Rangpur Division|
|30 million (2000–2001)|
Kaithi (Maithili style)
Official language in
| Nepal Interim Constitution 2007|
India 8th schedule of Constitution of India, Bihar
|Maithili edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia|
- Maithili at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
- "Maithili". Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. 2nd ed. 1989.
- Lewis, M. P. (ed.) (2009). Maithili Archived 2013-09-22 at the Wayback Machine Ethnologue: Languages of the World. Sixteenth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International.
- Yadava, Y. P. (2013). Linguistic context and language endangerment in Nepal. Nepalese Linguistics 28: 262–274.