state in eastern India

Bihar (/bɪˈhɑːr/; Hindustani pronunciation: [bɪˈɦaːr] (audio speaker iconlisten)) is a state in the Republic of India, covering an area of 38,202 mi² (99,200 km²). The capital is Patna. Bihar is bordered by the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the west, Jharkhand to the south, and West Bengal to the east. To the north of Bihar is the country of Nepal. In traditional Indian geography it falls under the East Indian zone. It is one of the poorest regions in India.

Clockwise from top: Great Buddha Statue at Bodh Gaya, ruins of ancient Nalanda University, Madhubani painting from Mithila region, Brahma Kund hot springs in Rajgir
Location of Bihar in India
Location of Bihar in India
Coordinates (Patna): 25°24′N 85°06′E / 25.4°N 85.1°E / 25.4; 85.1
Statehood26 January 1950
Largest cityPatna
 • GovernorPhagu Chauhan (BJP)[1]
 • Chief MinisterNitish Kumar (JD(U))
 • Deputy Chief MinisterSushil Kumar Modi[2] (BJP)
 • Legislature
 • High CourtPatna High Court
 • Total94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi)
 • Rank12th
 • Total103,804,637
 • Rank3rd
 • Density1,102/km2 (2,850/sq mi)
 • Major Ethnolinguistic Groups
Bhojpuris Maithils Magahis
GDP (2017–18)
 • Total4.88 lakh crore (US$64 billion)
 • Per capita38,860 (US$510)
 • OfficialHindi
 • Additional officialMaithilia,[6] Urdub
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-BR
Vehicle registrationBR
HDI (2017)Increase 0.566[7] (medium) · 29th
Literacy (2011)63.82%[8]
Sex ratio (2011)918 /1000 [9]

Population change

A census in 2023 of the 130 million people in the state collected information about castes for the first time since 1931. 15.5% were upper caste. 27.1% were other backward class. 36% were extremely backward class and 21.4% were scheduled castes or scheduled tribes. Brahmins, the highest caste, were less than 4% of the population.[10]

Provincial symbols of Bihar change

References change

  1. "Senior BJP Leader Phagu Chauhan Appointed Governor of Bihar, to Take Over From Lal Ji Tandon". News18. 20 July 2019. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  2. "Nitish Kumar to take oath as Chief Minister of Bihar, Sushil Modi to be deputy CM – Times of India". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  3. "State Profile". Government of Bihar. Archived from the original on 22 September 2017. Retrieved 27 September 2017.
  4. "census of india". Census of India 2001. Government of India. 27 May 2002. Archived from the original on 3 April 2007. Retrieved 14 April 2007.
  5. "MOSPI Gross State Domestic Product". Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India. 1 March 2019. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  6. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. "Sub-national HDI – Area Database". Global Data Lab. Institute for Management Research, Radboud University. Archived from the original on 23 September 2018. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  8. "6 – State of Literacy" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals – India (Report). pp. 108. 111. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 July 2015. Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  9. "Census 2011 (Final Data) – Demographic details, Literate Population (Total, Rural & Urban)" (PDF). Planning Commission, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 January 2018. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
  10. "India's caste census becomes election faultline as opposition targets Narendra Modi". Retrieved 2024-05-08.