State of India
|• Legislature||Unicameral (295* seats)|
|• Total||243,286 km2 (93,933 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|Official languages||Hindi · Urdu · English|
|^* 294 elected, 1 nominated|
The population of the state is 199,581,477 (census 2011). Uttar Pradesh has more people than any other state of India. It covers an area of 93,933 mi² (243,286 km²). It is bigger than the United Kingdom but smaller than Guinea. In traditional Indian geography it falls under the North Indian zone.
Uttar Pradesh has a long border with Nepal to the north. Next to it are also the Indian states of Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Bihar. There are two geographical main regions:-
- The larger Gangetic Plain in the north: it includes the Ganga-Yamuna Doab; the Ghaghra plains; the Ganga plains and the Terai. It has highly fertile soils and flat topography. There are also many ponds, lakes and rivers.
- The smaller Vindhya Range and plateau region in the south. There are hills, plains, valleys and plateau. It is harder to get water.
Divisions of Uttar PradeshEdit
- Agra Division
- Aligarh Division
- Allahabad Division
- Azamgarh Division
- Bareilly Division
- Basti Division
- Chitrakoot (Dham) Division
- Devipatan Division
- Faizabad Division
- Gorakhpur Division
- Jhansi Division
- Kanpur Division
- Lucknow Division
- Meerut Division
- Mirzapur Division
- Muradabad Division
- Saharanpur Division
- Varanasi Division
Temperature: The average temperatures vary from 12.5–17.5°C (54.5–63.5°F) in January to 27.5–32.5°C (81.5–90.5°F) in May and June. The highest temperature recorded in the State was 49.9°C (121.8°F). It was at Gonda on May 8, 1958.
Rainfall: Rainfall is between 1,000 and 2,000 mm (40–80 inches) in the east and between 600 and 1,000 mm (24–40 inches) in the west. Most of the rain is due to the southwest monsoon. It lasts from June to September. Consequently, floods are a problem during those seasons. They badly damage crops and property.
Droughts: They occur when the monsoon does not come in the usual season. It leads to crop failure.
Railways: Almost all the major cities and even some smaller cities are linked. The state has the largest railway network in the country. Its total length is 8,546 km (2006). It has the sixth largest railway density.
Roadways: The state has the largest road network in the country. The biggest is Maharashtra. There are 31 National Highways (NH). In total they are of 4,942 km (8.5% of total NH length in India). It has the seventh highest road density in the India (1,027 km per 1000 km2 in 2002). It also has the largest surfaced urban road network in the country (50,721 km, as on 2002). Cities of Kanpur, Lucknow, Bareilly, Allahabad, Varanasi, Jhansi, Gorakhpur, Noida, Ghaziabad, Meerut, Mathura, Agra and Ghazipur are connected to many National Highways.
Provincial symbols of Uttar PradeshEdit
Provincial bird of Uttar Pradesh, the Sarus Crane