Delhi (English: //; Hindustani: [ˈdɪlːi] Dillī; Punjabi: [ˈdɪlːi] Dillī; Urdu: [ˈdeɦli] Dēhlī), officially the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), is a city and territory in India. It includes the country's capital New Delhi. It covers an area of 1,484 square kilometres (573 sq mi). It is bigger than the Faroe Islands but smaller than Guadeloupe. Delhi is a part of the National Capital Region, which has 12.5 million residents. The governance of Delhi is like that of a state in India. It has its own legislature, high court and a council of executive ministers. Delhi is a part of Panjab region
|National Capital Territory of Delhi|
|Capital, Delhi Sultanate||1214|
|Largest city, Sikh Empire||1812|
|Capital, British India||1911|
|New Delhi, capital, Dominion of India||1947|
|New Delhi, capital, Republic of India||January 26, 1950|
|National Capital Territory||1 February 1992|
|Named for||Bhai Bhuman Singh Delhil|
|• Body||Government of Delhi|
|• Lt. Governor||Anil Baijal|
|• Chief Minister||Arvind Kejriwal (AAP)|
|• Deputy Chief Minister||Manish Sisodia (AAP)|
|• Legislature||Unicameral (70 seats)|
|• Parliamentary constituencies|
|• Union territory||1,484.0 km2 (573.0 sq mi)|
|• Water||18 km2 (6.9 sq mi)|
|Elevation||200–250 m (650–820 ft)|
|• Union territory||20 million|
|• Density||11,312/km2 (29,298/sq mi)|
|• Urban||16,349,831 (2nd)|
|• Megacity||11,034,555 (2nd)|
|• Metro (includes part of NCR (2018)||28,514,000 (1st)|
|• Additional official|
|• Nominal||₹15.98 lakh crore (US$210 billion)|
|• Nominal Per Capita||₹414,711 (US$5,400)|
|• Metro GDP/PPP (2016)||$370 billion|
|Time zone||UTC+5.30 (IST)|
|Area code||+91 11|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-DL|
|HDI (2019)||0.746 (High) · 5th|
|Sex ratio (2011)||868 ♀/1000 ♂|
Delhi is on the banks of the Yamuna River. Historians have evidence that people have been living in this region since at least the 6th century BC. People also believe that the legendary city of Indraprastha was here. This city has many remains and monuments of historic importance.
The India Gate is a war memorial in Delhi. Following the Bangladesh Liberation war in 1972, a structure consisting of a black marble plinth with a reversed rifle, capped by a war helmet and bounded by four eternal flames, was built beneath the archway. This structure, called Amar Jawan Jyoti (Flame of the Immortal Soldier), has since 1971 served as India's tomb of the unknown soldier.
Delhi was described as the most polluted city in the world in 2023. The air quality index, which measures levels of deadly pollutants such as very small particles known as PM2.5, is often above 400. People who live there would have a life expectancy 12 years longer if the pollution was cut to meet World Health Organization guidelines.
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