Rail transport

conveyance of passengers and goods by way of wheeled vehicles running on rail tracks
(Redirected from Railway)

Rail transport is the movement of passengers and goods using wheeled vehicles called trains, made to run on railway tracks. In most countries, this transportation method helps trade and economic growth. Railways (British English) or railroads (American English) provide an energy-efficient [2] way to transport material over land. The railway tracks are a large part of the system and provide smooth and hard surfaces on which the wheels of the train roll with a little friction. Also, the track spreads the weight of the train which means larger amounts can be carried than with semi-trailer trucks and roads.

Rail transport.
Train station in the city of Mumbai. Railways in India carry about 17 million passengers every year[1] and are one of the busiest in the world

Rail transport started to be important in the Industrial Revolution. In France the areas that adopted steam-power quicker in the mid-1800s got more jobs (122% more) and higher wages than other areas which were slower. [3]

The first railroads were built in England.

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  1. "BBC NEWS - South Asia - Indian railways chug into the future". 30 July 2007.
  2. Railroad Fuel Efficiency Sets New Record Archived 2008-06-04 at the Wayback Machine- American Association of Railroads
  3. Ridolfi, Leonardo; Salvo, Carla; Weisdorf, Jacob (October 2023). "The Effect of Mechanisation on Labour: Evidence from the Diffusion of Steam" (PDF). Warwick University.