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Hindi

language in India
(Redirected from Hindi language)

Hindi is the most commonly spoken language in India. It is the fifth most spoken language in the world with about 182 million native speakers in 1998. The Devanāgarī script is used to write Hindi.

Hindi
हिन्दी
Hindi.svg
The word "Hindi" in Devanagari script
Pronunciation/maːn̪ək ɦin̪d̪iː/
Native toIndia
Significant communities in Nepal
Native speakers
(180 million[1] cited 1991)
Total, including Urdu: 490 million[2]
Indo-European
Devanagari
Hindi Braille
Official status
Official language in
 India
Regulated byCentral Hindi Directorate (India)[4]
Language codes
ISO 639-1hi
ISO 639-2hin
ISO 639-3hin
hin-hin
Linguasphere59-AAF-qf
Brahmi script - Hindi Language
Speaking in Hindi

Hindi is widely written, spoken and understood in North India and some other places in India. In 1997, a survey found that 45% of Indians can speak Hindi. The most common form of Hindi is known as Hindustani. It has taken words from the Dravidian languages of South India, as well as the Arabic, Persian, Turkish, English and Portuguese languages.[source?]

The Hindustani language is almost the same as Urdu, the official language of Pakistan;[5] the main difference is that Urdu is written in the Arabic alphabet. Hindi and Urdu were considered the same language until Pakistan split away from India. However, to this day, both languages are mutually intelligible, meaning their speakers can understand each other without knowing the other language.

Hindi developed from Sanskrit, the ancient language of India. Hindi started to develop in the 7th century as "Apabhramsha" and became stable by the 10th century. Some famous Hindi poets are Tulsidas and Kabir.

Dialects of Hindi include: Avadhi, Braj, Bhojpuri, Bundeli, Bagheli, Chhattisgarhi, Dogri and Marwari.

Hindi is also spoken with regional accents like Haryanvi, Rajasthani and Bengali. Bombay Hindi is spreading because Bollywood films use it.

Hindi Diwas is an annual celebration on 14th September. It commemorates the law of 1949 that made Hindi the legal language of the Republic.

ReferencesEdit

  1. Ethnologue, "Hindi"
  2. BBC: A Guide to Urdu
  3. Hindustani (2005). Keith Brown (ed.). Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics (2 ed.). Elsevier. ISBN 0-08-044299-4.
  4. Central Hindi Directorate regulates the use of Devanagari script and Hindi spelling in India. Source: Central Hindi Directorate: Introduction
  5. "What Languages Are Spoken In Pakistan?". WorldAtlas. Retrieved 2017-10-26.