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Indo-Iranian languages

language family

The Indo-Iranian languages are the largest group of the Indo-European language family. They include the Indo-Aryan (Indic) and Iranian languages. They are mostly spoken in the Indian subcontinent and the Iranian plateau. Originally, they were spoken in Central Asia, to the east of the Caspian Sea.

Eastern Europe, Western Asia, South Asia
Linguistic classification:Indo-European
  • Indo-Iranian
ISO 639-5:iir
Indo-European branches map.png
The general location of Indo-European speakers in Europe and Asia.      Indo-Iranian


Indo-Aryan languagesEdit

Further information: Indo-Aryan languages

There are about 221 Indo-Aryan (Indic) languages, with more than 800 million speakers.

Below are the most widely spoken Indo-Aryan languages.

Iranian languagesEdit

Further information: Iranian languages

There are about 86 Iranian languages, with between 150 to 200 million speakers.

Below are the most widely spoken Iranian languages.

Nuristani, Bangani, and BadeshiEdit

Further information: Nuristani languages and Badeshi language

Some scholars consider the Nuristani and Bangani languages as part of the Indo-Aryan subgroup, but some other scholars consider them as two separate subgroups of Indo-Iranian. The Badeshi language is also an unclassified Indo-Iranian language.


  • Cardona, George. "Indo-Iranian languages". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  • Indo-Iranian. Ethnologue. Retrieved 27 August 2018.