Tajikistan is a country in Central Asia. It was previously part of the Soviet Union. Tajikistan is a republic. The capital city is Dushanbe. The official language is Tajik,which is a dialect of Farsi (Persian).
Republic of Tajikistan
Anthem: Surudi Milli
National anthem of Tajikistan
and largest city
|Official languages||Tajik (Persian) (state)|
|Recognised regional languages||Russian (inter-ethnic communication)|
|Ethnic groups |
|Government||Unitary semi-presidential republic|
|Independence (from the Soviet Union)|
• Establishment of the Samanid Empire
|September 9, 1991|
|December 25, 1991|
|143,100 km2 (55,300 sq mi) (102nd)|
• Water (%)
• 2011 estimate
• 2000 census
|48.6/km2 (125.9/sq mi) (155th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2010 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2013 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2011)|| 0.607|
medium · 127th
|Time zone||UTC+5 (TJT)|
|ISO 3166 code||TJ|
Tajikistan is a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States, the CIS. Tajikistan is eighth in size of CIS countries.
Tajikistan is one of the new countries in South-central Asia. It is west of China, north of Afghanistan and Pakistan, that is separated by a narrow 14 km strip of Tajik claimed land known as the Wakhan Corridor in the Pamirs, east of Uzbekistan and south of Kyrgyzstan.
The climate has hot summers and mild winters.
Almost all of the country (85 percent) is mountainous with river-valleys running across, however high altitude mountains of Pomir are in the eastern part of the country, (which is the west end of the Himalayas). The climate there is semiarid to polar. The mountains cover an area of about 120,000 km2 (46,000 sq mi). There are other countries within the mountain range. The mountains are between 3,600 to 4,400 metres (11,800 to 14,400 ft) high.
In the year 800, Islam came to Tajikistan.
Rahmon Nabiev, who ran the country during Soviet Union in the late 1970s and early 1980s, become its president. He was unable to bring any much needed reforms to the country, and so there were protests in the capital city, Dushanbe. The government responded by organising a pro-government demonstration, mainly made of old Communist Party members and people from the southeast of the country brought to the city. Anti-government protests did not stop, so the government gave weapons to the pro-government demonstrator. Then the Opposition armed themselves.
After this bloody civil war broke out. In which all of the new democratic parties, political organisations and movements together with the political Islamic movements created an alliance, opposing the old communist government and southerners.
After the September 11, 2001 attacks, many American and French Soldiers came into the country.
Tajikistan is divided into 4 provinces.
|Division||ISO 3166-2||Capital||Area (km²)||Pop (2008)|
|Region of Republican Subordination||TJ-RR||Dushanbe||28,600||1,606,900|
- Constitution of the Republic of Tadjikistan, November 6, 1994, Article 2.
- В Таджикистане русскому языку вернули прежний статус
- "Tajikistan". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
- "Human Development Report 2009: Tajikistan". The United Nations. Retrieved 2009-10-18.
- "Kara-Kul Structure, Tajikistan". NASA Earth Observatory. Retrieved 2006-05-25..
- Earth Impact Database
- Population of the Republic of Tajikistan as of 1 January 2008, State Statistical Committee, Dushanbe, 2008 (Russian)