Tajik language

language spoken in Tajikistan

The Tajik language is the official language of Tajikistan. It is a dialect of the Persian language. It was written in the Persian alphabet until 1928. From 1928 to 1939, it was written mostly in the Latin alphabet until the Soviet government forced Tajiks to write their language in Cyrillic in 1939. Since the fall of the Soviet Union, Tajik continues to be written in Cyrillic, although now it can also be written in the Latin alphabet.

Tajik/Tajiki
тоҷикӣ (tojikī)
"Tajik", written in Cyrillic (Tоҷикӣ) and Nastaliq (تاجیکی).svg
"Tojikī" written in Cyrillic script and Persian (Nasta'liq script)
Native toTajikistan and Uzbekistan
EthnicityTajiks
Native speakers
8.4 million (2015 census – 2015)[1]
Cyrillic, Latin
Official status
Official language in
 Tajikistan
Recognised minority
language in
Language codes
ISO 639-1tg
ISO 639-2tgk
ISO 639-3tgk
Glottologtaji1245[2]
Linguasphere58-AAC-ci
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ReferenceEdit

  1. Tajik/Tajiki at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Tajik". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.