List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita

Wikimedia list article

The figures presented here do not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency. Such fluctuations change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference to the standard of living of its population.

Countries by 2019 GDP (nominal) per capita[note 1]
  >$60,000
  $50,000 - $60,000
  $40,000 - $50,000
  $30,000 - $40,000
  $20,000 - $30,000
  $10,000 - $20,000
  $5,000 - $10,000
  $2,500 - $5,000
  $1,000 - $2,500
  $500 - $1,000
  <$500
  No Data

Therefore, these figures should be used with caution. GDP per capita is often considered an indicator of a country's standard of living;[1][2] however, this is problematic because GDP per capita is not a measure of personal income.

Comparisons of national income are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. (See List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita.) PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem but not others; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than GDP per capita. On the whole, PPP per capita figures are more narrowly spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.

Non-sovereign entities (the world, continents, and some dependent territories) and states with limited international recognition (such as Kosovo, Palestine and Taiwan) are included in the list in cases in which they appear in the sources. These economies are not ranked in the charts here, but are listed in sequence by GDP for comparison. In addition, non-sovereign entities are marked in italics.

Note that many of leading GDP-per-capita (nominal) jurisdictions, such as Ireland, are tax havens. Their GDP data are subject to material distortion by the tax planning activities of foreign multinationals. To address this, in 2017 the Central Bank of Ireland created "modified GNI" (or GNI*) as a more appropriate statistic, and the OECD and IMF have adopted it for Ireland.

All data are in current United States dollars. Historical data can be found here.

List of per capita nominal GDP for countries and dependenciesEdit

International Monetary Fund (2021 estimates)[3] World Bank (2019)[4] United Nations (2019)[5]
Rank Country/Territory US$
1   Luxembourg 131,782
2    Switzerland 94,696
3   Ireland 94,556
4   Norway 81,995
5   United States 68,309
6   Denmark 67,218
7   Iceland 65,273
8   Singapore 64,103
9   Australia 62,723
10   Qatar 59,143
11   Sweden 58,977
  Macau 58,004
12   Netherlands 58,003
13   Finland 54,330
14   Austria 53,859
15   Germany 51,860
16   Belgium 50,103
17   San Marino 49,765
18   Canada 49,222
  Hong Kong 49,036
19   Israel 47,602
20   New Zealand 47,499
21   United Kingdom 46,344
22   France 44,995
23   Japan 42,928
24   United Arab Emirates 35,171
26   South Korea 34,866
27   Brunei 33,097
  Puerto Rico 32,233
  Taiwan 32,123
28   Malta 31,576
29   Spain 30,996
30   Bahamas 30,070
31   Cyprus 29,551
32   Slovenia 28,104
33   Estonia 26,470
34   Czech Republic 25,732
35   Kuwait 25,290
36   Portugal 25,065
37   Bahrain 24,294
  Aruba 22,852
38   Saudi Arabia 22,700
39   Lithuania 22,245
40   Slovakia 21,529
41   Latvia 19,824
42   Greece 19,673
43   Hungary 18,075
44   Poland 16,930
45   Croatia 16,247
46   Oman 16,212
47   Barbados 16,036
48   Trinidad and Tobago 15,752
49   Uruguay 15,653
50   Chile 15,617
51   Romania 14,968
52   Saint Kitts and Nevis 14,402
53   Antigua and Barbuda 13,824
54   Panama 13,690
55   Palau 12,850
56   China 11,819
57   Costa Rica 11,806
58   Maldives 11,801
59   Russia 11,654
60   Malaysia 11,604
61   Bulgaria 11,321
62   Nauru 10,125
63   Kazakhstan 9,828
64   Saint Lucia 9,816
65   Seychelles 9,666
66   Mauritius 9,639
67   Turkey 9,327
68   Mexico 9,246
69   Guyana 9,192
70   Grenada 9,171
71   Argentina 9,122
72   Montenegro 9,064
73   Turkmenistan 9,032
74   Serbia 8,748
75   Gabon 8,601
76   Equatorial Guinea 8,074
77   Iran 8,034
78   Dominican Republic 7,951
79   Botswana 7,817
80   Thailand 7,702
81   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,212
82   Brazil 7,011
83   Dominica 6,989
84   Bosnia and Herzegovina 6,728
85   Peru 6,678
86   North Macedonia 6,657
87   Belarus 6,487
88   Albania 5,991
89   Colombia 5,753
90   Ecuador 5,665
91   South Africa 5,444
92   Jamaica 5,328
93   Paraguay 5,146
94   Tuvalu 5,116
95   Tonga 5,081
96   Fiji 5,069
97   Azerbaijan 4,883
  Kosovo 4,856
98   Moldova 4,638
99   Iraq 4,632
100   Guatemala 4,439
101   Namibia 4,371
102   Georgia 4,361
103   Jordan 4,358
104   Indonesia 4,256
105   Marshall Islands 4,206
106   Mongolia 4,172
107   Armenia 4,125
108   El Salvador 4,031
109   Suriname 4,030
110   Ukraine 3,984
111   Belize 3,970
112   Egypt 3,832
113   Sri Lanka 3,830
114   Federated States of Micronesia 3,821
115   Swaziland 3,710
116   Tunisia 3,683
117   Samoa 3,672
118   Philippines 3,646
119   Bolivia 3,624
120   Libya 3,617
121   Vietnam 3,609
122   Cape Verde 3,555
123   Morocco 3,415
124   Algeria 3,364
125   Bhutan 3,296
126   Djibouti 3,214
  Palestine 3,156
127   Vanuatu 2,957
128   Syria (2010) 2,807
129   Lebanon (2020) 2,802
130   Laos 2,773
131   Papua New Guinea 2,737
132   Honduras 2,586
133   Ivory Coast 2,567
134   Republic of the Congo 2,505
135   Solomon Islands 2,455
136   Nigeria 2,432
137   Ghana 2,374
138   India 2,191
139   Mauritania 2,179
140   São Tomé and Príncipe 2,174
141   Kenya 2,129
142   Bangladesh 2,122
143   Angola 2,080
144   Haiti 1,943
145   Kiribati 1,917
146   Nicaragua 1,877
147   Uzbekistan 1,775
148   Cambodia 1,720
149   Zimbabwe 1,684
150   Cameroon 1,649
151   Senegal 1,622
152   Venezuela 1,542
153   Myanmar 1,423
154   Comoros 1,420
155   Benin 1,388
156   Timor-Leste 1,285
157   Pakistan (2020) 1,260
158     Nepal 1,236
159   Lesotho 1,178
160   Guinea 1,141
161   Kyrgyzstan 1,123
162   Tanzania 1,104
163   Togo 1,016
164   Mali 983
165   Zambia 974
166   Uganda 972
167   Ethiopia 952
168   Guinea-Bissau 888
169   Burkina Faso 876
170   Gambia 834
171   Rwanda 821
172   Tajikistan 810
173   Sudan 787
174   Yemen 754
175   Chad 741
176   Liberia 700
177   Niger 633
178   Eritrea 625
179   Afghanistan 592
180   Democratic Republic of the Congo 588
181   Central African Republic 552
182   Sierra Leone 542
183   Madagascar 521
184   Malawi 432
185   Mozambique 425
186   Somalia 347
187   South Sudan 315
188   Burundi 265
188   Italy 200
Rank Country/Territory US$
1   Monaco (2018) 185,741
2   Liechtenstein (2017) 173,356
3   Luxembourg 114,705
  Macau 84,096
4    Switzerland 81,994
5   Ireland 78,661
6   Norway 75,420
7   Iceland 66,945
8   United States 65,281
9   Singapore 65,233
10   Qatar 64,782
11   Denmark 59,822
12   Australia 54,907
13   Netherlands 52,448
14   Sweden 51,610
15   Austria 50,277
  Hong Kong 48,756
16   Finland 48,686
17   San Marino (2018) 48,481
18   Germany 46,259
19   Canada 46,195
20   Belgium 46,117
21   Israel 43,641
22   United Arab Emirates 43,103
23   United Kingdom 42,300
24   New Zealand 42,084
25   Andorra 40,886
26   France 40,494
27   Japan 40,247
  European Union 34,843
28   Italy 33,190
29   Bahamas, The 32,934
  Puerto Rico 32,874
30   Kuwait 32,032
31   Korea, South 31,762
32   Brunei 31,087
33   Spain 29,614
34   Malta 29,416
35   Cyprus 27,858
36   Slovenia 25,739
37   Estonia 23,660
38   Bahrain 23,504
39   Czech Republic 23,495
40   Portugal 23,145
41   Saudi Arabia 23,140
42   Saint Kitts and Nevis 19,897
43   Greece 19,583
44   Lithuania 19,456
45   Slovakia 19,329
46   Barbados 18,148
47   Latvia 17,836
48   Antigua and Barbuda 17,790
49   Seychelles 17,402
50   Trinidad and Tobago 17,277
51   Hungary 16,476
52   Uruguay 16,190
54   Palau 15,859
55   Panama 15,731
56   Poland 15,595
57   Oman 15,474
58   Chile 14,897
59   Croatia 14,853
60   Romania 12,920
61   Costa Rica 12,238
62   Saint Lucia 11,611
63   Russia 11,585
  World 11,429
64   Malaysia 11,415
65   Mauritius 11,204
66   Grenada 10,966
67   Maldives 10,791
68   China 10,262
69   Argentina 10,006
70   Mexico 9,863
71   Bulgaria 9,738
72   Kazakhstan 9,731
73   Nauru 9,397
74   Turkey 9,043
75   Montenegro 8,832
76   Cuba (2018) 8,822
77   Brazil 8,717
78   Dominica 8,300
79   Dominican Republic 8,282
80   Equatorial Guinea 8,132
81   Botswana 7,961
82   Thailand 7,808
83   Lebanon 7,784
84   Libya 7,684
85   Gabon 7,667
86   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,464
87   Serbia 7,402
88   Peru 6,978
89   Turkmenistan 6,967
90   Suriname 6,855
91   Belarus 6,663
92   Colombia 6,432
93   Fiji 6,220
94   Ecuador 6,184
95   North Macedonia 6,093
96   Bosnia and Herzegovina 6,073
97   Iraq 5,855
98   Iran 5,701
99   Jamaica 5,582
100   South Africa 5,520
101   Guyana 5,468
102   Paraguay 5,415
103   Albania 5,353
104   Namibia 4,958
105   Belize 4,815
106   Azerbaijan 4,794
107   Georgia 4,769
108   Armenia 4,623
109   Guatemala 4,620
110   Moldova 4,499
  Kosovo 4,418
111   Tonga (2018) 4,364
112   Jordan 4,330
113   Samoa 4,316
114   Mongolia 4,295
115   El Salvador 4,187
116   Indonesia 4,136
117   Tuvalu 4,059
118   Algeria 3,948
119   Sri Lanka 3,853
120   Eswatini 3,837
121   Marshall Islands (2008) 3,788
122   Ukraine 3,659
123   Cape Verde 3,604
124   Micronesia (2018) 3,568
125   Bolivia 3,552
126   Philippines 3,485
127   Djibouti 3,409
128   Tunisia 3,318
129   Bhutan (2008) 3,243
130   Morocco 3,204
  West Bank and Gaza (2008) 3,199
131   Vanuatu 3,058
132   Egypt 3,020
133   Angola 2,974
134   Papua New Guinea 2,845
135   Vietnam 2,715
136   Honduras 2,575
137   Laos 2,535
138   Côte d'Ivoire 2,286
139   Nigeria 2,230
140   Ghana 2,202
141   Solomon Islands 2,128
142   India 2,104
143   Syrian Arab Republic (2007) 2,033
144   Congo, Republic of the 2,011
145   São Tomé and Príncipe 1,995
146   Nicaragua 1,913
147   Bangladesh 1,909
148   Kenya 1,817
149   Uzbekistan 1,725
150   Mauritania 1,678
151   Kiribati 1,655
152   Cambodia 1,643
153   Cameroon 1,498
154   Zimbabwe 1,464
155   Senegal 1,447
156   Myanmar 1,408
157   Comoros 1,394
158   Pakistan 1,349
159   Kyrgyzstan 1,309
160   East Timor 1,294
161   Zambia 1,291
162   Benin 1,219
163   Lesotho 1,158
164   Tanzania 1,122
165     Nepal 1,071
166   Guinea 1,064
167   Yemen 968
168   Mali 891
169   Tajikistan 871
170   Ethiopia 858
171   Rwanda 802
172   Uganda 777
173   Burkina Faso 775
174   Haiti 755
175   Gambia, The 751
176   Chad 710
177   Guinea-Bissau 698
178   Togo 676
179   Liberia 622
180   Niger 555
181   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 545
182   Madagascar 522
183   Sierra Leone 505
184   Afghanistan 502
185   Mozambique 492
186   Central African Republic 468
187   Sudan 442
188   Malawi 412
189   Burundi 261
Rank Country/Territory US$
1   Monaco 190,532
2   Liechtenstein 179,258
3   Luxembourg 115,481
  Bermuda 117,768
  Cayman Islands 92,692
4    Switzerland 85,135
  Macau 84,097
5   Ireland 81,637
6   Norway 74,986
7   Iceland 71,345
8   United States 65,134
9   Qatar 64,782
10   Singapore 64,103
11   Denmark 60,657
12   Australia 54,763
  Greenland 53,353
13   Netherlands 53,053
14   Sweden 52,896
15   Austria 49,701
  Hong Kong 49,180
16   Finland 48,678
  Virgin Islands, British 48,511
17   San Marino 47,313
18   Canada 46,550
19   Israel 46,376
20   Germany 46,232
21   Belgium 46,198
22   New Zealand 43,264
23   United Arab Emirates 43,103
24   United Kingdom 41,855
25   Andorra 40,887
26   France 40,319
27   Japan 40,063
  Puerto Rico 35,791
  New Caledonia 34,942
28   Bahamas, The 34,864
29   Malta 33,752
30   Italy 33,090
31   Korea, South 32,143
32   Kuwait 31,999
  Turks and Caicos Islands 31,353
33   Brunei 31,086
  Aruba 30,975
34   Spain 29,816
  Europe 28,896
35   Cyprus 28,285
  Americas 28,239
36   Slovenia 26,062
  Anguilla 25,529
37   Estonia 23,740
38   Bahrain 23,504
39   Czech Republic 23,452
40   Portugal 23,350
41   Saudi Arabia 23,140
  Cook Islands 21,603
  French Polynesia 21,567
42   Saint Kitts and Nevis 19,896
43   Lithuania 19,795
44   Greece 19,604
45   Slovakia 19,256
  Curaçao 18,980
46   Barbados 18,149
47   Latvia 17,885
48   Seychelles 17,382
49   Antigua and Barbuda 17,113
50   Hungary 16,879
51   Trinidad and Tobago 16,637
52   Uruguay 16,190
53   Panama 15,728
54   Poland 15,727
55   Palau 15,572
56   Oman 15,343
57   Chile 14,896
58   Croatia 14,627
  Montserrat 13,487
59   Romania 12,914
60   Costa Rica 12,238
61   Nauru 12,351
62   Saint Lucia 11,611
63   Russia 11,606
64   Malaysia 11,414
  World 11,339
65   Mauritius 11,169
66   Grenada 10,818
67   Maldives 10,626
68   Argentina 10,041
69   China 10,004
70   Mexico 9,849
71   Kazakhstan 9,793
72   Bulgaria 9,703
73   Cuba 9,296
74   Turkey 9,127
75   Montenegro 8,825
76   Brazil 8,755
  Central America 8,606
  South America 8,238
77   Dominican Republic 8,282
78   Equatorial Guinea 8,130
79   Turkmenistan 8,124
80   Dominica 8,111
81   Botswana 7,961
82   Thailand 7,785
83   Lebanon 7,784
84   Gabon 7,773
85   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,464
86   Serbia 7,359
87   Iran 7,282
88   Peru 6,978
89   Belarus 6,674
90   Guyana 6,610
91   Colombia 6,432
92   Suriname 6,360
93   Fiji 6,185
94   Ecuador 6,184
95   Bosnia and Herzegovina 6,109
96   North Macedonia 6,093
97   South Africa 6,001
98   Iraq 5,730
99   Paraguay 5,406
100   Jamaica 5,369
101   Albania 5,303
102   Namibia 4,957
103   Belize 4,884
104   Tonga 4,865
105   Libya 4,810
106   Azerbaijan 4,782
107   Venezuela 4,733
108   Armenia 4,623
  Kosovo 4,473
109   Georgia 4,439
110   Jordan 4,405
111   Guatemala 4,363
112   Mongolia 4,295
113   Samoa 4,285
114   El Salvador 4,187
115   Indonesia 4,136
116   Marshall Islands 4,038
117   Tuvalu 4,036
118   Eswatini 4,002
119   Algeria 3,976
120   Sri Lanka 3,940
121   Micronesia 3,640
122   Cape Verde 3,604
123   Bolivia 3,552
124   Ukraine 3,496
  Palestine 3,424
125   Bhutan 3,361
126   Philippines 3,324
127   Tunisia 3,318
128   Morocco 3,282
129   Djibouti 3,252
130   Egypt 3,161
131   Vanuatu 3,023
132   Moldova 2,957
133   Papua New Guinea 2,845
134   Vietnam 2,715
135   Angola 2,671
136   Laos 2,625
137   Honduras 2,575
138   Nigeria 2,361
139   Congo, Republic of the 2,304
140   Côte d'Ivoire 2,276
  Southeast Asia 2,187
141   Ghana 2,203
142   India 2,116
143   São Tomé and Príncipe 1,961
144   Solomon Islands 1,945
145   Nicaragua 1,913
  Africa 1,884
146   Bangladesh 1,846
147   Kenya 1,817
148   Uzbekistan 1,756
149   Mauritania 1,678
150   Kiribati 1,657
151   Cambodia 1,644
152   East Timor 1,561
153   Cameroon 1,534
154   Zimbabwe 1,464
155   Senegal 1,452
156   Myanmar 1,421
157   Comoros 1,370
158   Kyrgyzstan 1,318
159   Zambia 1,292
160   Benin 1,220
161   Syria 1,194
162   Pakistan 1,187
163   Lesotho 1,158
164   Tanzania 1,084
165     Nepal 1,074
166   Guinea 967
167   Togo 899
168   Tajikistan 894
169   Mali 887
170   Yemen 855
171   Ethiopia 828
172   Rwanda 820
173   Sudan 815
174   Burkina Faso 787
175   Gambia, The 776
176   Uganda 737
177   Haiti 715
178   Chad 707
179   Guinea-Bissau 688
180   Korea, North 640
181   Eritrea 567
182   Niger 555
183   Congo, Democratic Republic of the 545
184   Sierra Leone 528
185   Madagascar 523
186   Liberia 523
187   Mozambique 504
188   Afghanistan 470
189   Central African Republic 468
190   South Sudan 448
191   Malawi 435
192   Burundi 260
193   Somalia 105

Distorted GDP-per-capita for tax havensEdit

Many of leading GDP-per-capita (nominal) jurisdictions are tax havens whose economic data is artificially inflated by tax-driven corporate accounting entries.

For instance, the Irish GDP data above is subject to material distortion by the tax planning activities of foreign multinationals in Ireland. To address this, in 2017 the Central Bank of Ireland created "modified GNI" (or GNI*) as a more appropriate statistic, and the OECD and IMF have adopted it for Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is 143% of 2015 Irish GNI*.

A stunning $12 trillion—almost 40 percent of all foreign direct investment positions globally—is completely artificial: it consists of financial investment passing through empty corporate shells with no real activity. These investments in empty corporate shells almost always pass through well-known tax havens. The eight major pass-through economies—the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Hong Kong SAR, the British Virgin Islands, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Ireland, and Singapore—host more than 85 percent of the world’s investment in special purpose entities, which are often set up for tax reasons.

— "Piercing the Veil", International Monetary Fund, June 2018[6]

Further discussion on this topic can be found in the List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita article.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. O'Sullivan, Arthur
  2. French President seeks alternatives to GDP, The Guardian 14-09-2009.
    "European Parliament, Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy: Beyond GDP Study" (PDF). (1.47 MB)
  3. "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2021". World Economic Outlook. International Monetary Fund. April 2021. Retrieved 7 April 2021.
  4. Data refer mostly to the year 2018.[1] Selecting all countries, GDP per capita (current US$), World Bank. Accessed on 1st of July 2020.
  5. [2], (Select all countries, "GDP, Per Capita GDP - US Dollars", and 2019 to generate table), United Nations Statistics Division. Accessed on 1 December 2020.
  6. "Piercing the Veil, FINANCE & DEVELOPMENT, JUNE 2018, VOL. 55, NO. 2". IMF Finance & Development. June 2018.
  1. Based on the IMF data. If no data was available for a country from IMF, data from the World Bank is used

External linksEdit

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