Eswatini is a country in Africa. It is officially the Kingdom of Eswatini (Umbuso weSwatini). Its capital is Mbabane. The country is named after the 19th-century king Mswati II. Eswatini was colonized by the British and the Boers at the end of the 19th century. It was formerly called Swaziland until April 2018.
Kingdom of Eswatini
Umbuso weSwatini (Swazi)
"We are a fortress"
"We are a mystery"
"We hide ourselves away"
"We are powerful ones"
"Nkulunkulu Mnikati wetibusiso temaSwati"
"Oh God, Bestower of the Blessings of the Swazi'"
|Government||Unitary parliamentary absolute diarchy|
|House of Assembly|
|Independence from the United Kingdom|
|6 September 1968|
|24 September 1968|
|17,364 km2 (6,704 sq mi) (153rd)|
• Water (%)
• 2016 estimate
• 2017 census
|68.2/km2 (176.6/sq mi) (135th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2019 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2019 estimate|
• Per capita
|Gini (2015)|| 49.5|
|HDI (2019)|| 0.611|
medium · 138th
|Time zone||UTC+2 (SAST)|
|ISO 3166 code||SZ|
Eswatini is a small country. It is no more than 200 kilometres (120 mi) north to south and 130 kilometres (81 mi) east to west. It is completely surrounded by land. Eswatini does not touch the sea. The two countries that touch it are Mozambique and South Africa. The country's two largest cities are the administrative capital Mbabane and the economic center Manzini. The seat of government is Lobamba.
Education in Eswatini is free at primary level, mainly 1st and 2nd grades. It is also free for orphaned and vulnerable children. Children are not required to attend. In 1996, the primary school enrollment rate was 90.8%. Girls and boys both attended at the primary level. In 1998, 80.5% of children reached grade five.
The University of Eswatini provides higher education.
Most of Eswatini’s people are ethnically Swazi. There is also a small number of Zulu and white Africans, mostly people of British and Afrikaner descent. Eswatini also has some Portuguese settlers and African refugees from Mozambique.
82.70% of the people are Christian. Christianity in Eswatini is sometimes mixed with traditional beliefs and practices. Some people think of the king as having a spiritual role. Eswatini also has a small Muslim minority.
Eswatini is divided into four districts:
The cities in Eswatini are:
|Rank||City||Census 1986||Census 1997||Calc. 2005||District|
- "Laws" (PDF). www.wipo.int. Retrieved 2019-12-27.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 September 2019. Retrieved 29 September 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Constitution" (PDF). www.gov.sz. Retrieved 2019-12-27.
- "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
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- "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". www.imf.org.
- "Swaziland – Country partnership strategy FY2015-2018". World Bank. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
- "Human Development Reports – Eswatini (Kingdom of) – Human Development Indicators". United Nations Development Programme. May 2021. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
- Kuper, Hilda (1963). The Swazi: a South African kingdom. Internet Archive. Holt, Rinehart and Winston. pp. 10–13. ISBN 978-0-03-042615-5.CS1 maint: date and year (link)
- "Swaziland king changes the country's name". BBC News. 2018-04-19. Retrieved 2018-04-19.
- "2001 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor". Bureau of International Labor Affairs, U.S. Department of Labor. 2002. Archived from the original on 15 May 2009. Retrieved 29 December 2009.
- U.S. Department of State. "Background Note:Swaziland". Retrieved 29 December 2009.
- M. Paul Lewis (2009). "Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition". Retrieved 29 December 2009.
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