Eswatini (or Swaziland) is a country in Africa. It is officially the Kingdom of Eswatini (Umbuso weSwatini). It was called Swaziland until April 2018.
Kingdom of Eswatini
Umbuso weSwatini (Swazi)
"We are a fortress"
"We are a mystery"
"We hide ourselves away"
"We are powerful ones"
"Nkulunkulu Mnikati wetibusiso temaSwati"
"Oh God, Bestower of the Blessings of the Swazi'"
26°30′S 31°30′E / 26.500°S 31.500°ECoordinates: 26°30′S 31°30′E / 26.500°S 31.500°E
|Government||Unitary parliamentary absolute diarchy|
|House of Assembly|
|Independence from the United Kingdom|
|6 September 1968|
|24 September 1968|
|17,364 km2 (6,704 sq mi) (153rd)|
• Water (%)
• 2021 estimate
• 2017 census
|68.2/km2 (176.6/sq mi) (135th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2019 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2019 estimate|
• Per capita
|Gini (2015)|| 49.5|
|HDI (2019)|| 0.611|
medium · 138th
|Time zone||UTC+2 (SAST)|
|ISO 3166 code||SZ|
Its capital is Mbabane. The country is named after the 19th-century king Mswati II. Eswatini was colonized by the British and the Boers at the end of the 19th century.
Eswatini is a small country. It is no more than 200 kilometres (120 mi) north to south and 130 kilometres (81 mi) east to west. It is completely surrounded by land. Eswatini does not touch the sea. The two countries that touch it are Mozambique and South Africa. The country's two largest cities are the administrative capital Mbabane and the economic center Manzini. The seat of government is Lobamba.
On 19 April 2018, the King of Eswatini Mswati III announced that the Kingdom of Swaziland had renamed itself the Kingdom of Eswatini.
Eswatini is strongly affected by HIV and AIDS. The 2012 CIA World Factbook showed Swaziland with the highest HIV infection rate in the world. Life expectancy is 50 years.
Education in Eswatini is free at primary level, mainly 1st and 2nd grades. It is also free for orphaned and vulnerable children. Children are not required to attend. In 1996, the primary school enrollment rate was 90.8%. Girls and boys both attended at the primary level. In 1998, 80.5% of children reached grade five.
The University of Eswatini provides higher education.
Most of Eswatini’s people are ethnically Swazi. There is also a small number of Zulu and white Africans, mostly people of British and Afrikaner descent. Eswatini also has some Portuguese settlers and African refugees from Mozambique.
82.70% of the people are Christian. Christianity in Eswatini is sometimes mixed with traditional beliefs and practices. Some people think of the king as having a spiritual role. Eswatini also has a small Muslim minority.
Swazi have been subsistence farmers and herders. They now mix such activities with work in the growing urban economy and in government. Some Swazi work in the mines in South Africa.
SiSwati and English are the official languages. SiSwati has 2.5 million speakers and is taught in schools. It is also one of the official languages of South Africa.
About 76,000 people in the country speak Zulu. Tsonga is spoken by about 19,000 people in Swaziland. Afrikaans is also spoken by some residents of Afrikaner descent.
Eswatini is divided into four districts:
The cities in Eswatini are:
|Rank||City||Census 1986||Census 1997||Calc. 2005||District|
- ↑ "Laws" (PDF). www.wipo.int. Retrieved 2019-12-27.
- ↑ "THE CONSTITUTION OF THE KINGDOM OF SWAZILAND ACT" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 September 2019. Retrieved 29 September 2019.
- ↑ "Constitution" (PDF). www.gov.sz. Retrieved 2019-12-27.
- ↑ "World Population Prospects 2022". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
- ↑ "World Population Prospects 2022: Demographic indicators by region, subregion and country, annually for 1950-2100" (XSLX). population.un.org ("Total Population, as of 1 July (thousands)"). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
- ↑ "Swaziland Releases Population Count from 2017 Census". United Nations Population Fund. Archived from the original on 7 August 2018. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". www.imf.org.
- ↑ "Swaziland – Country partnership strategy FY2015-2018". World Bank. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
- ↑ "Human Development Reports – Eswatini (Kingdom of) – Human Development Indicators". United Nations Development Programme. May 2021. Retrieved 18 May 2021.
- ↑ Kuper, Hilda (1963). The Swazi: a South African kingdom. Internet Archive. Holt, Rinehart and Winston. pp. 10–13. ISBN 978-0-03-042615-5.
- ↑ "Swaziland king changes the country's name". BBC News. 2018-04-19. Retrieved 2018-04-19.
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 12.2 "2001 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor". Bureau of International Labor Affairs, U.S. Department of Labor. 2002. Archived from the original on 15 May 2009. Retrieved 29 December 2009.
- ↑ U.S. Department of State. "Background Note:Swaziland". Retrieved 29 December 2009.
- ↑ M. Paul Lewis (2009). "Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition". Retrieved 29 December 2009.