Montenegro (meaning Black Mountain) is a country in Southeastern Europe. It is on the Adriatic Sea, between Albania (to the South) and Croatia to the North. Inland (to the East and South-East) it also has a common border with Serbia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Oj, svijetla majska zoro
Ој, свијетла мајска зоро (Montenegrin Cyrillic)
Oh, Bright Dawn of May
and largest city
|Ethnic groups |
• Speaker of the Parliament
• Crown Princeb
|Nikola II Petrović-Njegoš|
• Duklja was vassal of Byzantine empire in
• Kingdom of Zeta recognition
• Independent dukedom of Montenegro established
• Independent dukedom of Montenegro reestablished
• Principality founded
|1 January 1852|
• Recognition by the Ottoman Empire
• Kingdom proclaimed
|28 August 1910|
3 June 2006
|13,812 km2 (5,333 sq mi) (161st)|
• Water (%)
• 2011 census
|498/km2 (1,289.8/sq mi) (121st)|
|GDP (PPP)||2012 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2012 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2013)|| 0.791|
high · 52nd
|Currency||Euro (€)c (EUR)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
• Summer (DST)
|ISO 3166 code||ME|
The country came to exist when its people decided to split from the country Serbia and Montenegro on May 21, 2006. For most of the 20th century it was part of Yugoslavia. It had also been independent before World War I and existed as a kingdom. Its leader is Filip Vujanović.
The size of the economy's GDP is $4.114 billion and it has a population of 625,000 people. The traditional old capital of Montenegro is Cetinje, but Podgorica is the new one. The country adopted the Euro unilaterally as Montenegro does not have its own currency, but the adoption has raised the national debt to 57 percent of GDP in 2011.
There are 621,873 people in Montenegro in 2020.
- "Language and alphabet Article 13". Constitution of Montenegro. WIPO. 19 October 2007.
Serbian, Bosniac, Albanian and Croatian shall also be in the official use.
- "Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in Montenegro 2011" (PDF). Monstat. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
- "Montenegro". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- "Human Development Report 2011" (PDF). United Nations. 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
- "EU prijeti Crnoj Gori ukidanjem eura: Niste sposobni za našu valutu" [EU threatens revoking the euro from Montenegro: You're not capable enough for our currency] (in Croatian). Index.hr. 2011-06-01. Retrieved 2011-09-09.
- "Statistical Office of Montenegro – MONSTAT". www.monstat.org.