Montenegro

country in southeastern Europe

Montenegro (meaning Black Mountain) is a country in Southeastern Europe. It is on the Adriatic Sea, between Albania (to the South) and Croatia to the North. Inland (to the East and South-East) it also has a common border with Serbia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. For most of the 20th century it was part of Yugoslavia. It had also been independent before World War I and existed as a kingdom. Its leader is Filip Vujanović.

Montenegro
Crna Gora  (Montenegrin)
Црна Гора  (Montenegrin)
Anthem: 
Oj, svijetla majska zoro
Ој, свијетла мајска зоро
(English: "Oh, Bright Dawn of May")
Location of  Montenegro  (green) on the European continent  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Montenegro  (green)

on the European continent  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Podgorica
42°47′N 19°28′E / 42.783°N 19.467°E / 42.783; 19.467
Official languagesMontenegrin[1]
Languages in official use
Ethnic groups
(2011[3])
Religion
(2011)
Demonym(s)Montenegrin
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
• President
Milo Đukanović
Dritan Abazović
• Speaker
Danijela Đurović
LegislatureSkupština
Establishment history
625
1077
1356
1516
1852
1878
1910
1918
1945
1992
2006
Area
• Total
13,812 km2 (5,333 sq mi) (156th)
• Water (%)
2.6
Population
• 2021 estimate
Neutral decrease 620,739[4] (169th)
• Density
45/km2 (116.5/sq mi) (133rd)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
$11.994 billion[5] (149th)
• Per capita
$19,252[5] (63rd)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
$4.790 billion[5] (153rd)
• Per capita
$7,688[5] (73rd)
Gini (2019)Positive decrease 34.1[6]
medium
HDI (2019)Increase 0.829[7]
very high · 48th
CurrencyEuro ()a (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy.
Driving sideright
Calling code+382
ISO 3166 codeME
Internet TLD.me
  1. Adopted unilaterally; Montenegro is not a member of the Eurozone.

HistoryEdit

Montenegro was part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia from 1918 until 1941 when Nazi Germany and the Kingdom of Italy invaded it in 1941.

In 1945 the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes became SFR Yugoslavia (SFRY). This was the time Montenegro became the Socialist Republic of Montenegro, a federated state in Yugoslavia along with Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, and Macedonia.

In 1948, Josip Broz Tito broke up in friendship with Stalin. Yugoslavia decided to become neutral and founded the Non-Aligned Movement.

In 1991, Yugoslavia started to breakup. A country named Serbia and Montenegro was formed in 1992. Montenegro came to exist when its people decided to split from the country Serbia and Montenegro on May 21, 2006.

Today Montenegro is a independent country since the Yugoslav Wars during the 1990s.

The national song is called Oj, svijetla majska zoro
Montenegrin Cyrillic: Ој, свијетла мајска зоро
"Oh, Bright Dawn of May."

Economy and demographicsEdit

The size of the economy's GDP is $4.114 billion and it has 621,873 people in Montenegro in 2020.[8] The traditional old capital of Montenegro is Cetinje, but Podgorica is the new one. The country adopted the Euro unilaterally as Montenegro does not have its own currency, but the adoption has raised the national debt to 57 percent of GDP in 2011.[9]

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Language and alphabet Article 13". Constitution of Montenegro. WIPO. 19 October 2007. The official language in Montenegro shall be Montenegrin. Cyrillic and Latin alphabet shall be equal.
  2. "Language and alphabet Article 13". Constitution of Montenegro. WIPO. 19 October 2007. Serbian, Bosnian, Albanian and Croatian shall also be in the official use.
  3. "Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in Montenegro 2011" (PDF). Monstat. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
  4. "Statistical Office of Montenegro – MONSTAT". www.monstat.org.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". IMF.org. International Monetary Fund. April 2021. Retrieved 19 September 2021.
  6. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income – EU-SILC survey". ec.europa.eu. Eurostat. Retrieved 24 August 2021.
  7. Human Development Report 2020 The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 15 December 2020. pp. 343–346. ISBN 978-92-1-126442-5. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  8. "Statistical Office of Montenegro – MONSTAT". www.monstat.org.
  9. "EU prijeti Crnoj Gori ukidanjem eura: Niste sposobni za našu valutu" [EU threatens revoking the euro from Montenegro: You're not capable enough for our currency] (in Croatian). Index.hr. 2011-06-01. Retrieved 2011-09-09.