Republic of Croatia
Anthem: Lijepa naša domovino
Our beautiful homeland
and largest city
|Ethnic groups |
5.9% others and unspecified
• Prime Minister (republian)
|9th century, independent c. 840|
• Joined Habsburg Empire
|1 January 1527|
|29 October 1918|
• Co-founded Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later renamed Yugoslavia)
|4 December 1918|
|29 November 1943|
• Decision on independence
|25 June 1991|
• Declaration of independence
|8 October 1991|
|56,594 km2 (21,851 sq mi) (126th)|
• Water (%)
• 2011 census
|75.8/km2 (196.3/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
|$80.983 billion (75th)|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
|$64.160 billion (65th)|
• Per capita
high · 46th
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
• Summer (DST)
|ISO 3166 code||HR|
The Republic of Croatia is a small country between the Mediterranean Sea and Central Europe. It was one of the republics of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. It became independent in 1991. It joined the European Union on 1 July 2013.
A very long time ago, in this territory lived Illyrian people. They were ruled by Rome. In the seventh century AD, northern Slavic people came to live in the Balkan peninsula. Austria-Hungary made Croatia free from the Ottoman Empire and was ruled in today's Croatia until 1918. In 1918 it became a part of Yugoslavia which was taken over in World War II. After a small war with Italy a fascist dictatorship formed the Independent State of Croatia in 1941. It was not independent for long. Like all other countries in Central Europe the Nazi Germany had strong influence (see also Jasenovac concentration camp).
In 1945, Croatia became a part of new, communist Yugoslavia (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) which collapsed in 1991. Croatia is now independent for the second time.
Croatia is the 127th largest country in the world. The highest point is the Dinara peak at 1,831 metres (6,007 feet). Thousands of islands are part of Croatia. 48 have people living there year round. The largest islands are Cres and Krk. Major rivers are the Sava, Drava, Kupa and Danube.
There are many deep caves in Croatia. 49 of which are deeper than 250 m (820.21 ft). Croatia's most famous lakes are the Plitvice lakes.
Most of Croatia has a moderately warm and rainy continental climate. Average temperature ranges between −3 °C (27 °F) (in January) and 18 °C (64 °F) (in July). The coldest parts of the country are Lika and Gorski Kotar. The warmest are at the Adriatic coast.
There are 444 protected areas of Croatia. Those include eight national parks, two strict reserves, and ten nature parks. The oldest national park in Croatia is the Plitvice Lakes National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The President of the Republic is the head of state. The President is directly elected to a five-year term. The Constitution limits the President to a maximum of two terms. Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović became president on 15 February 2015.
|County||Seat||Area (km2)||Population at|
|City of Zagreb||Zagreb||641||792,875|
Croatia is one of the richest countries of the Balkan Peninsula and of the former Yugoslavia's countries. But Croatia had also the highest cost prices of the whole Central Europe. The average monthly salary/wages in Croatia standing on 739 euro or nearly $1000 USD.
The retirement age for men is 65 years and for women 60 years. The health care enjoys relative strong protection for the country's inhabitants.
The education is free and required until the child reaches the age of 15. Many choose to continue their studies in high school until the age of 18.
- "Grabar-Kitarovic elected Croatia's first woman president". 12 January 2015. Retrieved 10 December 2016.
- (in Croatian and English) (PDF) Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011, First Results by Settlements. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. June 2011. p. 13. ISSN 1332-0297. http://www.dzs.hr/Hrv_Eng/publication/2011/SI-1441.pdf. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
- "Distribution of family income – Gini index". The World Factbook. CIA. Archived from the original on 23 July 2010. Retrieved 1 September 2009.
- "Human Development Report 2011" (PDF). United Nations. 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011.
- "Croatia to become EU member 1 July 2013". Croatian Times. May 23, 2011. Retrieved November 17, 2011.
- "World Factbook". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
- "EVOLUTION IN EUROPE; Conservatives Win in Croatia". The New York Times. 9 May 1990. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
- "Croatiantimes – Deine Aktien und Trading Zeitung".
- "Regeringens webbplats om mänskliga rättigheter" (PDF). www.manskligarattigheter.se.
- The Croatian government's official website @ vlada.hr
- Basic facts, website of the Croatian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- Croatian National Tourist Board
- General information about Croatia
- Media related to Croatia at Wikimedia Commons
- Croatia travel guide from Wikivoyage