The Danube (Latin name Hister) is the second-longest river in Europe (the Volga is the longest). It is the longest river of the European Union. The river is 2,860 km (1,777 mi) long. Brigach and Breg join together in Donaueschingen (near the Black Forest) to "make" the Danube. The Danube flows through or makes part of the border of 10 countries: Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova and Ukraine. The river ends in the Black Sea through the Danube Delta.
|German: Donau, Slovak: Dunaj, Hungarian: Duna, Croatian: Dunav, Serbian: Дунав, Romanian: Dunăre, Ukrainian: Dunay, Bulgarian: Дунав|
|Countries||Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova, Ukraine|
|- location||Martinskapelle, Black Forest, Germany|
|- elevation||925 m (3,035 ft)|
|- length||43 km (27 mi)|
|- location||St. Georgen, Black Forest, Germany|
|- elevation||1,078 m (3,537 ft)|
|- length||49 km (30 mi)|
|Length||2,860 km (1,777 mi)|
|Basin||157,183 km² (60,689 sq mi)|
Map of the Danube (name places in German)
The Danube is named in many other languages: Esperanto Danubo, Bulgarian Дунав (Dunav), German and Plattdüütsch Donau, Greek Dounavis, Ancient Greek: Ister, Hungarian Duna, Turkish Tuna, Latin Danuvius or Danubius, Romanian Dunăre, Croatian Dunav, Serbian Дунав, Slovak Dunaj, Ukrainian Dunay.
There are three artificial waterways built on the Danube:
- the Danube-Tisa-Danube Canal (DTD) in the Banat and Bačka regions (Vojvodina, in the northern province of Serbia)
- the 64 km Danube-Black Sea Canal, between Cernavodă and Constanţa (Romania) finished in 1984, shortens the distance to the Black Sea by 400 km
- the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal (about 171 km), finished in 1992, linking the North Sea to the Black Sea.