river in Russia; longest river in Europe
(Redirected from Volga River)

The Volga is the longest river in Europe.[1] In Russian it is called Волга, in the Tatar language its name is İdel.

The Volga
Volga River (Волга)
Volga Ulyanovsk-oliv.jpg
The Volga at Ulyanovsk
Country Russiavonnis
 - left Kama River
 - right Oka River
Cities Astrakhan, Volgograd, Saratov, Samara, Kazan, Ulyanovsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Yaroslavl, Tver
 - location Valdai Hills, Tver Oblast
 - elevation 225 m (738 ft)
Mouth Caspian Sea
 - elevation −28 m (−92 ft)
Length 3,530 km (2,193 mi)
Basin 1,380,000 km² (532,821 sq mi)
Discharge for Astrakhan
 - average 8,060 /s (284,636 cu ft/s)
Map of the Volga watershed
Map of the Volga watershed

Many people see it as the national river of Russia. It flows through the western part of the country. It is Europe's longest river, with a length of 3,530 kilometres,[2] and forms the core of the largest river system in Europe.

It rises in the Valdai Hills of Russia, 225m above sea level north-west of Moscow. The Kama, Oka, Vetluga and the Sura are its main tributaries. The Volga and its tributaries form the Volga river system, which drains an area of about 1.35 million square kilometres in Russia. The Volga Delta has a length of about 160 kilometres. It includes 555 channels and small streams. It is the largest estuary in Europe. It is the only place in Russia where pelicans, flamingoes, and lotuses may be found. The Volga freezes for most of its length for three months each year. Some of the biggest reservoirs in the world can be found along the river.


  1. "The Volga River". Rivers of Life. Center for Global Environmental Education - Hamline University Graduate School of Education. 2001. Retrieved 2008-10-24.
  2. "Volga Longest River In Europe". ArrestedWorld. Retrieved 2020-10-28.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)