city in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia

Kazan (Russian: Каза́нь, IPA: [kɐˈzanʲ]; Tatar: Казан) is the capital city of Tatarstan and one of Russia's largest cities. It is a major industrial, commercial and cultural center, and remains the most important center of Tatar culture. Kazan lies at the meeting of the Volga (İdel) and Kazanka (Qazansu) rivers in central European Russia.

City of republic significance
Left to right, top to bottom: Spasskaya Tower, Söyembikä Tower, Qol Sharif Mosque, Farmers' Palace, Epiphany Cathedral, view of Kazan
Left to right, top to bottom: Spasskaya Tower, Söyembikä Tower, Qol Sharif Mosque, Farmers' Palace, Epiphany Cathedral, view of Kazan
Flag of Kazan
Coat of arms of Kazan
Location of Kazan
Kazan is located in Russia
Location of Kazan
Kazan is located in Tatarstan
Kazan (Tatarstan)
Coordinates: 55°47′47″N 49°06′32″E / 55.79639°N 49.10889°E / 55.79639; 49.10889
Federal subjectTatarstan
Founded1005(see text)
 • BodyCity Duma[1]
 • Mayor[2]Ilsur Metshin[2]
 • Total425.3 km2 (164.2 sq mi)
60 m (200 ft)
 • Total1,143,535
 • Estimate 
1,243,500 (+8.7%)
 • Rank8th in 2010
 • Density2,700/km2 (7,000/sq mi)
 • Subordinated tocity of republic significance of Kazan
 • Capital ofRepublic of Tatarstan[6]
 • Capital ofcity of republic significance of Kazan
 • Urban okrugKazan Urban Okrug
 • Capital ofKazan Urban Okrug
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[7])
Postal code(s)[8]
Dialing code(s)+7 843[9]
OKTMO ID92701000001
City Day30 August[10]
Twin townsJūrmala, Antalya, Jeddah, Istanbul, Brunswick, Bryan, College Station, Hyderabad, Urbino, Astana, Astrakhan, Krasnoyarsk, Chelyabinsk, VeronaEdit this on Wikidata

Name change

The origin of the name is unclear. The literal translation of Tatar qazan is a boiler or cauldron. Or, it may have come from qazğan, Tatar for dug [ditch].

"Qazan" is originally a name for a special cooking pan, a kind of a wok, but heavier. It was believed that the city of Kazan is named after this object because of its geographical similarity with a "qazan"-pan; namely the city is in a U - shape lowland.

Another, more romantic legend tells a story of a Tatar princess Söyembikä, who dropped a golden dish (golden qazan) into the river on which the city is located while washing it.

Nevertheless, Chuvash legends refer to Bulgarian prince Khusan (Chuvash rendering of Muslim name Hassan) and Chuvashes call this city Хусан after the name of this prince.

History change

In 2021, nine people were killed in a mass shooting.

Images change

References change

  1. Official website of Kazan. Kazan City Duma Archived 4 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  2. 2.0 2.1 Official website of the Mayor of Kazan Archived 3 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  3. площадь собственно города, Федеральная служба государственной статистики Archived 15 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  4. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  5. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  6. "Welcome to the Republic of Tatarstan". tatarstan.ru. Archived from the original on 16 September 2017. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  7. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  8. "Kazan Russia - a thousand-year Russian city travel guide". aboutkazan.com. Archived from the original on 28 August 2007. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  9. "Current Local Time in Kazan, Russia". www.timeanddate.com. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  10. "ARCHIVED COPY". Archived from the original on 8 December 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Other websites change

  Media related to Kazan at Wikimedia Commons