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city in the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia

Kazan (Russian: Каза́нь, IPA: [kɐˈzanʲ]; Tatar: Казан) is the capital city of Tatarstan and one of Russia's largest cities. It is a major industrial, commercial and cultural center, and remains the most important center of Tatar culture. Kazan lies at the confluence of the Volga (İdel) and Kazanka (Qazansu) rivers in central European Russia.


City of republic significance
Other transcription(s)
 • TatarКазан
Left to right, top to bottom: Spasskaya Tower; Söyembikä Tower; Qol Sharif Mosque; Farmers' Palace; Epiphany Cathedral; View of Kazan
Left to right, top to bottom: Spasskaya Tower; Söyembikä Tower; Qol Sharif Mosque; Farmers' Palace; Epiphany Cathedral; View of Kazan
Flag of Kazan
Coat of arms of Kazan
Coat of arms
Location of Kazan
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Coordinates: 55°47′47″N 49°06′32″E / 55.79639°N 49.10889°E / 55.79639; 49.10889Coordinates: 55°47′47″N 49°06′32″E / 55.79639°N 49.10889°E / 55.79639; 49.10889
Federal subjectTatarstan
Founded1005(see text)
 • BodyCity Duma[1]
 • Mayor[2]Ilsur Metshin[2]
 • Total425.3 km2 (164.2 sq mi)
60 m (200 ft)
 • Total1,143,535
 • Estimate 
1,243,500 (+8.7%)
 • Rank8th in 2010
 • Density2,700/km2 (7,000/sq mi)
 • Subordinated tocity of republic significance of Kazan
 • Capital ofRepublic of Tatarstan[6]
 • Capital ofcity of republic significance of Kazan
 • Urban okrugKazan Urban Okrug
 • Capital ofKazan Urban Okrug
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[7])
Postal code(s)[8]
Dialing code(s)+7 843[9]
City DayAugust 30[10]
Twin townsJūrmala, Antalya, Jeddah, Istanbul, Brunswick, Bryan, College Station, Hyderabad, Urbino, Nur-Sultan, Astrakhan, Krasnoyarsk, ChelyabinskEdit this on Wikidata
OKTMO ID92701000001



The origin of the name is unclear. The literal translation of Tatar qazan is a boiler or cauldron. Alternately, it may have been derived from qazğan, Tatar for dug [ditch].

"Qazan" is originally a name for a special cooking pan, a variant of a wok, but more solid and heavier. It was believed that the city of Kazan is named after this object because of its geographical similarity with a "qazan"-pan; namely the city is situated in a U - shape lowland.

Another, more romantic legend tells a story of a Tatar princess Söyembikä, who dropped a golden dish (golden qazan) into the river on which the city is located while washing it.

Nevertheless, Chuvash legends refer to Bulgarian prince Khusan (Chuvash rendering of Muslim name Hassan) and Chuvashes call this city Хусан after the name of this prince.



  1. Official website of Kazan. Kazan City Duma Archived March 4, 2012, at the Wayback Machine (Russian)
  2. 2.0 2.1 Official website of the Mayor of Kazan Archived September 3, 2011, at the Wayback Machine (Russian)
  3. площадь собственно города, Федеральная служба государственной статистики Archived November 15, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  4. "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1[[Category:Articles containing Russian-language text]]" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help); URL–wikilink conflict (help)
  6. "Welcome to the Republic of Tatarstan". Archived from the original on September 16, 2017. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
  7. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  8. "Kazan Russia - a thousand-year Russian city travel guide". Archived from the original on August 28, 2007. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
  9. "Current Local Time in Kazan, Russia". Archived from the original on February 9, 2014. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
  10. [1] Archived December 8, 2009, at the Wayback Machine

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Kazan at Wikimedia Commons