Volgograd formerly called Tsaritsyn (1589–1925) and Stalingrad (1925–1961) is an industrial city of great importance and the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. It is 80 km long, north to south, on the western bank of the Volga River and has a population of over 1.011 millon people. The city was made famous for its heroic resistance and bloody siege during the Battle of Stalingrad taking place during World War II.
|Federal subject||Volgograd Oblast|
|City status since||the end of the|
|• Body||City Duma|
|• Head||Alexander Chunakov[source?]|
|• Total||859 km2 (332 sq mi)|
|Elevation||80 m (260 ft)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||12th in 2010|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)|
|• Subordinated to||city of oblast significance of Volgograd|
|• Capital of||Volgograd Oblast, city of oblast significance of Volgograd|
|• Urban okrug||Volgograd Urban Okrug|
|• Capital of||Volgograd Urban Okrug|
|Time zone||UTC+4 (MSK+1 )|
400000–400002, 400005–400012, 400015–400017, 400019–400023, 400026, 400029, 400031–400034, 400036, 400038–400040, 400042, 400046, 400048–400055, 400057–400059, 400062–400067, 400069, 400071–400076, 400078–400082, 400084, 400086–400089, 400093, 400094, 400096–400098, 400105, 400107, 400108, 400110–400112, 400117, 400119–400125, 400127, 400131, 400136–400138, 400700, 400880, 400890, 400899, 400921–400942, 400960–400965, 400967, 400970–400979, 400990–400993
|Dialing code(s)||+7 8442|
|City Day||Second Sunday of September|
|Twin towns||Coventry, Ostrava, Kemi, Liège, Dijon, Turin, Port Said, Chennai, Hiroshima, Reinickendorf, Chemnitz, Ruse, Jilin City, Kruševac, Tiraspol, Płońsk, Sandanski, Orlando, Olevano Romano, Cleveland, Toronto, Chengdu, Yerevan, İzmir, Ortona, Cologne, Kyiv, Constanța|
Volgograd developed from 1589 when the fortress of Tsaritsyn was founded at the confluence of the Tsaritsa and Volga Rivers. During the Russian Civil War the city was the scene of heavy fighting. Bolshevik forces occupied it during 1918, but were attacked by White forces. It was renamed as Stalingrad in 1925.
Under Stalin, the city became heavily industrialized as a centre of heavy industry and trans-shipment by rail and river. During World War II, Stalingrad became the center of the Battle of Stalingrad as well as a turning point in the war against Germany. Essentially, the German offensive was checked at Stalingrad. The Battle of Stalingrad lasted from August 21, 1942 to February 2, 1943, where 1.7 million to 2 million Axis and Soviet soldiers were killed, wounded or captured, in addition to over 40,000 civilians killed. The city was reduced to rubble during the fierce fighting, but reconstruction began soon after the Germans were expelled from the city.
Nikita Khrushchev renamed the city in 1961.
Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit
- Coventry, England, United Kingdom (1943)
- Ostrava, Czech Republic (1948)
- Kemi, Finland (1953)
- Liège, Belgium (1959)
- Dijon, France (1959)
- Turin, Italy (1961)
- Port Said, Egypt (1962)
- Chennai, India (1966)
- Hiroshima, Japan (1972)
- Cologne, Germany (1988)
- Chemnitz, Germany (1988)
- Cleveland, Ohio, United States (1990)
- Toronto, Canada (1991)
- Jilin, China (1994)
- Yerevan, Armenia (1998)
- Chengdu, China (1998)
- Kruševac, Serbia (1999)
- Rousse, Bulgaria (2001)
- Huntingdon, Pennsylvania, United States (2003)
- Orlando, Florida, United States (2008)
- Baku, Azerbaijan (2008) 
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Volgograd.|
- Charter of Volgograd, Preamble
- Official website of Volgograd. Конкурс на создание гимна Волгограда будет проведен повторно (in Russian)
- Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. pp. 81–83. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
- Charter of Volgograd, Article 22
- "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
- "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
- "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
- Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
- Friendly relationship at Official website of Volgograd
- "広島市の姉妹・友好都市". City.hiroshima.jp. Archived from the original on 2009-06-07. Retrieved 2009-07-17.
- "Ruse Municipality - Fraternize Cities". © 2008-2009. Retrieved 2009-07-06.
- Executive power of Baku city
- Official website of Volgograd (in English)
- (in Russian) Official website of Volgograd
- (in Russian) Volgograd.ru — City Web Portal, Local Business and Web Directory, News, Press, Webcams, 3D Mamayev Kurgan
- Over 2,000 original German WWII soldier photographs from the Eastern Front
- Sights of Volgograd
- Photo Gallery from Volgograd Archived 2008-12-21 at the Wayback Machine
- Stalingrad - Bilder einer erbitterten Schlacht (German)