city and administrative center of Volgograd Oblast in southern Russia

Volgograd, formerly called Tsaritsyn (1589–1925) and Stalingrad (1925–1961) is an industrial city of great importance, and the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. It is 80 km long, north to south, on the western bank of the Volga River and has a population of over 1.011 million people. The city was made famous for its heroic resistance and bloody siege during the Battle of Stalingrad taking place during World War II.

Counterclockwise: The Motherland Calls, the railway station, Planetarium, The Metrotram, Panorama of the City, Gerhardt Mill, Mamayev Kurgan
Counterclockwise: The Motherland Calls, the railway station, Planetarium, The Metrotram, Panorama of the City, Gerhardt Mill, Mamayev Kurgan
Flag of Volgograd
Coat of arms of Volgograd
Anthem: none[2]
Location of Volgograd
Volgograd is located in Russia
Location of Volgograd
Volgograd is located in Volgograd Oblast
Volgograd (Volgograd Oblast)
Coordinates: 48°42′N 44°31′E / 48.700°N 44.517°E / 48.700; 44.517
Federal subjectVolgograd Oblast
City status sincethe end of the
18th century[1]
 • BodyCity Duma[4]
 • Head[4]Alexander Chunakov[source?]
 • Total859 km2 (332 sq mi)
80 m (260 ft)
 • Total1,021,215
 • Estimate 
1,013,533 (−0.8%)
 • Rank12th in 2010
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
 • Subordinated tocity of oblast significance of Volgograd
 • Capital ofVolgograd Oblast, city of oblast significance of Volgograd
 • Urban okrugVolgograd Urban Okrug
 • Capital ofVolgograd Urban Okrug
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[7])
Postal code(s)[8]
400000–400002, 400005–400012, 400015–400017, 400019–400023, 400026, 400029, 400031–400034, 400036, 400038–400040, 400042, 400046, 400048–400055, 400057–400059, 400062–400067, 400069, 400071–400076, 400078–400082, 400084, 400086–400089, 400093, 400094, 400096–400098, 400105, 400107, 400108, 400110–400112, 400117, 400119–400125, 400127, 400131, 400136–400138, 400700, 400880, 400890, 400899, 400921–400942, 400960–400965, 400967, 400970–400979, 400990–400993
Dialing code(s)+7 8442
OKTMO ID18701000001
City DaySecond Sunday of September[1]
Twin townsCoventry, Ostrava, Kemi, Liège, Dijon, Turin, Port Said, Chennai, Hiroshima, Reinickendorf, Chemnitz, Ruse, Jilin City, Kruševac, Tiraspol, Płońsk, Sandanski, Orlando, Olevano Romano, Cleveland, Toronto, Chengdu, Yerevan, İzmir, Ortona, Cologne, Constanța, Qujing, KyivEdit this on Wikidata


Coat of Arms of Tsaritsyn(1857)

Volgograd developed from the fortress of Tsaritsyn in 1589. The fortress was at the meof the Tsaritsa and Volga Rivers. During the Russian Civil War the city was the scene of heavy fighting. Bolshevik forces occupied it during 1918, but were attacked by White forces. It was renamed as Stalingrad in 1925.

Under Stalin, the city became heavily industrialized as a centre of heavy industry and trans-shipment by rail and river. During World War II, Stalingrad became the center of the Battle of Stalingrad as well as a turning point in the war against Germany. Essentially, the German offensive was stopped at Stalingrad. The Battle of Stalingrad lasted from August 21, 1942 to February 2, 1943, where 1.7 million to 2 million Axis and Soviet soldiers were killed, wounded or captured, in addition to over 40,000 civilians killed. The city was reduced to rubble during the fierce fighting, but reconstruction began soon after the Germans were expelled from the city.

Nikita Khrushchev renamed the city because of de-Stalinization in 1961.

International relations


Twin towns — Sister cities


As of 2008, Volgograd has 21 sister cities:[9]

A number of communities in France and Italy have streets or avenues named after Stalingrad, hence Place de Stalingrad in Paris and the Paris Métro station of Stalingrad.



  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Charter of Volgograd, Preamble
  2. Official website of Volgograd. Конкурс на создание гимна Волгограда будет проведен повторно (in Russian)
  3. Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. pp. 81–83. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Charter of Volgograd, Article 22
  5. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  6. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  7. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  8. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. Friendly relationship at Official website of Volgograd
  10. "広島市の姉妹・友好都市". City.hiroshima.jp. Archived from the original on 2009-06-07. Retrieved 2009-07-17.
  11. "Ruse Municipality - Fraternize Cities". © 2008-2009. Retrieved 2009-07-06.
  12. Executive power of Baku city

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