city in Wallonia, Belgium

Liège (/liˈɛʒ, liˈʒ/ lee-EZH, lee-AYZH,[2][3][4] French: [ljɛʒ] (audio speaker iconlisten), locally [li.eːʃ]; Walloon: Lidje [liːtʃ]; Dutch: Luik [lœyk]  ( listen); German: Lüttich [ˈlʏtɪç]; Latin: Leodium) is a city in Belgium. It is the cultural centre of the Walloon region of Belgium and the capital of the province of Liège. Liège is also seat of a Roman Catholic bishop. In 2007, 188,907 people lived there.[5]

Lîdje  (Walloon)
Luik  (Dutch)
Lüttich  (German)
TE-Collage Liege.png
Flag of Liège
Coat of arms of Liège
Liège is located in Belgium
Location in Belgium
The municipality of Liège in the province of Liège
Coordinates: 50°38′N 05°34′E / 50.633°N 5.567°E / 50.633; 5.567Coordinates: 50°38′N 05°34′E / 50.633°N 5.567°E / 50.633; 5.567
CommunityFrench Community
 • MayorWilly Demeyer (PS)
 • Governing party/iesPScdH
 • Total68.65 km2 (26.51 sq mi)
 • Total197,355
 • Density2,900/km2 (7,400/sq mi)
Postal codes
Area codes04
Liège and the new train station

It is at 50° 38 North, 05° 34 East.[6]

The first written trace of the city was found in 558 as Leodicum or Vicus Leodicus. From 717, Liege was made the seat of a bishopric and became a cultural centre in the Middle Ages. These bishops ruled the city as Prince-Bishops until the 1790s. In the French Revolution, the cathedral was damaged, partially burned down and then completely detroyed. In the 19th century, the city lived on coal-mining, steel industry and trade. The region was the second biggest economic center in Europe after the UK in the 19th century.

Today Liege is a major educational hub, with a university and many high schools. It is a crossing point in Europe, Liège has the second biggest inner harbour and the 8th biggest cargo airport in Europe (Liège Airport). The city, that had a lot of problems since the 1970s because of the end of the steel industry and coal-mining, is now having a good economy thanks to the logistics and high tech industry (biotechnology, space industry, IT).


  1. "Wettelijke Bevolking per gemeente op 1 januari 2018". Statbel. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. "Liège". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  3. "Liège"[permanent dead link] (US) and "Liège". Oxford Dictionaries UK Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  4. "Liège". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  5. "Werkelijke bevolking per gemeente op 1 januari 2007 / Population de droit par commune au 1 janvier 2007 (.xls)". Archived from the original on 2009-02-06. Retrieved 2008-07-15.
  6. "Geografische coördinaten van de gemeenten (.xls)". Archived from the original on 2008-11-24. Retrieved 2008-07-15.

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