state of the United States of America

Ohio (nicknamed The Buckeye State)[12] is one of the 50 states in the United States. Its capital is Columbus, which is also the largest city in Ohio.

State of Ohio
The Buckeye State;
Birthplace of Aviation; The Heart of It All
Anthem: Beautiful Ohio (1969)[2]
Hang On Sloopy (1985)[3]
Map of the United States with Ohio highlighted
Map of the United States with Ohio highlighted
CountryUnited States
Admitted to the UnionMarch 1, 1803 (17th,
declared retroactively on
August 7, 1953[4])
(and largest city)
Largest metro and urban areasCleveland
Greater Columbus
(see footnotes)[6]
 • GovernorMike DeWine (R)
 • Lieutenant GovernorJon A. Husted (R)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. senatorsSherrod Brown (D)
J. D. Vance (R)
U.S. House delegation12 Republicans
4 Democrats (list)
 • Total44,825 sq mi (116,096 km2)
 • Land40,948 sq mi (106,156 km2)
 • Water3,877 sq mi (10,040 km2)  8.7%
 • Rank34th
 • Length220 mi (355 km)
 • Width220 mi (355 km)
850 ft (260 m)
Highest elevation1,549 ft (472 m)
Lowest elevation455 ft (139 m)
 • Total17,489,100
 • Rank9th
 • Density437/sq mi (165/km2)
  • Rank10th
 • Median household income
 • Income rank
Demonym(s)Ohioan; Buckeye (colloq.)
 • Official languageDe jure: None
De facto: English
 • Spoken languageEnglish 93.3%
Spanish 2.2%
Other 4.5%[10]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
USPS abbreviation
ISO 3166 codeUS-OH
Traditional abbreviationO., Oh.
Latitude38°24′ N to 41°59′ N
Longitude80°31′ W to 84°49′ W
Ohio state symbols
Living insignia
AmphibianSpotted salamander
BirdCardinal (1933)[2]
FlowerRed carnation (1904)[2]
InsectLadybug (1975)[2]
MammalWhite-tailed deer (1987)[2]
ReptileBlack racer snake (1995)[2]
TreeBuckeye (1953)[2]
Inanimate insignia
BeverageTomato juice (1965)[2]
FossilIsotelus maximus, a trilobite (1985)[2]
GemstoneOhio flint (1965)[2]
SloganSo Much to Discover
OtherWild flower: Great white trillium (1986)[2]
Fruit: Pawpaw
State route marker
Ohio state route marker
State quarter
Ohio quarter dollar coin
Released in 2002
Lists of United States state symbols

Other large cities in Ohio are Cleveland, Cincinnati, Dayton, Akron, Toledo, and Youngstown.

Some famous people from Ohio include golfer Jack Nicklaus, Wilbur and Orville Wright, astronauts John Glenn and Neil Armstrong, authors Sherwood Anderson and Toni Morrison,[13] and actors Clark Gable and Katie Holmes. There have also been seven American presidents from Ohio: Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford Hayes, James Garfield, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley, William Howard Taft, and Warren G. Harding.

Ohio is important in elections because it is a swing state. Candidates often campaign a lot there and prior to 2020, the last time they voted for the losing candidate was 1960. Also, no Republican has ever won the presidency without carrying this state. Ohio has both farmland and cities, and is part of the Midwest. Ohio is the 8th most populated state in the United States of America.



Ohio borders Pennsylvania, Michigan, Indiana, Kentucky, and West Virginia, and it shares a water border with Ontario, Canada. Western Ohio is mostly flat farmland, with some hills. Southern and Southeastern Ohio is near the Appalachian Mountains, and is the most mountainous part of the state. Most of this area is covered by forests. This part of Ohio is home to the Ohio River, the Wayne National Forest, and the Hocking Hills, which has waterfalls and canyons.

Central Ohio is mostly rolling hills, and is home to Columbus. Northeast Ohio is dominated by the Lake Erie coast and has a mix of cities and countryside.



For many years, industry and manufacturing was the biggest part of Ohio's economy. Youngstown was a big steel producer, as was Cleveland. Other manufacturing - including the car industry - was a major factor across the state. Since the 1970s, industry has shrank in Ohio, but it is still a big part of the local economy. Today, other businesses are more prominent. Cleveland is one of the biggest hubs for Healthcare, and its main hospital, the famous Cleveland Clinic, is the largest employer in the region. Banking is also a major business, and foods and retail are too. Cincinnati plays host to the headquarters of Fifth Third Bank, Cintas, Kroger, Luxottica, Procter & Gamble and Macy's, whereas, Columbus hosts the headquarters of LBrands, JPMorgan Chase, Huntington Bank, Rogue Fitness, Wendy's, Big Lots, Cardinal Health and Nationwide Insurance. In addition The J.M. Smucker Company and Key Bank are also based in Ohio.



  1. "Ohio's State Motto". Ohio Historical Society. July 1, 2005. Archived from the original on October 6, 2007. Retrieved March 27, 2009.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 "Ohio's State Symbols". Ohio Governor's Residence and State Garden. Archived from the original on April 23, 2009. Retrieved March 26, 2009.
  3. "Ohio's State Rock Song". Ohio Historical Society. July 1, 2005. Archived from the original on February 7, 2009. Retrieved March 27, 2009.
  4. "The Admission of Ohio as a State". United States House of Representatives. Archived from the original on November 10, 2019. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
  5. "Ohio Quick Facts". Ohio Historical Society. Archived from the original on February 8, 2009. Retrieved March 26, 2009.
  6. According to the U.S. Census July 2017 Annual Estimate , Greater Columbus is the largest Metropolitan statistical area (MSA) that is entirely within Ohio, with a population of 2,078,725; and Greater Cincinnati is the largest MSA that is at least partially within Ohio, with a population of 2,179,082, approximately 25% of which is in Indiana or Kentucky. Which MSA is the largest in Ohio depends on the context.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on July 22, 2012. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  9. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  10. Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder—Results". factfinder2.census.gov. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved October 17, 2012.
  11. "Official USPS Abbreviations". United States Postal Service. 1998. Archived from the original on March 28, 2009. Retrieved March 26, 2009.
  12. Edmisten, Mike (18 July 2023). "Discover Why Ohio Is Called the Buckeye State". Retrieved 30 October 2023.
  13. Yost, Laina; Woytach, Carissa (2019-08-06). "'She treasured Lorain, we treasured her': Nobel laureate Toni Morrison dies at 88 (UPDATED/PHOTOS)". The Chronicle-Telegram. Archived from the original on 2019-08-07. Retrieved 2020-10-31.