state of the United States of America

Ohio is one of the 50 states in the United States. Its capital is Columbus. Columbus also is the largest city in Ohio.

CountryUnited States
Admitted to the UnionMarch 1, 1803 (17th,
declared retroactively on
August 7, 1953[1])
Largest metroGreater Cincinnati
Greater Columbus
(see footnotes [2])
 • GovernorMike DeWine (R)
 • Lieutenant GovernorJon Husted (R)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. senatorsSherod Brown (D)
Rob Portman (R)
U.S. House delegation12 Republicans
4 Democrats (list)
 • Total11,689,443 (2,018)
 • Density282/sq mi (109/km2)
 • Median household income
 • Income rank
 • Official languageDe jure: None
De facto: English
 • Spoken languageEnglish 93.3%
Spanish 2.2%
Other 4.5%[4]
Latitude38° 24′ N to 41° 59′ N
Longitude80° 31′ W to 84° 49′ W
Ohio state symbols
Flag of Ohio.svg
Seal of Ohio (Official).svg
Living insignia
AmphibianSpotted salamander
BirdCardinal (1933)[5]
FlowerRed carnation (1904)[5]
InsectLadybug (1975)[5]
MammalWhite-tailed deer (1987)[5]
ReptileBlack racer snake (1995)[5]
TreeBuckeye (1953)[5]
Inanimate insignia
BeverageTomato juice (1965)[5]
FossilIsotelus maximus, a trilobite (1985)[5]
GemstoneOhio flint (1965)[5]
SloganSo Much to Discover
OtherWild flower: Great white trillium (1986)[5]
Fruit: Pawpaw
State route marker
Ohio state route marker
State quarter
Ohio quarter dollar coin
Released in 2002
Lists of United States state symbols

Other large cities in Ohio are Cleveland, Cincinnati, Dayton, Akron, Toledo, and Youngstown.

Some famous people from Ohio include golfer Jack Nicklaus, Wilbur and Orville Wright, author Sherwood Anderson, and actors Clark Gable and Katie Holmes. There have also been seven American presidents from Ohio: Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford Hayes, James Garfield, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley, William Howard Taft, Warren G. Harding. Famous astronauts John Glenn, Neil Armstrong and inventor of the airplane the Wright Brothers were born in Ohio.

Ohio is important in elections because it is a swing state and candidates often campaign a lot there. Ohio has both farmland and cities. It is a part of the Midwest. Ohio is the 7th most populated state in the United States of America (capital Washington D.C.)


Ohio borders Pennsylvania, Michigan, Indiana, Kentucky, and West Virginia, and it shares a water border with Ontario, Canada. Western Ohio is mostly flat farmland, with some hills. Southern and Southeastern Ohio is near the Appalachian Mountains, and is the most mountainous part of the state. Most of this area is covered by forests. This part of Ohio is home to the Ohio River, the Wayne National Forest, and the Hocking Hills, which has waterfalls and canyons.

Central Ohio is mostly rolling hills, and is home to Columbus. Northeast Ohio is dominated by the Lake Erie coast and has a mix of cities and countryside.


For many years, industry and manufacturing was the biggest part of Ohio's economy. Youngstown was a big steel producer, as was Cleveland. Other manufacturing - including the car industry - was a major factor across the state. Since the 1970s, industry has shrank in Ohio, but it is still a big part of the local economy. Today, other businesses are more prominent. Cleveland is one of the biggest hubs for Healthcare, and its main hospital, the famous Cleveland Clinic, is the largest employer in the region. Banking is also a major business, and foods and retail are too. Cincinnati plays host to the headquarters of Fifth Third Bank, Cintas, Kroger, Luxottica, Procter & Gamble and Macy's, whereas, Columbus hosts the headquarters of LBrands, JPMorgan Chase, Huntington Bank, Rogue Fitness, Wendy's, Big Lots, Cardinal Health and Nationwide Insurance. In addition The J.M. Smucker Company and Key Bank are also based in Ohio.

Related pagesEdit


  1. "Creation of the Board of Elections". Mahoning County Board of Elections. Archived from the original on December 1, 2008. Retrieved March 25, 2009.
  2. According to the U.S. Census July 2017 Annual Estimate, Greater Columbus is the largest Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) that is entirely within Ohio, with a population of 2,078,725; and Greater Cincinnati is the largest MSA that is at least partially within Ohio, with a population of 2,179,082, approximately 25% of which is in Indiana or Kentucky. Which MSA is the largest in Ohio depends on the context.
  3. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  4. Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder2.census.gov.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 "Ohio's State Symbols". Ohio Governor's Residence and State Garden. Retrieved March 26, 2009.