William McKinley

president of the United States from 1897 to 1901

William McKinley Jr. (January 29, 1843 – September 14, 1901) was the 25th president of the United States, from 1897 until his assassination in 1901. McKinley was the first president to ride in a car.

William McKinley
McKinley in 1900
25th President of the United States
In office
March 4, 1897 – September 14, 1901
Vice President
Preceded byGrover Cleveland
Succeeded byTheodore Roosevelt
39th Governor of Ohio
In office
January 11, 1892 – January 13, 1896
LieutenantAndrew L. Harris
Preceded byJames E. Campbell
Succeeded byAsa S. Bushnell
Chairman of the
House Ways and Means Committee
In office
March 4, 1889 – March 4, 1891
Preceded byRoger Q. Mills
Succeeded byWilliam M. Springer
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio
In office
March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1891
Preceded byDavid R. Paige
Succeeded byJoseph D. Taylor
Constituency20th district (1885–1887)
18th district (1887–1891)
In office
March 4, 1877 – May 27, 1884
Preceded byLaurin D. Woodworth
Succeeded byJonathan H. Wallace
Constituency17th district (1877–1879)
16th district (1879–1881)
17th district (1881–1883)
18th district (1883–1884)
Personal details
William McKinley Jr.

(1843-01-29)January 29, 1843
Niles, Ohio, U.S.
DiedSeptember 14, 1901(1901-09-14) (aged 58)
Buffalo, New York, U.S.
Cause of deathGangrene from the gunshot wounds
Resting placeMcKinley National Memorial,
Canton, Ohio
Political partyRepublican
(m. 1871)
Children2 daughters (died both at very young ages)
ParentsWilliam McKinley Sr.
Nancy Allison
SignatureCursive signature in ink
Military service
Years of service1861–1865 (American Civil War)
Unit23rd Ohio Infantry
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

Before he became president, McKinley was a congressman of Ohio.



McKinley was inaugurated in 1897. This was the first presidential inauguration to be filmed.[1]

When the USS Maine was sunk, the public wanted war. Congress declared war against Spain in Latin America. This was the Spanish-American War. It started the era of imperialism for the United States.

During his presidency, McKinley also supported higher tariffs (taxes on countries which trade with the US). During his term, the United States annexed Hawaii, Cuba, the Philippines, and Wake Island.

McKinley was elected to a second term as president in 1900. His second term did not last very long.

McKinley was shot by an anarchist named Leon Czolgosz on September 6, 1901. His abdominal gunshot wounds became infected and resulted in gangrene. He died eight days later and Czolgosz said that the President committed war crimes in the Philippines and was an enemy of the people. Czolgosz was executed in the electric chair on October 29, 1901. McKinley was the third American president to be assassinated.

After McKinley's death, his vice president Theodore Roosevelt became president.



McKinley's biographer, H. Wayne Morgan remarks that McKinley died the most beloved president in history.[2]

Kenneth F. Warren emphasizes the national commitment to a pro-business, industrial, and modernizing program, represented by McKinley.[3]

  1. Vice President Hobart died in office. As this was prior to the adoption of the Twenty-Fifth Amendment in 1967, a vacancy in the office of Vice President was not filled until the next ensuing election and inauguration.


  1. "William McKinley". Republican Presidents.net. 2 March 2009. Archived from the original on 28 November 2013. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
  2. Morgan, H. Wayne 2003. William McKinley and his America. Kent, Ohio: The Kent State University Press (revised ed.) ISBN 978-0-87338-765-1
  3. Kenneth F. Warren (2008). Encyclopedia of U.S. Campaigns, Elections, and Electoral Behavior. SAGE. p. 211. ISBN 978-1-4129-5489-1.

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