Grover Cleveland

President of the United States (1885–89; 1893–97)

Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837 – June 24, 1908) was the 22nd and also the 24th president of the United States from 1885 to 1889 and then from 1893 to 1897. He was the only president to serve two terms non-consecutively. Cleveland was also the first Democrat elected as president after the Civil War.[2]

Grover Cleveland
22nd and 24th
President of the United States
In office
March 4, 1893 – March 4, 1897
Vice PresidentAdlai Stevenson I
Preceded byBenjamin Harrison
Succeeded byWilliam McKinley
In office
March 4, 1885 – March 4, 1889
Vice PresidentThomas A. Hendricks (1885)
None (1885–1889)[a]
Preceded byChester A. Arthur
Succeeded byBenjamin Harrison
28th Governor of New York
In office
January 1, 1883 – January 6, 1885
LieutenantDavid B. Hill
Preceded byAlonzo B. Cornell
Succeeded byDavid B. Hill
34th Mayor of Buffalo
In office
January 2, 1882 – November 20, 1882
Preceded byAlexander Brush
Succeeded byMarcus M. Drake
17th Sheriff of Erie County, New York
In office
January 1, 1871 – December 31, 1873[1]
Preceded byCharles Darcy
Succeeded byJohn B. Weber
Personal details
Stephen Grover Cleveland

(1837-03-18)March 18, 1837
Caldwell, New Jersey, U.S.
DiedJune 24, 1908(1908-06-24) (aged 71)
Princeton, New Jersey, U.S.
Resting placePrinceton Cemetery, New Jersey
Political partyDemocratic
Frances Folsom (m. 1886)
Children6, including Ruth ("Baby"), Esther, Richard
ParentsRichard Falley Cleveland
Ann Neal
RelativesRose Cleveland (sister)
Philippa Foot (granddaughter)
SignatureCursive signature in ink

He was known for his honesty, integrity, and having a firm stance against corruption. He believed in small government (he wanted the government to tax less and spend less and was conservative). He used the presidential veto power over 500 times, far more than most other presidents, to reject bills he disagreed with. He did not want the United States to get its military involved in Latin America.

Cleveland was born on March 18, 1837 in Caldwell, New Jersey. He was raised in Cleveland, Ohio. Cleveland studied at New York Institute for the Blind. He was married to Frances Folsom, who was over 20 years younger. In fact, many people expected Cleveland to marry her mother Emma. He was the first president to marry in the White House. They had one child, Ruth Cleveland, during his presidency.

During his second term, he had an emergency surgery for jaw cancer on a boat in the middle of a river to avoid publicity. Cleveland died on June 24, 1908 from a heart attack in Princeton, New Jersey, aged 71.

  1. Vice President Hendricks died in office. As this was prior to the adoption of the Twenty-Fifth Amendment in 1967, a vacancy in the office of Vice President was not filled until the next ensuing election and inauguration.


  1. Nelson, Julie (2003). American Presidents Year by Year. Routledge. p. 334. ISBN 9780765680464.
  2. "Grover Cleveland". White Retrieved November 4, 2013.

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