Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18, 1837 - June 24, 1908) was the 22nd (1885–1889) and also the 24th (1893–1897) President of the United States. He was the only president to serve a second term that did not begin as soon as the first had ended. Cleveland was the first Democrat elected as President after the Civil War.
|22nd and 24th |
President of the United States
March 4, 1893 – March 4, 1897
|Vice President||Adlai Stevenson I|
|Preceded by||Benjamin Harrison|
|Succeeded by||William McKinley|
March 4, 1885 – March 4, 1889
|Vice President||Thomas A. Hendricks (1885)|
|Preceded by||Chester A. Arthur|
|Succeeded by||Benjamin Harrison|
|28th Governor of New York|
January 1, 1883 – January 6, 1885
|Lieutenant||David B. Hill|
|Preceded by||Alonzo B. Cornell|
|Succeeded by||David B. Hill|
|34th Mayor of Buffalo|
January 2, 1882 – November 20, 1882
|Preceded by||Alexander Brush|
|Succeeded by||Marcus M. Drake|
|17th Sheriff of Erie County, New York|
January 1, 1871 – December 31, 1873
|Preceded by||Charles Darcy|
|Succeeded by||John B. Weber|
Stephen Grover Cleveland
March 18, 1837
Caldwell, New Jersey, U.S.
|Died||June 24, 1908 (aged 71)|
Princeton, New Jersey, U.S.
|Resting place||Princeton Cemetery, New Jersey|
Frances Folsom (m. 1886)
|Children||6, including Ruth ("Baby"), Esther, Richard|
|Parents||Richard Falley Cleveland |
|Relatives||Rose Cleveland (sister)|
Philippa Foot (granddaughter)
He was known for his honesty, integrity, and having a firm stance against corruption. He believed in small government (he wanted the government to tax less and spend less). He used the presidential veto power over 500 times, far more than most other presidents, to reject bills he disagreed with. He did not want the United States to get its military involved in Latin America.
Cleveland was born on March 18, 1837 in Caldwell, New Jersey. He was raised in Cleveland, Ohio. Cleveland studied at New York Institute for the Blind. He was married to Frances Folsom, who was over 20 years younger. In fact, many people expected Cleveland to marry her mother Emma. He was the first President to marry in the White House. They had one child, Ruth Cleveland, during his presidency.
During his second term, he had an emergency surgery for jaw cancer on a boat in the middle of a river to avoid publicity. Cleveland died on June 24, 1908 from a heart attack in Princeton, New Jersey, aged 71.
- Vice President Hendricks died in office. As this was prior to the adoption of the Twenty-Fifth Amendment in 1967, a vacancy in the office of Vice President was not filled until the next ensuing election and inauguration.