Chester A. Arthur
Chester Alan Arthur (October 5, 1829 – November 18, 1886) was an American politician and the 21st President of the United States. Before becoming president, he was most noted as the Collector of Customs for the port of New York, a job he got from his political friendships. Arthur was the first President of the United States to take oath of office at his own house.
Chester Alan Arthur
|21st President of the United States|
September 19, 1881 – March 3, 1885
|Preceded by||James A. Garfield|
|Succeeded by||Grover Cleveland|
|20th Vice President of the United States|
March 4, 1881 – September 19, 1881
|President||James A. Garfield|
|Preceded by||William A. Wheeler|
|Succeeded by||Thomas A. Hendricks|
|Born||October 5, 1829|
|Died||November 18, 1886 (aged 57)|
New York City, New York
|Spouse(s)||Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur|
Arthur was a lawyer in New York City. Two of his cases were famous. One confirmed that any slave brought to New York was automatically set free. The other ended the racial segregation of streetcars in the city.
After President James A. Garfield died, vice-president Chester Arthur replaced him. During his term a major problem was that people were appointing their friends (such as himself) into high political offices instead of people who were most qualified to do the job. The problem was solved after he passed the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act which required people to pass tests before they could be appointed to a public job.