state of the United States of America

Vermont is a state in the United States. Its capital is the city of Montpelier, and its largest city is Burlington.

State of Vermont
Flag of Vermont State seal of Vermont
Flag Seal
The Green Mountain State
Motto(s): Freedom and Unity and Stella quarta decima fulgeat (May the 14th star shine bright)
State song(s): "These Green Mountains"
Map of the United States with Vermont highlighted
Largest cityBurlington
Largest metroGreater Burlington
AreaRanked 45th
 • Total9,616 sq mi
(24,923 km2)
 • Width80 miles (130 km)
 • Length160 miles (260 km)
 • % water4.1
 • Latitude42° 44′ N to 45° 1′ N
 • Longitude71° 28′ W to 73° 26′ W
PopulationRanked 49th
 • Total623,657 (2017 est.)[1]
 • Density67.7/sq mi  (26.1/km2)
Ranked 30th
 • Median household income$59,494[2] (21st)
 • Highest pointMount Mansfield[3][4][5]
4,395 ft (1340 m)
 • Mean1,000 ft  (300 m)
 • Lowest pointLake Champlain[4][5]
95 to 100 ft (29 to 30 m)
Before statehoodVermont Republic
Admission to UnionMarch 4, 1791 (14th)
GovernorPhil Scott (R)
Lieutenant GovernorDavid Zuckerman (P)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsPatrick Leahy (D)
Bernie Sanders (I)[6]
U.S. House delegationPeter Welch (D) (list)
Time zoneEastern: UTC −5/−4
AbbreviationsVT, Vt.
Vermont state symbols
Flag of Vermont.svg
Vermont state seal.svg
Living insignia
AmphibianNorthern leopard frog
Rana pipiens
BirdHermit thrush
Catharus guttatus
FishBrook trout
Salvelinus fontinalis
Sander vitreous vitreous
FlowerRed clover
Trifolium pratense
InsectWestern honey bee
Apis mellifera
MammalMorgan horse
ReptilePainted turtle
TreeSugar maple
Acer saccharum
Inanimate insignia
FoodApple pie
FossilBeluga whale[7]
GemstoneGrossular garnet
RockGranite, marble, slate
State route marker
Vermont state route marker
State quarter
Vermont quarter dollar coin
Released in 2001
Lists of United States state symbols

The states that border Vermont are Massachusetts to the south, New Hampshire to the east, New York to the west, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north.

Vermont was home to the Abenaki and Iroquois Native American groups until France took control of the area when it was building colonies. Great Britain gained control after winning the French and Indian War. It is known for being one of only four states to be an independent nation before joining the United States. It was not a part of the 13 colonies and instead joined as the 14th state. Vermont became a state in 1791. It is world-renowned for its maple syrup industry, and many tourists go to see brilliant colors the trees become in the fall months. The tourism industry has become quite successful, with many tourists coming every year.

Related pagesEdit


  1. "Vermont: Population estimates". United States Census Bureau. July 1, 2017. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
  2. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  3. "Mt Mansfield Highest Point". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved July 20, 2015. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on July 22, 2012. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  6. "Senators of the 114th Congress". U.S. Senate. Retrieved December 31, 2015. Sanders, Bernard – (I – VT)
  7. Perkins Geology Museum, University of Vermont.