|State of Vermont|
The Green Mountain State
Freedom and Unity and Stella quarta decima fulgeat (May the 14th star shine bright)
|Anthem: These Green Mountains|
|Before statehood||Vermont Republic|
|Admitted to the Union||March 4, 1791 (14th)|
|Largest metro and urban areas||Greater Burlington|
|• Governor||Phil Scott (R)|
|• Lieutenant Governor||David Zuckerman (D)|
|• Upper house||Senate|
President pro tempore: Becca Balint (D)
|• Lower house||House of Representatives|
Speaker: Jill Krowinski (D)
|Judiciary||Vermont Supreme Court|
|U.S. senators||Patrick Leahy (D)|
Bernie Sanders (I)
|U.S. House delegation||Peter Welch (D) (list)|
|• Total||9,616 sq mi (24,923 km2)|
|• Land||9,250 sq mi (23,957.39 km2)|
|• Water||382 sq mi (989 km2) 4.1%|
|• Length||160 mi (260 km)|
|• Width||80 mi (130 km)|
|Elevation||1,000 ft (300 m)|
|Highest elevation||4,395 ft (1,340 m)|
|Lowest elevation||95 to 100 ft (29 to 30 m)|
|• Density||67.7/sq mi (26.1/km2)|
|• Density rank||30th|
|• Median household income||$57,513|
|• Income rank||28th|
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (EDT)|
|ISO 3166 code||US-VT|
|Latitude||42°44′ N to 45°1′ N|
|Longitude||71°28′ W to 73°26′ W|
|Vermont state symbols|
|Amphibian||Northern leopard frog|
Sander vitreous vitreous
|Insect||Western honey bee|
|Rock||Granite, marble, slate|
|State route marker|
Released in 2001
|Lists of United States state symbols|
Vermont was home to the Abenaki and Iroquois Native American groups until France took control of the area when it was building colonies. Great Britain gained control after winning the French and Indian War. It is known for being one of only four states to be an independent nation before joining the United States. It was not a part of the 13 colonies and instead joined as the 14th state. Vermont became a state in 1791. It is world-renowned for its maple syrup industry, and many tourists go to see brilliant colors the trees become in the fall months. The tourism industry has become quite successful, with many tourists coming every year.
- "Senators of the 114th Congress". www.senate.gov. U.S. Senate. n.d. Retrieved February 25, 2020.
Sanders, Bernard (I—VT)
- "Mt Mansfield Highest Point". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey.
- "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on July 22, 2012. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
- Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
- "2020 Census Apportionment Results". census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2021. Retrieved April 30, 2021.
- "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
- State terrestrial fossil is the woolly mammoth of Mount Holly, state marine fossil is the beluga whale of Charlotte:
- Vermont State Fossil - Mount Holly Mammoth & Charlotte Whale. FossilEra.
- Beluga Whale Skeleton - Vermont State Marine Fossil. State Symbols USA.
- Perkins Geology Museum, University of Vermont.
- Paul Heller: History Space: Woolly mammoth of Mount Holly (Careful: mammoth mixed up with mastodon)