New York

state of the United States of America
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New York is one of the 50 states of the United States and was one of the original Thirteen Colonies, which were the first thirteen states to make up the US. New York is in the northeastern United States, bordered by Lake Ontario and Canada on the north, Lake Erie and Canada on the west, Pennsylvania on the west and south, Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut on the east, and New Jersey on the south and west.

State of New York
Flag of New York State seal of New York
Flag Seal
Motto(s): Excelsior (Latin)[1]
Ever upward
State song(s): "I Love New York"
Map of the United States with New York highlighted
Official languageNone
Spoken languages
DemonymNew Yorker
Largest cityNew York
Largest metroGreater New York
AreaRanked 27th
 • Total54,555[3] sq mi
(141,300 km2)
 • Width285 miles (455 km)
 • Length330 miles (530 km)
 • % water13.5
 • Latitude40° 30′ N to 45° 1′ N
 • Longitude71° 51′ W to 79° 46′ W
PopulationRanked 4th
 • Total19,542,209 (2018 est.)[4]
 • Density416.42/sq mi  (159/km2)
Ranked 7th
 • Median household income$58,005 (2016)[5] (23rd)
 • Highest pointMount Marcy[6][7][8]
5,344 ft (1,629 m)
 • Mean1,000 ft  (300 m)
 • Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean[7][8]
Sea level
Admission to UnionJuly 26, 1788 (11th)
GovernorAndrew Cuomo (D)
Lieutenant GovernorKathy Hochul (D)
LegislatureNew York Legislature
 • Upper houseState Senate
 • Lower houseState Assembly
U.S. Senators
U.S. House delegation
  • 21 Democrats
  • 6 Republicans
Time zoneEastern: UTC −5/−4
AbbreviationsNY, N.Y.
New York state symbols
Living insignia
BirdEastern bluebird
FishBrook trout (fresh water), Striped bass (salt water)
InsectNine-spotted ladybug
ReptileCommon snapping turtle
TreeSugar maple
Inanimate insignia
  • Fruit: Apple
  • Muffin: Apple
FossilEurypterus remipes
ShellBay scallop
OtherBush: Lilac bush
State route marker
New York state route marker
State quarter
New York quarter dollar coin
Released in 2001
Lists of United States state symbols

New York was originally New Netherland, started by the Dutch Empire in the early 17th century. Late in the century, it surrendered to an English fleet during the Anglo-Dutch Wars and became part of the British Empire. About half the Dutch colony was given to neighboring English colonies. The Battle of Long Island, Battle of Saratoga, and other important battles of the American Revolution were fought in New York and it joined the new United States.

The United States Census Bureau says that, as of 2005, New York had the third most people (population) in the United States, after California and Texas. New York's estimated population is 19,297,729.[9]

Many famous people were born in New York. Such as Donald Trump, Lindsay Lohan, Alicia Keys, Adam Sandler, and many more.

Midtown Manhattan Skyline at Twilight Hour
Midtown Manhattan Skyline at Twilight Hour


The biggest city in New York is also called New York, located in the south-eastern part of the state and built on the Hudson River; it is by far the biggest city in the U.S.. Part of New York City is on Long Island, a large island in the Atlantic Ocean, and another part of it is on Staten Island, which is to the southwest of Manhattan, the central business district. Most people living in New York state live in the New York metropolitan area, one of the world's biggest metropolitan areas, which also includes part of eastern New Jersey.

The larger part of New York, north and northwest of the metropolitan area, is called "Upstate New York". Cities in this part of New York include Buffalo, the state's second largest city, Rochester, Syracuse, and the state capital of Albany. These places became cities because of the Erie Canal. Between 1788 and 1797, the Legislature moved the state capital around between Albany, Kingston, Poughkeepsie, and New York City. Albany became the permanent capital from 1797.[10]

Related pagesEdit


  1. "New York State Motto". New York State Library. January 29, 2001. Archived from the original on May 24, 2009. Retrieved November 16, 2007. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  2. "Language spoken at home by ability to speak English for the population 5 years and over – 2014 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  3. "Land and Water Area of States (2000)". Retrieved April 11, 2008.
  4. "New York; UNITED STATES". QuickFacts. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
  5. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  6. "Marcy". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on February 1, 2009. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  9. United States Census
  10. Stevens, John Austin (1886). The Magazine of American History with Notes and Queries. Historical Publication Co. p. 24.