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state of the United States of America

Massachusetts is a state in the United States of America. Its official name is the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Flag of Massachusetts State seal of Massachusetts
Flag Seal
The Bay State
The Pilgrim State; The Puritan State
The Old Colony State
The Baked Bean State[1]
Motto(s): Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem (Latin)
By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty
State song(s): "All Hail to Massachusetts"
Map of the United States with Massachusetts highlighted
Official languageEnglish[2]
Spoken languages
DemonymBay Stater (official)[4] Massachusite (traditional)[5][6]
(and largest city)
Largest metroGreater Boston
AreaRanked 44th
 • Total10,565[7] sq mi
(27,337 km2)
 • Width183 miles (295 km)
 • Length108 miles (174 km)
 • % water26.1
 • Latitude41° 14′ N to 42° 53′ N
 • Longitude69° 56′ W to 73° 30′ W
PopulationRanked 15th
 • Total6,859,819 (2017 est.)[8]
 • Density840/sq mi  (324/km2)
Ranked 3rd[9]
 • Median household income$67,861[10] (7th)
 • Highest pointMount Greylock[11][12]
3,489 ft (1063.4 m)
 • Mean500 ft  (150 m)
 • Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean
Sea level
Before statehoodProvince of Massachusetts Bay
Admission to UnionFebruary 6, 1788 (6th)
GovernorCharlie Baker (R)
Lieutenant GovernorKaryn Polito (R)
LegislatureGeneral Court
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsElizabeth Warren (D)
Ed Markey (D)
U.S. House delegation9 Democrats (list)
Time zoneEastern: UTC −5/−4
AbbreviationsMA, Mass.
Interactive map of Massachusetts
Massachusetts state symbols
Flag of Massachusetts.svg
Seal of Massachusetts.svg
Living insignia
BirdBlack-capped chickadee,[13] wild turkey[14][15]
MammalRight whale,[19] Morgan horse,[20] Tabby cat,[21] Boston Terrier[22]
ReptileGarter snake[15][23]
TreeAmerican elm[15][24]
Inanimate insignia
BeverageCranberry juice[15][25]
ColorsBlue, green, cranberry[15][26]
DanceSquare dance[15][27]
FoodCranberry,[28] corn muffin,[15][29] navy bean,[30] Boston cream pie,[31] chocolate chip cookie,[32] Boston cream doughnut[33]
FossilDinosaur Tracks[34]
Poem"Blue Hills of Massachusetts"[15][37]
RockRolling Rock[15][38]
ShellNew England Neptune, Neptunea lyrata decemcostata[15][41]
ShipSchooner Ernestina [15]
SloganMake It Yours,
The Spirit of America[39]
State route marker
Massachusetts state route marker
State quarter
Massachusetts quarter dollar coin
Released in 2000[42]
Lists of United States state symbols

Its capital and largest city is Boston. It is on the east coast of the United States. It is next to the Atlantic Ocean and the states of Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, Vermont, and New Hampshire. The word Massachusetts comes from Native American language. It means "place with hills."

Massachusetts was one of the first places that European people lived when they came to America. It was one of the first American colonies. The Pilgrims from Plymouth, England came to America for religious freedom in 1620.

Massachusetts is home to some of the United States more prestigious universities, such as Harvard University. Massachusetts is also one of the richest states in the United States. Its major cities are Boston, Worcester, Massachusetts, Springfield, Massachusetts and Plymouth, Massachusetts

Massachusetts is also home to the 6 time Super Bowl winning New England Patriots.

Related pagesEdit


  1. Herman, Jennifer (2008). Massachusetts Encyclopedia. State History Publications, LLC. p. 7. Various nicknames have been given to describe Massachusetts, including the Bay State, the Old Bay State, the Pilgrim State, the Puritan State, the Old Colony State and, less often, the Baked Bean State
  2. Schwarz, Hunter (August 12, 2014). "States where English is the official language". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 29, 2014.
  3. "Language spoken at home by ability to speak English for the population 5 years and over – 2014 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". American FactFinder. Retrieved February 6, 2016.
  4. "Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 2, Section 35: Designation of citizens of commonwealth". The Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved February 29, 2008.
  5. Collections. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society. 1877. p. 435. Retrieved June 10, 2015. 
  6. Jones, Thomas (1879). DeLancey, Edward Floyd (ed.). History of New York During the Revolutionary War. New York: New-York Historical Society. p. 465. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  7. "Massachusetts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  8. [1] Accessed December 29, 2017.
  9. "U. S. States by size". Retrieved April 21, 2015.
  10. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  11. Error: no id specified when using {{cite ngs}}
  12. Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  13. "Black-Capped Chickadee:Massachusetts State Bird". Retrieved April 17, 2015.
  14. "Wild Turkey:Massachusetts State Game Bird". Retrieved April 17, 2015.
  15. 15.00 15.01 15.02 15.03 15.04 15.05 15.06 15.07 15.08 15.09 15.10 15.11 15.12 15.13 15.14 15.15 15.16 "Massachusetts Facts". Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved April 21, 2015.
  16. "Cod: Massachusetts State Fish". Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  17. "Mayflower: Massachusetts State Flower". Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  18. "Ladybug: Massachusetts State Insect". Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  19. "Right Whale: Massachusetts State Marine Mammal". Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  20. "Morgan Horse: Massachusetts State Horse". Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  21. "Tabby Cat: Massachusetts State Cat". Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  22. "Boston Terrier: Massachusetts State Dog". Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  23. "Garter Snake: Massachusetts State Reptile". Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  24. "American Elm: Massachusetts State Tree". Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  25. "Cranberry Juice: Massachusetts State Beverage". Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  26. "Blue – Green – Cranberry: Massachusetts State Colors". Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  27. "Square Dance: Massachusetts State Folk Dance". Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  28. "Cranberry: Massachusetts State Berry". Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  29. "Corn Muffin: Massachusetts State Muffin". Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  30. "Baked Navy Bean: Massachusetts State Bean". Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  31. "Boston Creme Pie: Massachusetts State Dessert". Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  32. "Chocolate Chip Cookie: Massachusetts State Cookie". Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  33. "Boston Cream Donut: Massachusetts State Donut". Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  34. "Dinosaur Tracks: Massachusetts State Fossil". Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  35. "Rhodonite: Massachusetts State Gem". Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  36. "Babingtonite: Massachusetts State Mineral". Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  37. "Blue Hills of Massachusetts: Massachusetts State Poem". Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  38. "Rolling Rock: Massachusetts State Glacial Rock". Retrieved April 20, 2015.
  39. "State Slogans". Retrieved April 21, 2015.
  40. Levenson, Michael (August 9, 2006). "Can you guess the state sport of Massachusetts?". The Boston Globe. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
  41. "New England Neptune: Massachusetts State Shell". Retrieved April 23, 2015.
  42. "The Official Massachusetts State Quarter". Retrieved April 21, 2015.