Rhode Island is the smallest state in the United States by area. The capital and largest city is Providence. It is called the "Ocean state" because of its bays and waterways. It was founded by Roger Williams for religious freedom. The Narragansett people lived there before Europeans came, but people like Roger Williams didn't respect them and used the land for their own reasons. The colonists fought a war against the native people and many of them were killed or ran away from the colonists.
|State of Rhode Island|
The Ocean State
|Anthem: "Rhode Island's It for Me"|
Map of the United States with Rhode Island highlighted
|Before statehood||Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations|
|Admitted to the Union||May 29, 1790 (13th)|
(and largest city)
|Largest metro||Greater Providence|
|• Governor||Gina Raimondo (D)|
|• Lieutenant Governor||Daniel McKee (D)|
|Legislature||Rhode Island General Assembly|
|• Upper house||Senate|
|• Lower house||House of Representatives|
|U.S. senators||Jack Reed (D)|
Sheldon Whitehouse (D)
|U.S. House delegation||1: David Cicilline (D)|
2: James Langevin (D) (list)
|• Total||1,214[a] sq mi (3,144 km2)|
|• Land||1,045 sq mi (2,707 km2)|
|• Water||169 sq mi (438 km2) 13.9%|
|• Length||48 mi (77 km)|
|• Width||37 mi (60 km)|
|Elevation||200 ft (60 m)|
|Highest elevation||812 ft (247 m)|
|0 ft (0 m)|
|• Density||1,006/sq mi (388/km2)|
|• Density rank||2nd|
|• Median household income||$63,870|
|• Income rank||16th|
|• Official language||De jure: None|
De facto: English
|Time zone||UTC-05:00 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-04:00 (EDT)|
|ISO 3166 code||US-RI|
|Latitude||41° 09′ N to 42° 01′ N|
|Longitude||71° 07′ W to 71° 53′ W|
|Rhode Island state symbols|
|Bird||Rhode Island Red chicken|
Gallus gallus domesticus
|Insect||American burying beetle|
|Ship||Courageous, USS Providence|
|Tartan||Rhode Island State Tartan|
|Other||Fruit: Rhode Island Greening|
|State route marker|
Released in 2001
|Lists of United States state symbols|
Rhode Island was one of the original Thirteen Colonies. It became very important to the economy because of the slave trade, and more slaves were taken to the thirteen colonies through Rhode Island than any of the others in the 18th century. Slavers would send ships from Newport to buy slaves from Africa and make money by trading goods with others involved in slavery. Rhode Island became a state (the last of the thirteen to agree to the new United States Constitution) in 1790.
Rhode Island is bordered on the north and east by Massachusetts, on the west by Connecticut, and on the south by Rhode Island Sound and the Atlantic Ocean. It shares a water border with New York. It is named for a large island in Rhode Island Sound. Rhode Island Some thought the island looked liked Rhodes, an island in Greece. Others didn´t.
An executive order was signed by Governor Gina Raimondo on June 22, 2020 to remove "Providence Plantations" from the official state name due to its ties to slavery.  Raimondo stated the change would go into effect "as soon as practicable."  In November 2020, the official name was voted to be changed to "State of Rhode Island".
- "Rhode Island Government: Government". RI.gov. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
- "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
- Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988
- "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
- "Native Americans - Rhode Island - Nellie M. Gorbea". www.sos.ri.gov. Retrieved 2020-10-25.
- Clark-Pujara, Christy. Dark Work: The Business of Slavery in Rhode Island. NYU Press. ISBN 9781479809943.
- Rhode Island moves to change its official name due to slavery ties
- Rhode Island moves to change official name over slavery ties
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rhode Island.|