Rhode Island

state on east coast of United States of America

Rhode Island is the smallest state in the United States by area. The capital and largest city is Providence. It is called the "Ocean state" because of its bays and waterways.

Rhode Island
State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations
Nickname(s): 
The Ocean State
Little Rhody[1]
Motto(s): 
Hope
Anthem: "Rhode Island's It for Me"
Map of the United States with Rhode Island highlighted
Map of the United States with Rhode Island highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodColony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations
Admitted to the UnionMay 29, 1790 (13th)
Capital
(and largest city)
Providence
Largest metroGreater Providence
Government
 • GovernorGina Raimondo (D)
 • Lieutenant GovernorDaniel McKee (D)
LegislatureRhode Island General Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. senatorsJack Reed (D)
Sheldon Whitehouse (D)
U.S. House delegation1: David Cicilline (D)
2: James Langevin (D) (list)
Area
 • Total1,214[a] sq mi (3,144 km2)
 • Land1,045 sq mi (2,707 km2)
 • Water169 sq mi (438 km2)  13.9%
Area rank50th
Dimensions
 • Length48 mi (77 km)
 • Width37 mi (60 km)
Elevation
200 ft (60 m)
Highest elevation812 ft (247 m)
Lowest elevation
(Atlantic Ocean[2])
0 ft (0 m)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total1,059,361
 • Rank44th
 • Density1,006/sq mi (388/km2)
 • Density rank2nd
 • Median household income
$63,870[4]
 • Income rank
16th
Demonym(s)Rhode Islander
Language
 • Official languageDe jure: None
De facto: English
Time zoneUTC-05:00 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-04:00 (EDT)
USPS abbreviation
RI
ISO 3166 codeUS-RI
Trad. abbreviationR.I.
Latitude41° 09′ N to 42° 01′ N
Longitude71° 07′ W to 71° 53′ W
Websitewww.ri.gov
  1. approximately 776,957 acres
Rhode Island state symbols
Flag of Rhode Island.svg
Seal of Rhode Island.svg
Living insignia
BirdRhode Island Red chicken
Gallus gallus domesticus
FishStriped bass
FlowerViolet
Viola sororia
InsectAmerican burying beetle
Nicroforus americanus
MammalMorgan horse
ReptilePainted turtle
TreeRed Maple
Acer rubrum
Inanimate insignia
BeverageCoffee milk
MineralBowenite
RockCumberlandite
ShipCourageous, USS Providence
SloganUnwind
TartanRhode Island State Tartan
OtherFruit: Rhode Island Greening
State route marker
Rhode Island state route marker
State quarter
Rhode Island quarter dollar coin
Released in 2001
Lists of United States state symbols

Rhode Island was one of the original Thirteen Colonies, and became a state (the last of the thirteen to agree to the new United States Constitution) in 1790.

Rhode Island is bordered on the north and east by Massachusetts, on the west by Connecticut, and on the south by Rhode Island Sound and the Atlantic Ocean. It shares a water border with New York. It is named for a large island in Rhode Island Sound. Rhode Island was founded by Roger Williams for religious freedom. Some thought the island looked liked Rhodes, an island in Greece. Others didn´t.

An executive order was signed by Governor Gina Raimondo on June 22, 2020 to remove "Providence Plantations" from the official state name due to its ties to slavery. [5] Raimondo stated the change would go into effect "as soon as practicable." [6]

Related pagesEdit

 
Rhode Island State Capitol

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Rhode Island Government: Government". RI.gov. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
  3. Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988
  4. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  5. Rhode Island moves to change its official name due to slavery ties
  6. Rhode Island moves to change official name over slavery ties