Open main menu

New Hampshire

state of the United States of America

New Hampshire is a state in northeast United States. It is one of six states in the New England region. The capital is Concord and its largest city is Manchester. Other major cities include Dover, Portsmouth, and Merrimack

State of New Hampshire
Flag of New Hampshire State seal of New Hampshire
Flag Seal
The Granite State[1]
The White Mountain State[2]
Motto(s): Live Free or Die
State song(s): "Old New Hampshire[3]"
Map of the United States with New Hampshire highlighted
Official languageEnglish[4]
(French allowed for official business with Quebec)[5]
DemonymGranite Stater, New Hampshirite
Largest cityManchester
Largest metroManchester–Nashua
AreaRanked 46th
 • Total9,349 sq mi
(24,214[6] km2)
 • Width68 miles (110 km)
 • Length190 miles (305 km)
 • % water4.2
 • Latitude42° 42′ N to 45° 18′ N
 • Longitude70° 36′ W to 72° 33′ W
PopulationRanked 41st
 • Total1,356,458 (2018 est.)[7]
 • Density147/sq mi  (56.8/km2)
Ranked 21st
 • Median household income$70,936[8] (8th)
 • Highest pointMount Washington[9][10][11][12]
6,288 ft (1916.66 m)
 • Mean1,000 ft  (300 m)
 • Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean[10]
Sea level
Before statehoodProvince of New Hampshire
Admission to UnionJune 21, 1788 (9th)
GovernorChris Sununu (R)
President of the SenateDonna Soucy (D)[13]
LegislatureGeneral Court
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsJeanne Shaheen (D)
Maggie Hassan (D)
U.S. House delegation1: Chris Pappas (D)
2: Ann McLane Kuster (D) (list)
Time zoneEastern: UTC -5/-4
AbbreviationsNH, N.H.
New Hampshire state symbols
Flag of New Hampshire.svg
Seal of New Hampshire.svg
Living insignia
AmphibianRed-spotted newt
Notophthalmus viridescens
BirdPurple finch
Haemorhous purpureus
ButterflyKarner Blue
Lycaeides melissa samuelis
Dog breedChinook
FishFreshwater: Brook trout
Salvelinus fontinalis
Saltwater: Striped bass
Morone saxatilis
FlowerPurple lilac
Syringa vulgaris
MammalWhite-tailed deer
Odocoileus virginianus
TreeWhite birch
Betula papyrifera
Inanimate insignia
FoodFruit: Pumpkin
Vegetable: White Potato
GemstoneSmoky quartz
TartanNew Hampshire State Tartan
State route marker
New Hampshire state route marker
State quarter
New Hampshire quarter dollar coin
Released in 2000
Lists of United States state symbols

The state motto is "Live Free or Die" and the nickname is the Granite State. The state flower is the lilac and the state bird is the purple finch. New Hampshire is part of New England. It is bordered by Maine in the East, Massachusetts to the South, Vermont to the West, and Quebec, a Canadian province, to the North.

Its population was estimated to be 1,315,809 in 2008, so it is the ninth largest state in the United States by population. [14]

New Hampshire's tourist attractions include the Lakes Region, the White Mountains, the autumn leaves, and the New Hampshire Motor Speedway in Loudon. Some famous people from New Hampshire are Franklin Pierce, Adam Sandler, and members of the band Aerosmith. New Hampshire is also famous for being the first state to vote in the Presidential primaries.

New Hampshire was a British colony before the American War of Independence. It became the ninth state on June 21, 1788 when it accepted the United States Constitution.

Related pagesEdit


  1. "New Hampshire Almanac: Fast New Hampshire Facts". New Hampshire State Library. 2011. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
  2. For use in a reference publication see Mencken, H.L. (1990). American Language Supplement 2. Knopf-Doubleday. The adjoining New Hampshire is usually called the Granite State, which the DAE traces to 1830. It has also been called the White Mountain State, the Mother of Rivers, and the Switzerland of America
  3. "New Hampshire Almanac: State Official and Honorary State Song". New Hampshire State Library. 2012. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
  4. "New Hampshire Revised Statutes, Title 1, Chapter 3-C:1 – Official State Language". State of New Hampshire. 1995. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  5. "New Hampshire Revised Statutes, Title 1, Chapter 3-C:2 – Exceptions". State of New Hampshire. 1995. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  6. "Geographic Identifiers: New Hampshire". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
  7. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2018 (NST-EST2018-01)". U.S. Census Bureau. December 2018. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
  8. "Income in the Past 12 Months (in 2016 Inflation-Adjusted Dollars) (S1901): 2016 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates: New Hampshire". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 21, 2018.
  9. "Mt Wash". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  11. Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  12. The summit of Mount Washington is the highest point on the northeastern Northern American Continent.
  13. In the event of a vacancy in the office of Governor, the President of the State Senate is first in line to assume the gubernatorial powers and duties as Acting Governor.
  14. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for thepop United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-10-14.