New Hampshire

state of the United States of America

New Hampshire is a state in northeast United States. It is one of six states in the New England region. The capital is Concord and its largest city is Manchester. The second largest city is Nashua. Other major cities include Keene, Dover, Portsmouth, and Merrimack.

New Hampshire
State of New Hampshire
the Granite State[1]
the White Mountain State[2]
Anthem: "Old New Hampshire"[3]
Map of the United States with New Hampshire highlighted
Map of the United States with New Hampshire highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodProvince of New Hampshire
Admitted to the UnionJune 21, 1788 (9th)
Largest cityManchester
Largest metro and urban areasGreater Boston (combined)
Manchester–Nashua (metro)
Nashua (urban)
 • GovernorChris Sununu (R)
LegislatureGeneral Court
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
JudiciaryNew Hampshire Supreme Court
U.S. senatorsJeanne Shaheen (D)
Maggie Hassan (D)
U.S. House delegation1: Chris Pappas (D)
2: Ann McLane Kuster (D) (list)
 • Total9,349 sq mi (24,214[4] km2)
 • Rank46th
 • Length190 mi (305 km)
 • Width68 mi (110 km)
1,000 ft (300 m)
Highest elevation6,288 ft (1,916.66 m)
Lowest elevation
(Atlantic Ocean[6])
0 ft (0 m)
 • Total1,377,529
 • Rank41st
 • Density147.3/sq mi (56.9/km2)
  • Rank21st
 • Median household income
 • Income rank
Demonym(s)Granite Stater,
New Hampshirite
 • Official languageEnglish[8]
(French allowed for official business with Quebec)[9]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
USPS abbreviation
ISO 3166 codeUS-NH
Traditional abbreviationN.H.
Latitude42° 42′ N to 45° 18′ N
Longitude70° 36′ W to 72° 33′ W
New Hampshire state symbols
Living insignia
AmphibianRed-spotted newt
Notophthalmus viridescens
BirdPurple finch
Haemorhous purpureus
ButterflyKarner Blue
Lycaeides melissa samuelis
Dog breedChinook
FishFreshwater: Brook trout
Salvelinus fontinalis
Saltwater: Striped bass
Morone saxatilis
FlowerPurple lilac
Syringa vulgaris
MammalWhite-tailed deer
Odocoileus virginianus
TreeWhite birch
Betula papyrifera
Inanimate insignia
FoodFruit: Pumpkin
Vegetable: White Potato
Berry: Blackberry[10]
GemstoneSmoky quartz
TartanNew Hampshire state tartan
State route marker
New Hampshire state route marker
State quarter
New Hampshire quarter dollar coin
Released in 2000
Lists of United States state symbols

The state motto is "Live Free or Die" and the nickname is the Granite State. The state flower is the lilac and the state bird is the purple finch. New Hampshire is part of New England. It is bordered by Maine in the East, Massachusetts to the South, Vermont to the West, and Quebec, a Canadian province, to the North.

Its population was estimated to be 1,359,711 in 2019, so it is the ninth smallest state in the United States by population.[11]

New Hampshire's tourist attractions include the Lakes Region, the White Mountains, the autumn leaves, and the New Hampshire Motor Speedway in Loudon. Some famous people from New Hampshire are Franklin Pierce, Adam Sandler, and members of the band Aerosmith. New Hampshire is also famous for being the first state to vote in the Presidential primaries.

New Hampshire was a British colony before the American War of Independence. It became the ninth state on June 21, 1788 when it accepted the United States Constitution.



  1. Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  2. The summit of Mount Washington is the highest point in northeastern North America.
  1. "New Hampshire Almanac: Fast New Hampshire Facts". New Hampshire State Library. 2011. Archived from the original on July 31, 2012. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
  2. For use in a reference publication see Mencken, H. L. (1990). American Language Supplement 2. Knopf-Doubleday. The adjoining New Hampshire is usually called the Granite State, which the DAE traces to 1830. It has also been called the White Mountain State, the Mother of Rivers, and the Switzerland of America
  3. New Hampshire State Library. "State Official and Honorary State Song". State of New Hampshire. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  4. "Geographic Identifiers: New Hampshire". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
  5. "Mt Wash". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
  7. "Income in the Past 12 Months (in 2017 Inflation-Adjusted Dollars) (S1901): 2017 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates: New Hampshire". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
  8. "New Hampshire Revised Statutes, Title 1, Chapter 3-C:1—Official State Language". State of New Hampshire. 1995. Archived from the original on October 4, 2018. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  9. "New Hampshire Revised Statutes, Title 1, Chapter 3-C:2—Exceptions". State of New Hampshire. 1995. Archived from the original on November 17, 2004. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  10. Fehlau, Erin (June 16, 2017). "Blackberry now the state berry of NH". WMUR News. Retrieved December 30, 2019.
  11. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for thepop United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-10-14.