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North America

continent on the Earth's northwestern quadrant

North America is a large continent in the Northern and Western Hemispheres of Earth. It is to the east of the Pacific Ocean, the west of the Atlantic Ocean, the south of the Arctic Ocean, and it is the northern part of the Americas. The southernmost part is Central America. It is the third largest continent in the world, after Asia and Africa.

North America
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Area24,709,000 km2 (9,540,000 sq mi)
Population528,720,588 (2008)
Pop. density21.4/km2 (55/sq mi)
DemonymNorth American
Countries23 countries (list of countries)
Dependencies22 dependencies
LanguagesList of languages
Time ZonesUTC−10 to UTC
Internet TLDNorth American TLD
Largest citiesList of urban areas

Hundreds of millions of years ago, North America was part of a larger ancient supercontinent named Laurasia. A few million years ago, a new land bridge arose and connected North America to South America. Beringia connected North America to Siberia a few times during ice ages in the past 20,000 years. North America has a population of 527 million and is the 4th most populous continent in the world.

CountriesEdit

North America includes these large countries, listed from North to South:

The countries south of Mexico as far as Panama, known as Central America, as well as the islands in the Caribbean Sea (known together as the Caribbean islands), are also considered part of North America.

Related pagesEdit