island sovereign state in the Caribbean Sea

Grenada (/ɡrəˈndə/ (audio speaker iconlisten) grə-NAY-də; Grenadian Creole French: Gwenad) is an island country in the Caribbean Sea that received its independence from the United Kingdom in 1974. Its capital is St. George's.

Gwenad (Grenadian Creole French)
Coat of arms of Grenada
Coat of arms
Motto: "Ever Conscious of God We Aspire, Build and Advance as One People"[1]
Anthem: "Hail Grenada"
and largest city
St. George's
12°03′N 61°45′W / 12.050°N 61.750°W / 12.050; -61.750
Official languages
Recognised regional languagesGrenadian Creole English
Grenadian Creole French
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary two-party parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Charles III
Cécile La Grenade
Dickon Mitchell
House of Representatives
3 March 1967
• Independence from the United Kingdom
7 February 1974
13 March 1979
• Constitution Restoration
4 December 1984
• Total
348.5 km2 (134.6 sq mi) (184th)
• Water (%)
• 2021 estimate
124,610[5][6] (194th)
• Density
318.58/km2 (825.1/sq mi) (45th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$1.801 billion[7]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$1.249 billion[7]
• Per capita
HDI (2019)Increase 0.779[8]
high · 74th
CurrencyEast Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+1-473
ISO 3166 codeGD
  1. Plus trace of Arawak / Carib.

History change

Before it was discovered, Grenada was inhabited by indigenous people. In 1649, it was colonised by France. Over a century later in 1763, Grenada was given to the United Kingdom.

In 1974, Grenada became an independent country led by Prime Minister Eric Gairy. In 1983, Grenada was invaded by the United States in an effort to stop communism on the island.

In 2004, a hurricane named Ivan destroyed most of the island's resources. Grenada is called the Spice Island on account of its most famous export, the nutmeg.

Politics change

Grenada is a monarchy with Charles III as king. Grenada has a parliament made up of a senate (13 seats) and a House of Representatives (15 seats). The senators are appointed by the representatives, who are elected by the people.

Related pages change

References change

  1. "Government of Grenada Website". Retrieved 1 November 2007.
  2. "Grenada". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Archived from the original on 24 April 2020. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
  3. "Central America :: Grenada — the World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency". Archived from the original on 2020-04-24. Retrieved 2012-04-05.
  4. "About Grenada, Carriacou & Petite Martinique |". Archived from the original on 10 September 2009. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
  5. "World Population Prospects 2022". United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
  6. "World Population Prospects 2022: Demographic indicators by region, subregion and country, annually for 1950-2100" (XSLX). ("Total Population, as of 1 July (thousands)"). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "Grenada". International Monetary Fund. 2018. Retrieved 1 April 2018.
  8. Human Development Report 2020 The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 15 December 2020. pp. 343–346. ISBN 978-92-1-126442-5. Retrieved 16 December 2020.

Other websites change