territory of Canada

Nunavut is a territory in Canada. It is the newest, largest, and northernmost territory of Canada. It was founded in 1999 when many Inuit living in the Northwest Territories wanted to have an independent province and government. Its capital is named Iqaluit. It is in the north of Canada, and has a particularly cold climate for much of the year. It has many native people (mainly Inuit).

ᓄᓇᕗᑦ  (Inuktitut)
ᓄᓇᕗᑦ ᓴᙱᓂᕗᑦ (Nunavut Sannginivut)
"Our land, our strength"
"Notre terre, notre force"
Coordinates: 70°10′00″N 90°44′00″W / 70.16667°N 90.73333°W / 70.16667; -90.73333Coordinates: 70°10′00″N 90°44′00″W / 70.16667°N 90.73333°W / 70.16667; -90.73333
Confederation1 April 1999; 22 years ago (1999-04-01) (13th)
Largest cityIqaluit
 • CommissionerRebekah Williams
 • PremierJoe Savikataaq (consensus government)
LegislatureLegislative Assembly of Nunavut
Federal representationParliament of Canada
House seats1 of 338 (0.3%)
Senate seats1 of 105 (1%)
 • Total2,038,722 km2 (787,155 sq mi)
 • Land1,877,787 km2 (725,018 sq mi)
 • Water160,935 km2 (62,137 sq mi)  7.9%
Area rankRanked 1st
 20.4% of Canada
 • Total35,944 [1]
 • Estimate 
(2020 Q4)
39,285 [2]
 • RankRanked 12th
 • Density0.02/km2 (0.05/sq mi)
Nunavummiuq (sing.)[3]
Official languagesEnglish, French
Inuit languages (Inuktitut
and Inuinnaqtun)[4]
 • Rank12th
 • Total (2017)C$2.846 billion[5]
 • Per capitaC$58,452 (6th)
 • HDI (2018)0.908[6]Very high (5th)
Time zonesUTC-07:00 (Mountain Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-06:00
UTC-06:00 (Central Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-05:00
Southampton Island (Coral Harbour)UTC-05:00 (Eastern Time)
UTC-05:00 (Eastern Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-04:00
Postal abbr.
Postal code prefix
ISO 3166 codeCA-NU
FlowerPurple Saxifrage[7]
BirdRock Ptarmigan[8]
Rankings include all provinces and territories

The main form of transportation is the snowmobile. For the first week of being a separate unit, it was the Province of Nunavut, but after a week it was renamed Nunavut Territory.

A symbol of the territory is the Eskimo Dog (qimmiq).[9] Even today, some people still use these dogs.[source?]



  1. 1.0 1.1 "Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved 2017-02-08.
  2. "Population by year of Canada of Canada and territories". Statistics Canada. September 26, 2014. Retrieved September 29, 2018.
  3. Nunavummiut, the plural demonym for residents of Nunavut, appears throughout the Government of Nunavut website Archived January 18, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, proceedings of the Nunavut legislature, and elsewhere. Nunavut Housing Corporation, Discussion Paper Released to Engage Nunavummiut on Development of Suicide Prevention Strategy. Alan Rayburn, previous head of the Canadian Permanent Committee of Geographical Names, opined that: "Nunavut is still too young to have acquired [a gentilé], although Nunavutan may be an obvious choice." In Naming Canada: stories about Canadian place names 2001. (2nd ed. ed.). Toronto: University of Toronto Press. (ISBN 0-8020-8293-9); p. 50.
  4. Cite error: The named reference lang was used but no text was provided for refs named (see the help page).
  5. "Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, provincial and territorial, annual (x 1,000,000)". Statistics Canada. 2019-09-21.
  6. "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2020-06-18.
  7. "The Official Flower of Nunavut: Purple Saxifrage". Legislative Assembly of Nunavut. 2011. Retrieved July 31, 2011.
  8. "The Official Bird of Nunavut: The Rock Ptarmigan". Legislative Assembly of Nunavut. 2011. Retrieved July 31, 2011.
  9. Legislative assembly of Nunavut: The Canadian Inuit Dog (Canis Familiaris Borealis) - Official Animal of Nunavut