Nova Scotia (/ / NOH-vuh SKOH-shuh); French pronunciation: [nuvɛl‿ikos]) is a small province found on the east coast of Canada. The name "Nova Scotia" is Latin for "New Scotland". The capital and biggest city is Halifax.
Munit Haec et Altera Vincit
(Latin: One defends and the other conquers)
|Confederation||July 1, 1867 (1st, with Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick)|
|• Type||Constitutional monarchy|
|• [[Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia|Lieutenant Governor]]||Arthur Joseph LeBlanc|
|• Premier||Stephen McNeil (Liberal)|
|Legislature||Nova Scotia House of Assembly|
|Federal representation||(in Canadian Parliament)|
|House seats||11 of 338 (3.3%)|
|Senate seats||10 of 105 (9.5%)|
|• Land||52,942 km2 (20,441 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 12th|
|• Total||923,598 |
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||Ranked 7th|
|• Density||17.45/km2 (45.2/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Nova Scotian, Bluenoser|
|Official languages||English (de facto)|
|• Total (2016)||C$41.726 billion|
|• Per capita||C$43,986 (12th)|
|Time zone||Atlantic: UTC-4|
|Postal code prefix||B|
|ISO 3166 code||CA-NS|
|Rankings include all provinces and territories|
People who live in Nova Scotia are called Nova Scotians. There are over 900,000 of them; over 400,000 of whom live in Halifax.
What is now Nova Scotia used to be controlled by the Mik'maq Indians. The French settled among them at Port Royal after 1600, and called the land part of Acadia, with Port Royal as its capital. In 1710, after a war, the British captured Port Royal and went on to capture the rest of the peninsula. It was the first time that the British had captured and held a French colony.
On 6 December 1917, about 2,000 people were killed in the Halifax Explosion.
- "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2016 census". Statcan.gc.ca. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
- "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statcan.gc.ca. January 24, 2012. Retrieved April 3, 2012.
- "Population by year of Canada of Canada and territories". Statistics Canada. September 26, 2014. Retrieved September 29, 2018.
- "The Legal Context of Canada's Official Languages". University of Ottawa. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
- "Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory (2013)". Statistics Canada. November 5, 2014. Retrieved October 11, 2015.
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