Nova Scotia

province of Canada

Nova Scotia (/ˈnvə ˈskʃə/ NOH-vuh SKOH-shuh); French pronunciation: [nuvɛlikos]) is a small province found on the east coast of Canada. The name "Nova Scotia" is Latin for "New Scotland". The capital and biggest city is Halifax.

Nova Scotia

New Scotland  (English)
Nouvelle-Écosse  (French)
Alba Nuadh  (Scottish Gaelic)
Munit Haec et Altera Vincit
(Latin: One defends and the other conquers)
ConfederationJuly 1, 1867 (1st, with Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick)
Largest metroHalifax
 • TypeConstitutional monarchy
 • [[Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia|Lieutenant Governor]]Arthur Joseph LeBlanc
 • PremierStephen McNeil (Liberal)
LegislatureNova Scotia House of Assembly
Federal representation(in Canadian Parliament)
House seats11 of 338 (3.3%)
Senate seats10 of 105 (9.5%)
 • Land52,942 km2 (20,441 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 12th
 • Total923,598 [1][2]
 • Estimate 
(2019 Q1)
965,382 [3]
 • RankRanked 7th
 • Density17.45/km2 (45.2/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Nova Scotian, Bluenoser
Official languagesEnglish (de facto)[4]
 • Rank7th
 • Total (2016)C$41.726 billion[5]
 • Per capitaC$43,986 (12th)
Time zoneAtlantic: UTC-4
Postal abbr.
Postal code prefixB
ISO 3166 codeCA-NS
Trailing arbutus 2006.jpg
Picea rubens cone.jpg
  Red spruce
Rankings include all provinces and territories

People who live in Nova Scotia are called Nova Scotians. There are over 900,000 of them; over 400,000 of whom live in Halifax.

What is now Nova Scotia used to be controlled by the Mik'maq Indians. The French settled among them at Port Royal after 1600, and called the land part of Acadia, with Port Royal as its capital. In 1710, after a war, the British captured Port Royal and went on to capture the rest of the peninsula. It was the first time that the British had captured and held a French colony.

On 6 December 1917, about 2,000 people were killed in the Halifax Explosion.

Nova Scotia's government is a democracy. Stephen McNeil is the premier and John James Grant is the lieutenant governor.


  1. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2016 census". February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  2. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". January 24, 2012. Retrieved April 3, 2012.
  3. "Population by year of Canada of Canada and territories". Statistics Canada. September 26, 2014. Retrieved September 29, 2018.
  4. "The Legal Context of Canada's Official Languages". University of Ottawa. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  5. "Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory (2013)". Statistics Canada. November 5, 2014. Retrieved October 11, 2015.

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