Northwest Territories

territory of Canada

The Northwest Territories is a territory in Northern Canada. 44,541 people live there as of 2018.[7] It is 1,171,918 square kilometers.

Northwest Territories
Coordinates: 69°30′01″N 121°30′08″W / 69.50028°N 121.50222°W / 69.50028; -121.50222
ConfederationJuly 15, 1870 (Hudson's Bay Company cedes territory to Canada) (6th)
Largest cityYellowknife
Largest metroYellowknife
 • CommissionerMargaret Thom
 • PremierCaroline Cochrane (consensus government)
LegislatureLegislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories
Federal representationParliament of Canada
House seats1 of 338 (0.3%)
Senate seats1 of 105 (1%)
 • Total1,346,106 km2 (519,734 sq mi)
 • Land1,183,085 km2 (456,792 sq mi)
 • Water163,021 km2 (62,943 sq mi)  12.1%
 • RankRanked 3rd
 13.5% of Canada
 • Total41,786 [1]
 • Estimate 
(2020 Q3)
45,074 [3]
 • RankRanked 11th
 • Density0.04/km2 (0.1/sq mi)
DemonymsNorthwest Territorian[4]
Official languages
 • Rank11th
 • Total (2017)C$4.856 billion[5]
 • Per capitaC$108,065 (1st)
 • HDI (2018)0.908[6]Very high (5th)
Time zoneUTC−07:00
Postal abbr.
Postal code prefix
ISO 3166 codeCA-NT
FlowerMountain avens
TreeTamarack Larch
Rankings include all provinces and territories

The capital of the Northwest Territories is Yellowknife. Yellowknife was the capital since 1967. The Northwest Territories have many geographical features, like the Great Bear Lake, the Mackenzie River and Nahanni River, which is a national park and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The Northwest Territories entered the Canadian Confederation in 1870. The Hudson's Bay Company gave the land to the Dominion of Canada. The Northwest Territories have one person in the House of Commons and the Canadian Senate. A lot of parts of the Northwest Territories were given to other provinces, including British Columbia, Alberta, Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec. In 1999, the eastern part of the Northwest Territories became the territory of Nunavut.


  1. "Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census – Canada, provinces and territories". 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. 8 February 2017.
  2. "Land and freshwater area, by province and territory". February 1, 2005.
  3. "Population by year of Canada of Canada and territories". Statistics Canada. September 26, 2014. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
  4. The terms Northwest Territorian(s) Hansard, Thursday, March 25, 2004 Archived March 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, and (informally) NWTer(s) Hansard, Monday, October 23, 2006 Archived March 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, occur in the official record of the territorial legislature. According to the Oxford Guide to Canadian English Usage (ISBN 0-19-541619-8; p. 335), there is no common term for a resident of Northwest Territories.
  5. "Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory (2017)". Statistics Canada. September 17, 2019. Retrieved September 17, 2019.
  6. "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2020-06-18.
  7. Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (8 February 2017). "Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census".

Other websites