Newfoundland and Labrador

province of Canada

Newfoundland and Labrador (French: Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador) is a province on the East Coast of Canada, and is the farthest east of all Canadian provinces and territories. The capital of Newfoundland and Labrador is St. John's. In 2016, 519,716 people lived in Newfoundland and Labrador.

Newfoundland and Labrador
Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador (French)
Quaerite prime regnum Dei  (Latin)
"Seek ye first the kingdom of God" (Matthew 6:33)
Coordinates: 53°13′48″N 59°59′57″W / 53.23000°N 59.99917°W / 53.23000; -59.99917
Confederation31 March 1949 (12th)
CapitalSt. John's
Largest citySt. John's
Largest metroSt. John's metropolitan area
 • TypeConstitutional monarchy
 • BodyGovernment of Newfoundland and Labrador
 • Lieutenant GovernorJudy Foote
 • PremierAndrew Furey (Liberal)
LegislatureNewfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly
Federal representationParliament of Canada
House seats7 of 338 (2.1%)
Senate seats6 of 105 (5.7%)
 • Total405,720 km2 (156,650 sq mi)
 • Land373,872 km2 (144,353 sq mi)
 • Water31,340 km2 (12,100 sq mi)  7.7%
 • RankRanked 10th
 4.1% of Canada
 • Total519,716 [1]
 • Estimate 
(2020 Q4)
520,998 [2]
 • RankRanked 9th
 • Density1.39/km2 (3.6/sq mi)
(see notes)[3]
Official languagesEnglish (de facto)[4]
 • Rank8th
 • Total (2011)C$33.624 billion[5]
 • Per capitaC$65,556 (5th)
 • HDI (2018)0.885[6]Very high (13th)
Time zone
Labrador (Black Tickle and North)UTC-04:00
Postal abbr.
NL (formerly NF)
Postal code prefix
ISO 3166 codeCA-NL
FlowerPitcher plant
TreeBlack spruce
BirdAtlantic puffin
Rankings include all provinces and territories

Newfoundland is an island, while Labrador is within the mainland of Canada and on a border with Quebec.



The province of Newfoundland and Labrador was originally called Newfoundland and joined Canada in 1949, becoming the newest province of Canada, after being a colony of the United Kingdom. Until an agreement was reached in 1927, Quebec also claimed Labrador.

In 2001, the name of Newfoundland changed to its new official name, Newfoundland and Labrador, while the postal code abbreviation changed from NF to NL. The island of Newfoundland, and part of Labrador, are in a time zone that is a half hour off from any other part of North America.


  1. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2016 and 2011 censuses". Statistics Canada. 2 February 2017. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  2. "Population by year of Canada of Canada and territories". Statistics Canada. 26 September 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  3. Although the term "Newfie" is sometimes used in casual speech, some Newfoundlanders consider it a pejorative.
  4. "The Legal Context of Canada's Official Languages". University of Ottawa. Archived from the original on December 21, 2016. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  5. "Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory (2011)". Statistics Canada. 19 November 2013. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
  6. "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2020-06-18.