Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador (French: Terre-Neuve-et-Labrador) is a province on the East Coast of Canada, and is the farthest east of all Canadian provinces and territories. The capital of Newfoundland and Labrador is St. John's. In 2016, 519,716 people lived in Newfoundland and Labrador.
Newfoundland and Labrador
|Confederation||31 March 1949 (12th)|
|Largest city||St. John's|
|Largest metro||St. John's metropolitan area|
|• Type||Constitutional monarchy|
|• Body||Government of Newfoundland and Labrador|
|• Lieutenant Governor||Judy Foote|
|• Premier||Andrew Furey (Liberal)|
|Legislature||Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly|
|Federal representation||Parliament of Canada|
|House seats||7 of 338 (2.1%)|
|Senate seats||6 of 105 (5.7%)|
|• Total||405,720 km2 (156,650 sq mi)|
|• Land||373,872 km2 (144,353 sq mi)|
|• Water||31,340 km2 (12,100 sq mi) 7.7%|
|Area rank||Ranked 10th|
|4.1% of Canada|
|• Total||519,716 |
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||Ranked 9th|
|• Density||1.39/km2 (3.6/sq mi)|
|Official languages||English (de facto)|
|• Total (2011)||C$33.624 billion|
|• Per capita||C$65,556 (5th)|
|• HDI (2018)||0.885 — Very high (13th)|
|Labrador (Black Tickle and North)||UTC-04:00|
NL (formerly NF)
|Postal code prefix|
|ISO 3166 code||CA-NL|
|Rankings include all provinces and territories|
The province of Newfoundland and Labrador was originally called Newfoundland and joined Canada in 1949, becoming the newest province of Canada, after being a colony of the United Kingdom. Until an agreement was reached in 1927, Quebec also claimed Labrador.
In 2001, the name of Newfoundland changed to its new official name, Newfoundland and Labrador, while the postal code abbreviation changed from NF to NL. The island of Newfoundland, and part of Labrador, are in a time zone that is a half hour off from any other part of North America.
- "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2016 and 2011 censuses". Statistics Canada. 2 February 2017. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
- "Population by year of Canada of Canada and territories". Statistics Canada. 26 September 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
- Although the term "Newfie" is sometimes used in casual speech, some Newfoundlanders consider it a pejorative.
- "The Legal Context of Canada's Official Languages". University of Ottawa. Archived from the original on December 21, 2016. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
- "Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory (2011)". Statistics Canada. 19 November 2013. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
- "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Global Data Lab". globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2020-06-18.