Open main menu

Prince Edward Island

province of Canada

Prince Edward Island (French: Île-du-Prince-Édouard) is a province of Canada. It is the smallest of Canada's ten provinces. Most of the people on Prince Edward Island speak English. Prince Edward Island was named for the son of King George lll of Britain, and it joined the Dominion of Canada in 1873.

Prince Edward Island

Île-du-Prince-Édouard (French)
Motto(s): 
Latin: Parva sub ingenti
(The small protected by the great)
Map of Canada with Prince Edward Island highlighted
Map of Canada with Prince Edward Island highlighted
ConfederationJuly 1, 1873 (8th)
CapitalCharlottetown
Largest cityCharlottetown
Largest metroCharlottetown
Government
 • Lieutenant GovernorFrank Lewis
 • PremierDennis King (PC)
LegislatureLegislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island
Federal representation(in Canadian Parliament)
House seats4 of 338 (1.2%)
Senate seats4 of 105 (3.8%)
Area
 • Total5,660 km2 (2,190 sq mi)
 • Land5,660 km2 (2,190 sq mi)
 • Water0 km2 (0 sq mi)  0%
Area rankRanked 13th
 0.1% of Canada
Population
 (2011)
 • Total140,204 [2]
 • RankRanked 10th
 • Density24.77/km2 (64.2/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Prince Edward Islander, Islander
Official languagesEnglish (de facto)
GDP
 • Rank10th
 • Total (2009)C$4.75 billion[3]
 • Per capitaC$31,278 (13th)
Time zoneUTC-4
Postal abbr.
PE
Postal code prefixC
ISO 3166 codeCA-PE
FlowerPink Lady's Slipper
TreeRed Oak
BirdBlue Jay
Websitewww.gov.pe.ca
Rankings include all provinces and territories
Location of Prince Edward Island (in red, inside red circle) in Canada (in white)

This province is 224 km (139 miles) long and 4 to 60 kilometers (2.5 to 37 miles) wide. The capital, and also the largest city, is Charlottetown.

Prince Edward Island is known for being the location for novels written by Lucy Maud Montgomery including Anne of Green Gables.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Land and freshwater area, by province and territory". Statistics Canada. February 1, 2005. Retrieved August 5, 2012.
  2. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statcan.gc.ca. February 8, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
  3. "Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory". 0.statcan.ca. November 4, 2010. Retrieved February 23, 2011.