Prince Edward Island

province of Canada

Prince Edward Island (PEI; French: Île-du-Prince-Édouard) is a province of Canada. It is the smallest of Canada's ten provinces. Most of the people on Prince Edward Island speak English. Prince Edward Island was named for the son of King George lll of Britain, and it joined the Dominion of Canada in 1873.

Prince Edward Island
Île-du-Prince-Édouard  (French)
Epekwitk  (Mi'kmaq)
Eilean a' Phrionnsa  (Scottish Gaelic)
Latin: Parva sub ingenti
(The small protected by the great)

(Les petits sous la protection des grands  (French))
Coordinates: 46°30′00″N 63°00′00″W / 46.50000°N 63.00000°W / 46.50000; -63.00000
ConfederationJuly 1, 1873 (8th)
Largest cityCharlottetown
Largest metroCharlottetown
 • TypeConstitutional monarchy
 • BodyGovernment of Prince Edward Island
 • Lieutenant GovernorAntoinette Perry
 • PremierDennis King (PC)
LegislatureLegislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island
Federal representationParliament of Canada
House seats4 of 338 (1.2%)
Senate seats4 of 105 (3.8%)
 • Total5,660 km2 (2,190 sq mi)
 • Land5,660 km2 (2,190 sq mi)
 • Water0 km2 (0 sq mi)  0%
 • RankRanked 13th
 0.1% of Canada
 • Total142,907 [1]
 • Estimate 
(2020 Q4)
159,713 [3]
 • RankRanked 10th
 • Density25.25/km2 (65.4/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Prince Edward Islander, Islander PEIer
Official languagesEnglish (de facto)[4]
 • Rank10th
 • Total (2017)6.652 billion
 • Per capitaC$36,740 (13th)
 • HDI (2018)0.908[5]Very high (5th)
Time zoneUTC-04:00 (Atlantic)
Postal abbr.
Postal code prefix
ISO 3166 codeCA-PE
FlowerPink lady's slipper
TreeRed oak
BirdBlue jay
Rankings include all provinces and territories
Location of Prince Edward Island (in red, inside red circle) in Canada (in white)

This province is 224 kilometres (139 mi) long and 4 to 60 kilometers (2.5 to 37 miles) wide. The capital, and also the largest city, is Charlottetown.

Prince Edward Island is known for being the location for novels written by Lucy Maud Montgomery including Anne of Green Gables. It is also important for being the "Birthplace of Confederation", because the Charlottetown Conference in 1864 was in Prince Edward Island.

Government and politics


Prince Edward Island is a parliamentary constitutional monarchy. The current monarch is King Charles III, the King of Canada. Charles III is represented in Prince Edward Island by the Lieutenant Governor.


  1. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2016 and 2011 censuses". Statistics Canada. February 6, 2017. Archived from the original on October 12, 2017. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  2. "Land and freshwater area, by province and territory". Statistics Canada. February 1, 2005. Retrieved August 5, 2012.
  3. "Population by year of Canada of Canada and territories". Statistics Canada. September 26, 2014. Archived from the original on June 19, 2016. Retrieved September 29, 2018.
  4. "The Legal Context of Canada's Official Languages". University of Ottawa. Archived from the original on October 10, 2017. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  5. "Sub-national HDI - Subnational HDI - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2020-06-18.

Other websites