The Commonwealth of Dominica is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea. It is an English-speaking country. It is between the French-speaking territories of Guadeloupe and Martinique. The island is 751 km² (290 mi²) in area. Roseau is its capital. Portsmouth is another main town. Almost 70,000 people live on the island.
Commonwealth of Dominica
Motto: "Après Bondie, C'est La Ter" (Antillean Creole)
"After God is the Earth"
"Après le Bon Dieu, c'est la Terre"
and largest city
|Vernacular languages||Dominican Creole French|
|Ethnic groups |
Carib Amerindian 2.9%
• from the United Kingdom
|3 November 1978|
|790 km2 (310 sq mi) (184th)|
• Water (%)
• July 2009 estimate
• 2011 census
|105/km2 (271.9/sq mi) (95th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2011 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2011 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2007)|| 0.724|
high · 73rd
|Currency||East Caribbean dollar (XCD)|
|Time zone||UTC–4 (Eastern Caribbean)|
|ISO 3166 code||DM|
The country is nicknamed the Nature Island of the Caribbean.
The indigenous Carib people lived in Dominca before it was found by Europeans. They called it Wai‘tu kubuli, which means "Tall is her body."
In August 1979, Hurricane David, wiped out its entire infrastructure. On 21 November 2004, the island was hit by its most destructive earthquake in history; Portsmouth and the northern area were deeply affected.
On 18 September 2018, Hurricane Maria, the most powerful storm to hit the island, severely damaged its infrastructure and cut off all its communications to the outside world. The Assessment Capacities Project estimates that the hurricane has caused $1.37 billion in losses across the island, which is equal to 226 percent of its 2016 GDP. As of April 12, there are 65 fatalities confirmed across the island, including 34 who are missing and presumed to be dead.
Dominica is divided into 10 parishes, given below with their 2011 Census populations:
- Dominica Ethnic groups 2001 Census
- "Office of the President". Government of the Commonwealth of Dominica. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- "Dominica". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2012-04-18.
- The Commonwealth Website
- "Hurricane Maria". Wikipedia. 2018-11-03.
- "Disaster Officials Issue Warning as Things Cool Down At Dominica's Boiling Lake". Caribbean 360. November 22, 2016. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- "Morne Trois Pitons National Park by World Heritage Sites". Whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 16 December 2016.