island sovereign state in the Caribbean Sea

The Commonwealth of Dominica is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea. It is an English-speaking country.[4] It is between the French-speaking territories of Guadeloupe and Martinique. The island is 751 km² (290 mi²) in area. Roseau is its capital. Portsmouth is another main town. Almost 70,000 people live on the island.

Commonwealth of Dominica
Coat of arms of Dominica
Coat of arms
Motto: "Après Bondie, C'est La Ter"  (Antillean Creole)
"After God is the Earth"
"Après le Bon Dieu, c'est la Terre"
Anthem: Isle of Beauty, Isle of Splendour
Location of Dominica
and largest city
15°18′N 61°23′W / 15.300°N 61.383°W / 15.300; -61.383
Official languagesEnglish
Recognised national languages
Ethnic groups
Black 86.8%
Mixed 8.9%
Carib Amerindian 2.9%
White 0.8%
Other 0.7%[1]
GovernmentParliamentary republic
• President
Sylvanie Burton[2]
Roosevelt Skerrit
• from the United Kingdom
3 November 1978
• Total
790 km2 (310 sq mi) (184th)
• Water (%)
• July 2009 estimate
72,660 (195th)
• 2011 census
• Density
105/km2 (271.9/sq mi) (95th)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$977 million[3]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
$489 million[3]
• Per capita
HDI (2007)Increase 0.724
high · 73rd
CurrencyEast Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time zoneUTC–4 (Eastern Caribbean)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+1-767
ISO 3166 codeDM
  1. Rank based on 2005 UN estimate.

The currency of the island is the East Caribbean dollar.

The island's name comes from the Latin for Sunday, Dies Dominica. It is not the Spanish-speaking Dominican Republic in the Greater Antilles.

The country is nicknamed the Nature Island of the Caribbean.

Dominica is most famously depicted in Jean Rhys' classic prequel to Jane Eyre, Wide Sargasso Sea.



The indigenous Carib people lived in Dominca before it was found by Europeans. They called it Wai‘tu kubuli, which means "Tall is her body."

Christopher Columbus came to Dominica in 1493. In 1763, it became a territory of the United Kingdom from which its independence was received on 3 November 1978.

In August 1979, Hurricane David, wiped out its entire infrastructure. On 21 November 2004, the island was hit by its most destructive earthquake in history; Portsmouth and the northern area were deeply affected.

On 18 September 2018, Hurricane Maria, the most powerful storm to hit the island, severely damaged its infrastructure and cut off all its communications to the outside world. The Assessment Capacities Project estimates that the hurricane has caused $1.37 billion in losses across the island, which is equal to 226 percent of its 2016 GDP. As of April 12, there are 65 fatalities confirmed across the island, including 34 who are missing and presumed to be dead.[5]

In 1980, Dame Eugenia Charles became its prime minister, the first female government leader in the West Indies.



Dominica is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea. It is the northernmost of the Windward Islands.

Dominica is largely covered by rainforest. It is home to the world's second-largest hot spring, Boiling Lake.[6]

Morne Trois Pitons National Park is a tropical forest with scenic volcanic features. It was recognised as a World Heritage Site on 4 April 1995.[7]

Administrative divisions


Dominica is divided into 10 parishes, given below with their 2011 Census populations:



Cricket is a popular sport on the island. Dominica competes in test cricket as part of the West Indies cricket team.

Netball, basketball, rugby, tennis and association football are gaining popularity as well.



  1. "Dominica Ethnic groups 2001 Census". Archived from the original on 2016-01-30. Retrieved 2012-05-25.
  2. "Office of the President". Government of the Commonwealth of Dominica. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Dominica". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2012-04-18.
  4. The Commonwealth Website
  5. "Hurricane Maria". Wikipedia. 2018-11-03.
  6. "Disaster Officials Issue Warning as Things Cool Down At Dominica's Boiling Lake". Caribbean 360. November 22, 2016. Archived from the original on 27 November 2016. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  7. "Morne Trois Pitons National Park by World Heritage Sites". Retrieved 16 December 2016.

Other websites