sovereign state in Central America

Honduras is a country in Central America. Its capital is Tegucigalpa. Most people of Honduras speak the Spanish language (while English has mostly widely spoken). 10,636,227 people live in Honduras and it is 112,492 square kilometres (43,433 sq mi) in size. It is next to El Salvador. To one side is the Caribbean Sea and to the other in the Pacific Ocean.

Republic of Honduras
República de Honduras  (Spanish)
Coat of arms of Honduras
Coat of arms
  • "Libre, Soberana e Independiente" (Spanish)
  • "Free, Sovereign and Independent"
Anthem: "Himno Nacional de Honduras"
"National Anthem of Honduras"
Location of Honduras
and largest city
14°6′N 87°13′W / 14.100°N 87.217°W / 14.100; -87.217
Official languagesSpanish
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
• President
Xiomara Castro
Salvador Nasralla
Luis Redondo Guifarro
LegislatureNational Congress
• Declaredb from Spain
15 September 1821
• Declared from the
First Mexican Empire
1 July 1823
• Declared, as Honduras, from the Federal Republic of Central America
5 November 1838
• Total
112,492 km2 (43,433 sq mi) (101st)
• 2021 estimate
10,278,345[3][4] (95th)
• 2013 census
• Density
85/km2 (220.1/sq mi) (128th)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$49.010 billion[5] (104th)
• Per capita
$5,817[5] (133rd)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$23.835 billion[5] (108th)
• Per capita
$2,829[5] (128th)
Gini (2018)Negative increase 52.1[6]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.632[7]
medium · 133rd
CurrencyLempira (HNL)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+504
ISO 3166 codeHN
Internet TLD.hn
  1. Mixture of European and American Indian.
  2. As part of the Federal Republic of Central America.
Population estimates explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected, as of July 2007.

The ethnic makeup of Honduras is 90% mestizo, 7% amerindian, 2% black, and 1% white.[8]

Honduras has the world's 4th highest murder rate.[9]


Departmental division of Honduras

Honduras is divided into 18 departments. The capital city is Tegucigalpa in the Central District.

  1. Atlántida
  2. Choluteca
  3. Colón
  4. Comayagua
  5. Copán
  6. Cortés
  7. El Paraíso
  8. Francisco Morazán
  9. Gracias a Dios
  10. Intibucá
  11. Islas de la Bahía
  12. La Paz
  13. Lempira
  14. Ocotepeque
  15. Olancho
  16. Santa Bárbara
  17. Valle
  18. Yoro


  1. "Honduras". The World Factbook. 5 January 2016. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  2. "Religion in Latin America: Widespread Change in a Historically Catholic Region" (PDF). November 2014. p. 14. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  3. "World Population Prospects 2022". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
  4. "World Population Prospects 2022: Demographic indicators by region, subregion and country, annually for 1950-2100" (XSLX). population.un.org ("Total Population, as of 1 July (thousands)"). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2018". IMF.org. International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  6. "Gini Index coefficient". CIA World Factbook. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  7. Human Development Report 2020 The Next Frontier: Human Development and the Anthropocene (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 15 December 2020. pp. 343–346. ISBN 978-92-1-126442-5. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  8. "Honduras - ETHNIC GROUPS". countrystudies.us. Retrieved 2020-03-09.
  9. Peter (2020-06-17). "Countries by murder rate – ranked". The Facts Institute. Retrieved 2021-09-13.