Federal Republic of Central America

Former country in Central America (1823–1839/1841)

The Federal Republic of Central America was known as the United Provinces of Central America in its first year of creation. It was an independent nation in Central America. It was made up of the former territories of the Mexican Empire. It existed from September 1821 to 1841. It was a republican democracy.

  • United Provinces of Central America
  • Provincias Unidas de Centroamérica

  • Federal Republic of Central America
  • República Federal de Centroamérica
Flag of Central America
Coat of arms (1824–1841) of Central America
Coat of arms
Anthem: La Granadera
"The Song of the Grenadier"
Location of Central America
Common languagesSpanish
Demonym(s)Central American
GovernmentRevolutionary republic
• 1825–1828
Manuel José Arce (first)
• 1829, 1830–1834, 1835–1839
Francisco Morazán (last)
Historical eraSpanish American wars of independence
• Independence from the Spanish Empire
15 September 1821
• Independence from the First Mexican Empire
1 July 1823
• Disestablished
February 1841
CurrencyCentral American real
Preceded by
Succeeded by
First Mexican Empire
Costa Rica
El Salvador
Los Altos

The republic was made up of the present-day countries of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica (Panama was part of the Republica de Colombia in 1821). Los Altos was added to the republic in the 1830's. Its capital was Quetzaltenango. Although the nation was independent of Spain, it had been annexed by the First Mexican Empire.