Yiddish is a language used by some Jews. At first, it was a dialect of German that Jews began to use in Europe about 1000 years ago. It was and still is used in the United States, especially in New York City, and other countries that now have Jews.
|ייִדיש, יידיש or אידיש yidish/idish/yidish|
|Pronunciation||[ˈjɪdɪʃ] or [ˈɪdɪʃ]|
|Native to||Central, Eastern, and Western Europe|
|Region||Israel, North America, other regions with Jewish populations|
|(1.5 million cited 1986–1991 + half undated)|
|Hebrew alphabet (Yiddish orthography)|
|Regulated by||no formal bodies;|
YIVO de facto
ydd – Eastern Yiddish
yih – Western Yiddish
Most Yiddish words come from German, but many words are also from Hebrew and Slavic languages, especially Polish, and some from French, Hungarian and Latin. Yiddish is written usually by the Hebrew alphabet.
In the world, Yiddish is spoken by about 3 million people, mainly Hasidic Jews.
In the Netherlands and Sweden, Yiddish is protected by the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.
- Yiddish at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Eastern Yiddish at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Western Yiddish at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Yiddish". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. Cite uses deprecated parameter
|Yiddish edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia|