List of counties in Vermont

Wikimedia list article

There are 14 counties in the U.S. state of Vermont. These counties together contain 255 political units, or places, including 237 towns, 9 cities, 5 unincorporated areas, and 4 gores. Each county has a county seat, known in Vermont as shire town. In 1779, Vermont had two counties. The western side of the state was called Bennington County and the eastern was called Cumberland County.[1] In 1781, Cumberland County was made into three counties in Vermont plus another county named Washington (not the same as the modern Washington County) that then became part of New Hampshire. Today's Washington County was known as Jefferson County from its start in 1810 until it was renamed in 1814. Essex County, Orleans County, and Caledonia County are commonly called the Northeast Kingdom.

List change

County FIPS Code
Shire Town
Formed from
Meaning of name
Land Area
Addison County 001 Middlebury 1785 Part of Rutland County. Joseph Addison (1672–1719), an English politician and writer. 37,363 766 sq mi
(1,984 km2)
Bennington County 003 Bennington,
1779 One of the original two counties. Benning Wentworth (1696–1770), the colonial governor of New Hampshire (1741–1766). 37,347 675 sq mi
(1,748 km2)
Caledonia County 005 St. Johnsbury 1792 Part of Orange County. Latin name for Scotland. 30,233 649 sq mi
(1,681 km2)
Chittenden County 007 Burlington 1787 Part of Addison County. Thomas Chittenden (1730–1797), first governor of Vermont (1791–1797). 168,323 537 sq mi
(1,391 km2)
Essex County 009 Guildhall 1792 Part of Orange County. Essex, a county in England. 5,920 663 sq mi
(1,717 km2)
Franklin County 011 St. Albans (city) 1792 Part of Chittenden County. Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790), one of the most revered Founding Fathers of the United States. 49,946 631 sq mi
(1,634 km2)
Grand Isle County 013 North Hero 1802 Part of Chittenden County and Franklin County. Largest island in Lake Champlain. 7,293 82 sq mi
(212 km2)
Lamoille County 015 Hyde Park (town) 1835 Parts of Chittenden County, Franklin County, Orleans County and Washington County. La Mouette (meaning the seagull), named by French explorer Samuel de Champlain (~1570–1635) but written as La Mouelle by mistake, and later corrupted to current spelling. 25,945 462 sq mi
(1,197 km2)
Orange County 017 Chelsea 1781 Part of Cumberland County. Prince William (1650–1702) of Orange. 29,277 687 sq mi
(1,779 km2)
Orleans County 019 Newport (city) 1792 Part of Chittenden County and Orange County. City of Orléans, France. 27,393 695 sq mi
(1,800 km2)
Rutland County 021 Rutland (city) 1781 Part of Bennington County. Town of Rutland, Massachusetts. 60,572 930 sq mi
(2,409 km2)
Washington County 023 Montpelier 1810 Parts of Orange County, Caledonia County, and Chittenden County. George Washington (1732–1799), first President of the United States (1789–1797). 59,807 687 sq mi
(1,779 km2)
Windham County 025 Newfane 1779[a]
(as Cumberland County)
(renamed 1781)
One of the original two counties. Town of Windham, Connecticut. 45,905 785 sq mi
(2,033 km2)
Windsor County 027 Woodstock 1781 Part of Cumberland County. Town of Windsor, Connecticut. 57,753 970 sq mi
(2,512 km2)

Notes change

  • a There are several sources that state the formation year for Windham County is 1781 and that Cumberland County was dissolved rather than renamed.[4]

References change

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Vermont County Information". Genealogy Trails. Retrieved 2007-07-22.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 National Association of Counties. "NACo County Explorer". Retrieved January 18, 2024.
  3. Kane, Joseph; Aiken, Charles (2004). The American Counties: Origins of County Names, Dates of Creation, and Population Data, 1950-2000. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0810850362.
  4. "Vermont: Consolidated Chronology of State and County Boundaries". The Newberry Library. 2008. Archived from the original on 2012-02-24. Retrieved 2009-06-03.