The term mammoth may refer to a number of organisms, but is used here to describe the hairy proboscidean of the genus Mammuthus. They lived in Europe until 4,500 years ago, and were adapted to cold climate. They were killed off by hunters and climate change.
|A woolly mammoth|
They lived in the Pliocene and Pleistocene epochs. In the Pleistocene, northern Europe was covered with ice and tundra. There were a series of ice ages, which allowed the mammoths to spread across the land.
Related pages Edit
- "Woolly Mammoth ('Mammuthus primigenius)". The Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2012-03-07.
- Guthrie R.D (2004). "Radiocarbon evidence of mid-Holocene mammoths stranded on an Alaskan Bering Sea island". Nature. 429 (6993): 746–9. Bibcode:2004Natur.429..746D. doi:10.1038/nature02612. PMID 15201907. S2CID 4394371.
- Staff (2008). "Scientists sequence woolly-mammoth genome". Penn State Live. Penn State University. Archived from the original on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 25 November 2008.
- Fox, Maggie (2008). "Mammoth genome sequence may explain extinction". Reuters. Retrieved 20 November 2008.
- Gilbert, Thomas P. (2007). "Whole-Genome Shotgun Sequencing of Mitochondria from Ancient Hair Shafts" (PDF). Science. Washington DC: American Association for the Advancement of Science. 317 (5846): 1927–1930. Bibcode:2007Sci...317.1927G. doi:10.1126/science.1146971. ISSN 1095-9203. PMID 17901335. S2CID 84787255. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 December 2008. Retrieved 25 November 2008.