Columbus, Ohio

capital city of Ohio, United States of America

Columbus is the capital city and largest city of the U.S. state of Ohio. It is in the middle of the state. The Ohio State Buckeyes and Columbus Blue Jackets play there. In 2020 there were 905,748 people.[4]

Flag of Columbus
Official seal of Columbus
Map of Columbus, Ohio
Columbus is located in Ohio
Location of Columbus in Ohio
Columbus is located in the United States
Location of Columbus in the United States
Coordinates: 39°57′44″N 83°00′02″W / 39.96222°N 83.00056°W / 39.96222; -83.00056
Country United States
State Ohio
CountiesFranklin, Delaware, Fairfield
SettledFebruary 14, 1812; 212 years ago (1812-02-14)
IncorporatedFebruary 10, 1816; 208 years ago (1816-02-10)[1]
Named forChristopher Columbus
 • MayorAndrew Ginther (D)
 • City Council
 • State capital city226.26 sq mi (586.00 km2)
 • Land220.40 sq mi (570.82 km2)
 • Water5.86 sq mi (15.18 km2)
902 ft (275 m)
 • State capital city905,748
 • Rank14th in the United States
1st in Ohio
 • Density4,109.64/sq mi (1,586.74/km2)
 • Urban
1,567,254 (US: 35th)
 • Urban density3,036.4/sq mi (1,172.3/km2)
 • Metro2,138,926 (US: 32nd)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
Zip Codes[7]
Area codes614 and 380
FIPS code39-18000
GNIS feature ID1080996[8]
Major airportsJohn Glenn Columbus International Airport, Rickenbacker International Airport
Local transportationCentral Ohio Transit Authority Edit this at Wikidata

Columbus is the second largest city in the American Midwest, and the fourteenth largest city in the United States of America. It is the county seat of Franklin County.[9] The city has expanded and annexed portions of adjoining Delaware County and Fairfield County. It is named for explorer Christopher Columbus. The city was founded in 1812 at the confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers. It became Ohio's state capital in 1816. The city has a diverse economy based on education, government, insurance, banking, fashion, defense, aviation, food, clothes, logistics, steel, energy, medical research, health care, hospitality, retail, and technology.

Columbus has many technology companies. It has the world's largest private research and development foundation, the Battelle Memorial Institute; CAS, or Chemical Abstracts Service, the world's largest clearinghouse of chemical information; NetJets, the world's largest fractional ownership jet aircraft fleet; and The Ohio State University, the nation's largest campus.[10]

In 2008, MarketWatch named Columbus as the 7th best place to do business in the nation.[11] In 2011, the city had five corporations named to the U.S. Fortune 500 list including Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company, American Electric Power, Limited Brands, Momentive Specialty Chemicals, and Big Lots.[12] Major foreign corporations operating or with divisions in the city include Germany-based Siemens and Roxane Laboratories, Finland-based Vaisala, Tomasco Mulciber Inc., and A Y Manufacturing, as well as Switzerland-based ABB Group and Mettler Toledo.

Television stations

Channel Callsign Format
8 WGCT-CD (Ind)
17 WDEM-CD (Ind)
23 W23BZ-D (Ind)
28 WTTE (Fox)
33 WCSN-LD (Ind)
53 WWHO (CW)


  1. Assembly, Ohio General (May 22, 1912). "Legislative Manual of the State of Ohio" – via Google Books.
  2. "City Council: Staff Directory". City of Columbus. Archived from the original on April 24, 2020. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
  3. "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "QuickFacts: Columbus city, Ohio". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 14, 2024.
  5. "2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2021.
  6. "Things you'll never hear a Columbusite say". News Radio 610 WTVN. April 25, 2014. Archived from the original on October 31, 2014.
  7. "Zip Code Lookup". USPS. Archived from the original on September 3, 2007. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
  8. U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Columbus, Ohio
  9. National Association of Counties. "NACo County Explorer". Retrieved March 14, 2024.
  10. "Leader of nation's biggest campus taking on tenure", Andrew Welsh-Huggins. Boston Globe. February 4, 2010. Retrieved September 14, 2010.
  11. Market Watch, Best Places to do business. Retrieved July 26, 2009.
  12. "Fortune 500", CNN Money. 2011. Retrieved June 4, 2011.