Michigan is the 11th largest state in the United States. It is made up of two peninsulas (connected by the Mackinac Bridge). It borders the U.S. states of Wisconsin, Indiana, Ohio, Minnesota, and Illinois. Its borders with Minnesota and Illinois are only by water. It also borders Canada by water. It was the 26th state to join the union on January 26, 1837. In 1847, Michigan became the first U.S. state to abolish the death penalty.
|State of Michigan|
"The Great Lake(s) State", "The Wolverine State", "The Mitten State", "Water (Winter) Wonderland"
|Motto(s): Si quaeris peninsulam amoenam circumspice|
(English: "If you seek a pleasant peninsula, look about you")
|State song(s): "My Michigan"|
|Official language||None (English, de facto)|
|Spoken languages||English 91.11%|
|Demonym||Michigander, Michiganian, Yooper (for residents of the Upper Peninsula)|
|Largest metro||Metro Detroit|
|• Total||96,716 sq mi |
|• Width||386 miles (621 km)|
|• Length||456 miles (734 km)|
|• % water||41.5|
|• Latitude||41° 41' N to 48° 18' N|
|• Longitude||82° 7' W to 90° 25' W|
|• Total||9,995,915 (2018)|
|• Density||174/sq mi (67.1/km2)|
|• Median household income||$54,203 (31st)|
|• Highest point||Mount Arvon[a]|
1,979 ft (603 m)
|• Mean||900 ft (270 m)|
|• Lowest point||Lake Erie[a]|
571 ft (174 m)
|Before statehood||Michigan Territory|
|Admission to Union||January 26, 1837 (26th)|
|Governor||Gretchen Whitmer (D)|
|Lieutenant Governor||Garlin Gilchrist (D)|
|• Upper house||Senate|
|• Lower house||House of Representatives|
|U.S. Senators||Debbie Stabenow (D) |
Gary Peters (D)
|U.S. House delegation||7 Democrats|
7 Republicans (list)
|• most of state||Eastern: UTC −5/−4|
|• 4 U.P. counties (Gogebic, Iron, Dickinson, and Menominee)||Central: UTC −6/−5|
|Michigan state symbols|
|Bird||American robin (Turdus migratorius)|
|Fish||Brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis)|
|Flower||Apple blossom (Malus domestica)|
Wildflower: Dwarf lake iris (Iris lacustris)
|Mammal||Unofficial: Wolverine (Gulo gulo luscus)|
Game animal: White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
|Reptile||Painted turtle (Chrysemys picta)|
|Tree||Eastern white pine (Pinus strobus)|
|Fossil||Mastodon (Mammut americanum)|
|Gemstone||Isle Royale greenstone|
|State route marker|
Released in 2004
|Lists of United States state symbols|
Michigan is noted as the place where many automobiles were made, and it still shows today. Michigan is 50% forest, which makes it very useful to the lumber industry. It also borders four of the Great Lakes, which are some of the largest reservoirs of fresh water in the world. Lake Superior is the largest body of freshwater in the world.
Culture and weatherEdit
The state experiences four seasons, with the winter being predominant and severe in the north, while the south has more mild, equally long seasons. The northern areas are very popular for skiing in the winter. The National Ski Hall of Fame can be found in Ishpeming in the Upper Peninsula. It is surrounded by four of the five Great Lakes. It is also home to the largest mosque in North America, the Islamic Center of America in Dearborn.
Due to the large amount of water surrounding the state, boating is very popular in the warmer months. There are more private boats registered in Michigan than in any other state.
Many famous people have come from Michigan. They include the singer Madonna, the comedian Andy Richter, singer Stevie Wonder, Anthony Kiedis, former president Gerald Ford, singer Kid Rock, rapper Eminem, the former Reverend Jim Bakker, basketball legend Magic Johnson, Diana Ross, and Aretha Franklin. Also it was the home of Henry Ford, the founder of Ford Motor Company.
Michigan has several state universities including Michigan State University, University of Michigan, Grand Valley State University and Western Michigan University. The state also has many private colleges.
- "License plate facts" (PDF).
- Hansen, Liane (September 27, 2009). "What Is a Yooper?". Weekend Edition Sunday. NPR. Retrieved June 13, 2013.
- "Michigan in Brief: Information About the State of Michigan" (PDF). Department of History, Arts and Libraries. Retrieved November 28, 2006.
- "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
- "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
- "The Abolition Movement: A Brief History". Amnesty International. Retrieved 2009-09-03.
- "Michigan Public Colleges and Universities". Michigan Start Pages. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
- Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
Media related to Michigan at Wikimedia Commons