Michigan is one of the fifty states in the United States of America. It is the 11th largest state in the United States. It is made up of two peninsulas (connected by the Mackinac Bridge): the only state to be so. It borders the U.S. states of Wisconsin, Indiana, Ohio, Minnesota, and Illinois. Its borders with Minnesota and Illinois are only by water. It also borders Canada by water. It was the 26th state to join the union on January 26, 1837. In 1847, Michigan became the first U.S. state to abolish the death penalty.
|State of Michigan|
"The Great Lake(s) State", "The Wolverine State", "The Mitten State", "Water (Winter) Wonderland"
Si quaeris peninsulam amoenam circumspice
(English: "If you seek a pleasant peninsula, look about you")
|Anthem: "My Michigan"|
|Before statehood||Michigan Territory|
|Admitted to the Union||January 26, 1837 (26th)|
|Largest metro and urban areas||Detroit|
|• Governor||Gretchen Whitmer (D)|
|• Lieutenant Governor||Garlin Gilchrist (D)|
|• Upper house||Senate|
|• Lower house||House of Representatives|
|Judiciary||Michigan Supreme Court|
|U.S. senators||Debbie Stabenow (D) |
Gary Peters (D)
|U.S. House delegation||7 Democrats|
7 Republicans (list)
|• Total||96,716 sq mi (250,493 km2)|
|• Length||456 mi (734 km)|
|• Width||386 mi (621 km)|
|Elevation||900 ft (270 m)|
|Highest elevation||1,979 ft (603 m)|
|Lowest elevation||571 ft (174 m)|
|• Density||174/sq mi (67.1/km2)|
|• Density rank||17th|
|• Median household income||$54,909|
|• Income rank||34th|
|Demonym(s)||Michigander, Michiganian, Yooper (for residents of the Upper Peninsula)|
|• Official language||None (English, de facto)|
|• Spoken language||English 91.11%|
|most of state||UTC−05:00 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (EDT)|
|4 U.P. counties (Gogebic, Iron, Dickinson, and Menominee)||UTC−06:00 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−05:00 (CDT)|
|ISO 3166 code||US-MI|
|Latitude||41°41′ N to 48°18′ N|
|Longitude||82°7′ W to 90°25′ W|
|Michigan state symbols|
|Bird||American robin (Turdus migratorius)|
|Fish||Brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis)|
|Flower||Apple blossom (Malus domestica)|
Wildflower: Dwarf lake iris (Iris lacustris)
|Mammal||Unofficial: Wolverine (Gulo gulo luscus)|
Game animal: White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
|Reptile||Painted turtle (Chrysemys picta)|
|Tree||Eastern white pine (Pinus strobus)|
|Fossil||Mastodon (Mammut americanum)|
|Gemstone||Isle Royale greenstone|
|State route marker|
Released in 2004
|Lists of United States state symbols|
Native American tribes first settled in Michigan before the arrival of Europeans.
Michigan is noted as the place where many automobiles were made, and it still shows today. Michigan is 50% forest, which makes it very useful to the lumber industry. It also borders four of the Great Lakes, which are some of the largest reservoirs of fresh water in the world. Lake Superior is the largest body of freshwater in the world.
Culture and weatherEdit
The state experiences four seasons, with the winter being predominant and severe in the north, while the south has more mild, equally long seasons. The northern areas are very popular for skiing in the winter. The National Ski Hall of Fame can be found in Ishpeming in the Upper Peninsula. It is surrounded by four of the five Great Lakes. It is also home to the largest mosque in North America, the Islamic Center of America in Dearborn.
Due to the large amount of water surrounding the state, boating is very popular in the warmer months. There are more private boats registered in Michigan than in any other state.
Many famous people have come from Michigan. They include the singer Madonna, the comedian Andy Richter, singer Stevie Wonder, Anthony Kiedis, former president Gerald Ford, singer Kid Rock, rapper Eminem, the former Reverend Jim Bakker, basketball legend Magic Johnson, Diana Ross, and Aretha Franklin, as well as being the home of Henry Ford, the founder of Ford Motor Company.
Michigan has several state universities including Michigan State University, University of Michigan, Saginaw Valley State University, Grand Valley State University, Northern Michigan University and Western Michigan University. The state also has many private colleges.
The current governor is Gretchen Whitmer, a Democrat who took office in January 2019, and its two national senators are Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters, both Democrats. Out of its 14 congressmen, 7 are Democrats, 6 are Republicans and Justin Amash is a Libertarian. In any event, Michigan had once been reliably blue in presidential elections, having voted for the Democrat in presidential elections since 1988, but then in 2016 it swung red to support Donald Trump. It will be regarded in future as a Swing State.
In comparison to the MidwestEdit
In general, Michigan is more liberal than the states of Indiana, Wisconsin and Ohio, about as liberal as Pennsylvania and Iowa, and less liberal than Illinois and Minnesota.[source?] In the State Legislature, Republicans control both houses, although this is true even in Indiana, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Iowa and Ohio.
- "License plate facts" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2017. Retrieved May 1, 2017.
- "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
- "Resident Population for the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico: 2020 Census" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 26, 2021.
- "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
- Hansen, Liane (September 27, 2009). "What Is a Yooper?". Weekend Edition Sunday. NPR. Archived from the original on August 21, 2013. Retrieved June 13, 2013.
- "The Abolition Movement: A Brief History". Amnesty International. Archived from the original on 2010-03-06. Retrieved 2009-09-03.
- "Michigan Public Colleges and Universities". Michigan Start Pages. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
- Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
Media related to Michigan at Wikimedia Commons