state of the United States of America

Michigan is the 11th largest state in the United States. It is made up of two peninsulas (connected by the Mackinac Bridge). It borders the U.S. states of Wisconsin, Indiana, Ohio, Minnesota, and Illinois. Its borders with Minnesota and Illinois are only by water. It also borders Canada by water. It was the 26th state to join the union on January 26, 1837. In 1847, Michigan became the first U.S. state to abolish the death penalty.[6]

State of Michigan
Flag of Michigan State seal of Michigan
Flag Seal
"The Great Lake(s) State",[1] "The Wolverine State", "The Mitten State", "Water (Winter) Wonderland"
Motto(s): Si quaeris peninsulam amoenam circumspice
(English: "If you seek a pleasant peninsula, look about you")
State song(s): "My Michigan"
Map of the United States with Michigan highlighted
Official languageNone (English, de facto)
Spoken languagesEnglish 91.11%
Spanish 2.93%
Arabic 1.04%
Other 4.92%
DemonymMichigander, Michiganian, Yooper (for residents of the Upper Peninsula)[2]
Largest cityDetroit
Largest metroMetro Detroit
AreaRanked 11th
 • Total96,716 sq mi
(250,493 km2)
 • Width386[3] miles (621 km)
 • Length456[3] miles (734 km)
 • % water41.5
 • Latitude41° 41' N to 48° 18' N
 • Longitude82° 7' W to 90° 25' W
PopulationRanked 10th
 • Total9,995,915 (2018)
 • Density174/sq mi  (67.1/km2)
Ranked 17th
 • Median household income$54,203[4] (31st)
 • Highest pointMount Arvon[5][a]
1,979 ft (603 m)
 • Mean900 ft  (270 m)
 • Lowest pointLake Erie[5][a]
571 ft (174 m)
Before statehoodMichigan Territory
Admission to UnionJanuary 26, 1837 (26th)
GovernorGretchen Whitmer (D)
Lieutenant GovernorGarlin Gilchrist (D)
LegislatureMichigan Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsDebbie Stabenow (D)
Gary Peters (D)
U.S. House delegation7 Democrats
7 Republicans (list)
Time zones 
 • most of stateEastern: UTC −5/−4
 • 4 U.P. counties (Gogebic, Iron, Dickinson, and Menominee)Central: UTC −6/−5
AbbreviationsMI, Mich.
Michigan state symbols
Living insignia
BirdAmerican robin (Turdus migratorius)
FishBrook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis)
FlowerApple blossom (Malus domestica)
Wildflower: Dwarf lake iris (Iris lacustris)
MammalUnofficial: Wolverine (Gulo gulo luscus)
Game animal: White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
ReptilePainted turtle (Chrysemys picta)
TreeEastern white pine (Pinus strobus)
Inanimate insignia
FossilMastodon (Mammut americanum)
GemstoneIsle Royale greenstone
RockPetoskey stone
SoilKalkaska sand
State route marker
Michigan state route marker
State quarter
Michigan quarter dollar coin
Released in 2004
Lists of United States state symbols


Michigan is noted as the place where many automobiles were made, and it still shows today. Michigan is 50% forest, which makes it very useful to the lumber industry. It also borders four of the Great Lakes, which are some of the largest reservoirs of fresh water in the world. Lake Superior is the largest body of freshwater in the world.

Culture and weatherEdit

The state experiences four seasons, with the winter being predominant and severe in the north, while the south has more mild, equally long seasons. The northern areas are very popular for skiing in the winter. The National Ski Hall of Fame can be found in Ishpeming in the Upper Peninsula. It is surrounded by four of the five Great Lakes. It is also home to the largest mosque in North America, the Islamic Center of America in Dearborn.

Due to the large amount of water surrounding the state, boating is very popular in the warmer months. There are more private boats registered in Michigan than in any other state.

Famous MichigandersEdit

Many famous people have come from Michigan. They include the singer Madonna, the comedian Andy Richter, singer Stevie Wonder, Anthony Kiedis, former president Gerald Ford, singer Kid Rock, rapper Eminem, the former Reverend Jim Bakker, basketball legend Magic Johnson, Diana Ross, and Aretha Franklin. Also it was the home of Henry Ford, the founder of Ford Motor Company.


The capital city of Michigan is Lansing, and large cities include Detroit, Ann Arbor, Flint, Grand Rapids, and Saginaw. Marquette is the largest city in the Upper Peninsula.


Michigan has several state universities including Michigan State University, University of Michigan, Saginaw Valley State University, Grand Valley State University and Western Michigan University.[7] The state also has many private colleges.


The current governor is Gretchen Whitmer, a Democrat who took office in January 2019, and its two national senators are Debbie Stabenow and Gary Peters, both Democrats.

Related pagesEdit


  1. "License plate facts" (PDF).
  2. Hansen, Liane (September 27, 2009). "What Is a Yooper?". Weekend Edition Sunday. NPR. Retrieved June 13, 2013.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Michigan in Brief: Information About the State of Michigan" (PDF). Department of History, Arts and Libraries. Retrieved November 28, 2006.
  4. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (help)
  6. "The Abolition Movement: A Brief History". Amnesty International. Retrieved 2009-09-03.
  7. "Michigan Public Colleges and Universities". Michigan Start Pages. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
  1. 1.0 1.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Michigan at Wikimedia Commons